Friday, June 23, 2017

Today In History...

In 1683 William Penn signs a friendship treaty with the Lenni Lenape Indians near present-day Philadelphia.

In 1836 U.S. Congress approved the Deposit Act, which contained a provision for turning over surplus federal revenue to the states.

In 1868 Christopher Latham Sholes receives a patent for the typewriter.

In 1888 Abolitionist Frederick Douglass receives one vote from the Kentucky delegation at the Republican convention in Chicago, effectively making him the first black candidate nominated for president.

In 1892 The Democratic national convention in Chicago nominates former President Grover Cleveland on the first ballot.

In 1931 Aviators Wiley Post and Harold Gatty begin an 8-day round-the-world flight from New York City in a single-engine plane.

In 1938 The Civil Aeronautics Authority is established.

In 1938 Marineland opens in Florida.

In 1947 Congress overrides President Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.

In 1955 Walt Disney's animated feature "Lady And The Tramp" is released.

In 1956 Gamal Abdel Nasser is elected President of Egypt.

In 1967 President Lyndon Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin hold the first of two meetings in Glassboro, New Jersey.

In 1967 The U.S. Senate votes to censure Democrat Thomas J. Dodd of Connecticut for using campaign money for personal uses.

In 1969 Warren E. Burger is sworn in as Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court succeeding Earl Warren.

In 1972 In a White House recording, President Nixon and White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman agree on a plan to use the CIA to obstruct the FBI's Watergate investigation.

In 1980 Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's son Sanjay, dies in a light airplane crash.

In 1983 The U.S. Supreme Court strikes down, 7-2, the so-called "legislative veto," which Congress had used to curtail the powers of the executive branch.

In 1983 Pope John Paul II ends an 8-day visit to his native Poland.

In 1985 329 die when a bomb destroys an Air-India Boeing 747 in flight over the Atlantic Ocean near Ireland, apparently because of a bomb.

In 1986 House Speaker Tip O'Neill refuses to let President Reagan address the House regarding aid for the Nicaraguan contras.

In 1987 The U.S. Supreme Court affirms the federal law requiring states to raise the drinking age to 21 for federal highway funds.

In 1988 Pope John Paul II begins his second papal visit to Austria where he met with President Kurt Waldheim, despite controversy over Waldheim's alleged involvement in Nazi war crimes.

In 1989 The U.S. Supreme Court refuses to shut down the dial-a-porn industry, ruling that Congress had gone too far in passing a law banning all sexually-oriented phone message services.

In 1991 The Group of Seven finance ministers and central bankers, meeting in London, agree that the Soviet Union should become the first associate member of the International Monetary Fund.

In 1992 John Gotti, convicted of racketeering charges, is sentenced in New York to life in prison.

In 1992 Israel's Labor Party upsets the hard-line Likud bloc in parliamentary elections.

In 1992 Canada's Senate joins the House of Commons in ratifying the North American Free Trade Agreement.

In 1993 A world oil embargo imposed on Haiti goes into effect.

In 1994 French marines and Foreign Legionnaires head into Rwanda to try to stem the country's ethnic slaughter.

In 1995 Dr. Jonas Salk, the medical pioneer who developed the first vaccine to halt the crippling rampage of polio, dies at age 80.

In 1996 Former Greek prime minister Andreas Papandreou dies at age 77.

In 1997 Civil rights activist Betty Shabazz, 61, the widow of Malcolm X, dies in New York of burns suffered in a fire set by her 12-year-old grandson.

In 1998 President Clinton said the reported discovery of traces of nerve gas on an Iraqi missile warhead gave the U.S. new ammunition to maintain UN sanctions against Baghdad.

In 2001 Pope John Paul II arrives in the Ukraine, seeking to reconcile divisions between Catholics and the Orthodox Church.

In 2001 A powerful offshore earthquake shakes southern Peru, killing at least 100 people.

In 2002 26 North Korean asylum seekers left South Korean and Canadian diplomatic compounds in Beijing bound for South Korea.

In 2003 Maynard Jackson Jr., the first black mayor of Atlanta, dies in Washington, DC, at age 65.

In 2009 Ed McMahon, a veteran television entertainer best remembered as the sidekick to Johnny Carson on "The Tonight Show" for 30 years, dies at age 86.

In 2011 Actor Peter Falk, a five-time Emmy winner, dies.

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