Today In History...
In 1847 The American Medical Association is founded in Philadelphia, PA.
In 1915 Nearly 1,200 die when a German torpedo sinks the British liner Lusitania off the Irish coast.
In 1939 Germany and Italy announce a military and political alliance known as the Rome-Berlin Axis.
In 1945 Germany signs an unconditional surrender at General Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters in Rheims, France, ending the European stage of World War II.
In 1945 Mary Chase wins the Pulitzer Prize for her play "Harvey" and photographer Joe Rosenthal wins for his picture of the Iwo Jima flag-raising.
In 1947 Kraft Television Theater premieres.
In 1954 The 55-day Battle of Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam ends with Vietnamese insurgents overrunning French forces.
In 1960 Leonid Brezhnev replaces Marshal Kliment Voroshilov as president of the Supreme Soviet.
In 1963 The U.S. launches the Telstar II communications satellite.
In 1964 The continental U.S. record low May temperature of minus 15 is set at White Mountain, California.
In 1975 President Ford formally declares an end to the "Vietnam Era."
In 1982 Unemployment reaches a post-depression high of 9.4%.
In 1984 A $180 million out-of-court settlement is announced in the "Agent Orange" lawsuit brought by Vietnam veterans.
In 1985 New York City hosts a huge tickertape parade for Vietnam veterans.
In 1985 Baseball Commissioner Peter Ueberroth announces plans to institute mandatory drug testing for all baseball personnel except major-league players.
In 1986 The Senate Finance Committee approves a plan to make the most sweeping changes in the U.S. income tax laws in more than 40 years.
In 1987 Democratic presidential candidate Gary Hart, dogged by reports about his relationship with Miami model Donna Rice, puts his campaign on hold and flew home to Denver to be with his family.
In 1988 Winning Colors wins the 114th running of the Kentucky Derby, becoming only the third filly to win the event.
In 1989 Panama holds a presidential election; Manuel Noriega nullifies it when his opponent wins.
In 1989 Severe thunderstorms and tornados claim 17 lives in the southern U.S.
In 1990 The White House puts aside President Bush's pledge against new taxes, saying talks to strike a budget deal with Congress would have "no preconditions."
In 1991 Doctors said that President Bush's recent bout with an irregular heartbeat was caused by a mildly overactive thyroid gland, a condition they said was easily treatable.
In 1992 President Bush visits riot-scarred Los Angeles.
In 1992 The space shuttle "Endeavour" blasts off on its maiden voyage.
In 1992 A 203-year-old proposed constitutional amendment barring Congress from giving itself a midterm pay raise receives enough votes for ratification as Michigan became the 38th state to approve it.
In 1993 President Clinton proposes dramatic changes in political campaign financing.
In 1993 Representatives of 23 political parties in South Africa sign a declaration of intent to hold multiracial elections within a year.
In 1994 Norway's most famous painting, "The Scream" by Edvard Munch, is recovered almost three months after being stolen from Oslo museum.
In 1995 Jacques Chirac, the conservative mayor of Paris, wins France's presidency in his third attempt, defeating Lionel Jospin in a runoff to end 14 years of Socialist rule.
In 1995 Leaders of 54 nations that fought on both sides in World War II sign olive leaves in London in a ceremony of reconciliation.
In 1996 The first international war crimes proceeding since Nuremberg opens at The Hague in the Netherlands, with a Serbian police officer, Dusan Tadic, facing trial on murder-torture charges.
In 1997 Chrysler Corp. and United Auto Workers agree to new contract, ending a damaging 28-day engine-plant strike.
In 1997 The Army accuses its top enlisted man, Army Sgt. Major Gene McKinney, of sexual misconduct. (McKinney was acquitted of sexual misconduct, but found guilty of obstruction of justice.)
In 1998 The parent company of Mercedes-Benz agrees to buy Chrysler Corp. for more than $37 billion.
In 2000 President Vladimir Putin takes the oath of office in Russia's first democratic transfer of power.
In 2001 "Great Train Robber" Ronnie Biggs, who had escaped from prison in 1965, returned to Britain to complete his sentence.
In 2001 California's electric companies order rolling power blackouts.
In 2002 Authorities arrest 21-year-old college student Luke J. Helder in a series of rural mailbox bombings that left six people wounded in Illinois and Iowa.
In 2007 The tomb of Herod the Great is discovered.
In 2013 The Dow Jones Index of Major industrial stocks close above 15,000 for the first time.