Today In History...
In 1781 Benedict Arnold's British naval force burns Richmond, Virginia.
In 1895 French Captain Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, is publicly stripped of his rank. (He is later declared innocent.)
In 1896 German physicist Wilhelm Roentgen first described X-rays in the Austrian newspaper "Wiener Presse."
In 1905 Perrine announces the discovery of Jupiter's 7th satellite, Elara.
In 1914 Henry Ford announces a minimum wage of $5.00 for an eight hour day.
In 1922 Sir Ernest Shackleton, Antarctic explorer, dies aboard his ship.
In 1925 Nellie T. Ross of Wyoming becomes the first U.S. female governor as she finishes out the term of her late husband.
In 1933 The 30th U.S. president, Calvin Coolidge, dies at age 60.
In 1943 Educator and scientist George Washington Carver dies at age 81.
In 1948 Alfred Kinsey's "Sexual Behavior in the Human Male" is published.
In 1949 In his State of the Union address, President Truman labels his administration the "Fair Deal."
In 1964 Pope Paul VI visits Jordan and Israel.
In 1969 USSR launches Venera 5, the first successful planet landing on Venus.
In 1970 Joseph A. Yablonski, an unsuccessful candidate for the presidency of the United Mine Workers, is found murdered with his wife & daughter at their home in Clarksville, Pennsylvania.
In 1972 President Richard Nixon commits America to design a reusable space vehicle and signs a $5.5 billion Space Shuttle bill.
In 1981 Police in England arrest Peter Sutcliffe, a truck driver later convicted of the "Yorkshire Ripper" murders of 13 women.
In 1983 President Reagan announces he would nominate Elizabeth Dole to succeed Drew Lewis as secretary of transportation, making her the first woman to head the department.
In 1984 In a Voice of America radio address, President Reagan tells Cubans they were being systematically denied access to the truth about their country.
In 1985 Soviet President Konstantin U. Chernenko says the Soviet Union is ready for "urgent and effective measures" to curb the arms race.
In 1987 Surrogate "Baby M." case begins in Hackensack, New Jersey.
In 1988 Radon, an odorless gas, is linked to 13,000 cancer deaths each year.
In 1988 Former NBA leading scorer "Pistol Pete" Maravich dies of a heart attack at age 40, during a pickup game in Pasadena, California.
In 1988 The UN Security Council votes unanimously to ask Israel not to deport Palestinians from the occupied territories in the first council vote against Israel since 1981.
In 1989 Lawrence E. Walsh, the special prosecutor in the Iran-Contra case, asked for a dismissal of 2 charges against Oliver North, citing the Reagan administration's refusal to release material sought byNorth.
In 1990 President Bush said the U.S. had a strong case against deposed Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega and that he was convinced Noriega would receive a fair trial on drug-trafficking charges.
In 1992 President Bush arrives in Seoul, South Korea, on the third stop ofa 12-day tour focusing on international trade issues.
In 1993 The state of Washington executes Westley Allan Dodd, an admitted child sex killer, in America's first legal hanging since 1965.
In 1993 A Liberian-registered tanker runs aground in Scotland's Shetland Islands, spilling more than 24 million gallons of light crude oil.
In 1994 North Korea says it will allow renewed access by international inspectors to seven declared nuclear sites.
In 1994 Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill, former speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, dies in Boston at age 81.
In 1994 North Korea agrees to allow renewed international inspections of seven nuclear sites.
In 1997 Blowing snow closes major highways in the upper Midwest.
In 1997 Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat hold a secret summit, but fall short of agreement on the issues delaying an Israeli troop withdrawal from Hebron.
In 2000 Four U.S. Air Force and Navy jets fire at four Iraqi MiGs testing the "no-fly" zone over southern Iraq.
In 2002 Charles Bishop, a 15-year-old student pilot, deliberately crashes a small plane into a skyscraper in Tampa, FL, killing himself.
In 2003 The Chinese media reports that an unmanned Chinese space capsule had returned safely to Earth.
In 2004 Foreigners arriving at U.S. airports are photographed and had their fingerprints scanned in the start of a government effort to keep terrorists out of the country.
In 2004 After 14 years of denials, Pete Rose publicly admits that he'd bet on baseball while manager of the Cincinnati Reds.