Today In History...
In 1776 During the Revolutionary War, Captain Nathan Hale was hanged as a spy by the British after uttering, "I regret I only have one life to lose for my country."
In 1789 Congress authorized the office of the Postmaster-General.
In 1792 The French Republic was proclaimed.
In 1862 President Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, declaring all slaves in rebel states should be free as of January 1, 1863.
In 1903 Italo Marchiony was granted a patent for the ice cream cone.
In 1927 Gene Tunney successfully defended his heavyweight boxing title against Jack Dempsey in the famous "long-count" fight in Chicago.
In 1949 The Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb.
In 1950 Omar Bradley was promoted to the rank of 5-star general, joining an elite group that included Dwight Eisenhower and Douglas MacArthur.
In 1950 The first non-stop transatlantic flight by jet was completed.
In 1958 Sherman Adams, assistant to President Eisenhower resigned amid charges of improperly using his influence to help an industrialist.
In 1964 "The Man from U.N.C.L.E." premiered on NBC TV.
In 1969 Willie Mays of the San Francisco Giants hit his 600th career home run during a game against San Diego.
In 1975 Sara Jane Moore attempted to shoot President Ford outside a San Francisco hotel but missed when a civilian bystander grabbed her arm and deflected the shot.
In 1980 The 10-year-war between Iran and Iraq began.
In 1982 San Francisco's famous cable cars made a final run before shutting down for a 20-month $60 million renovation.
In 1986 A Federal Judge ruled copyright laws cover computer chips.
In 1986 In an address to the UN General Assembly, President Reagan criticized the Soviet Union for arresting U.S. journalist Nicholas Daniloff.
In 1987 The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 75.23 points. (At the time, the most significant one-day gain ever recorded.)
In 1987 The second regular-season NFL player strike began.
In 1988 The government of Canada apologized for the World War II internment of Japanese-Canadians and promised compensation.
In 1991 The London newspaper The Mail published an interview with former intelligence agent John Cairncross, who admitted being the "fifth man" in the Soviet Union's notorious British spy ring.
In 1992 President Bush vetos a family and medical leave bill.
In 1992 The UN General Assembly voted to expel Yugoslavia.
In 1992 Former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger denounced as a "flat-out lie" an allegation that he and other officials had known American servicemen were left behind when the war in Southeast Asia ended.
In 1993 Forty-seven people were killed when an Amtrak passenger train derailed and crashed into Bayou Canot near Mobile, Alabama.
In 1994 Pope John Paul canceled a trip to the U.S. to allow more time to recover from hip-replacement surgery.
In 1995 An AWACS plane carrying U.S. and Canadian military personnel crashed on takeoff from Elmendorf Air Force Base near Anchorage, Alaska, killing all 24 people aboard.
In 1995 Lawyers in the O.J. Simpson trial rested their case.
In 1995 Time Warner struck a $7.5 billion deal to buy Turner Broadcasting.
In 1995 Publishing tycoon Steve Forbes announced a latecomer bid for the Republican presidential nomination.
In 1996 VMI's Board of Visitors voted 9-8 to end its 157-year-old male-only admission policy.
In 1996 Actress Dorothy Lamour died at her North Hollywood home at age 81.
In 1997 Sportscaster Marv Albert went on trial in Arlington, VA, on charges of sodomy and assault.
In 1998 The Pentagon approved $5 billion in warplanes for Israel.
In 1998 The U.S. and Russia agreed to help Russia privatize its nuclear program and stop the export of scientists and plutonium.
In 2000 Kraft Foods recalled taco shells, confirming they contained genetically engineered corn not approved for human consumption.
In 2001 Miss Oregon Katie Harman was crowned Miss America 2002 in a patriotic telecast from Atlantic City, NJ.
In 2002 Thousands of Palestinians marched to protest Israel's siege of Yasser Arafat's headquarters.
In 2003 Actor Gordon Jump (Mr. Carlson-"WKRP in Cincinnati") died at age 71.
In 2004 In Haiti, the death toll from Tropical Storm Jeanne topped 1,000.