Today In History...
In 1836 Texas declares independence from Mexico.
In 1877 Republican Rutherford B. Hayes is declared the winner of the 1876 presidential election over Democrat Samuel J. Tilden.
In 1899 Congress establishes Mount Rainier National Park.
In 1901 The U.S. Forest Service is formed.
In 1917 Puerto Ricans are granted U.S. citizenship.
In 1923 Time magazine makes its debut.
In 1929 The U.S. Court of Customs & Patent Appeals is created by Congress.
In 1930 Author D.H. Lawrence dies in Venice, France.
In 1933 The movie "King Kong," starring Fay Wray, premieres at New York's Radio Music Hall and the RKO Roxy.
In 1939 Roman Catholic Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli is elected Pope Pius XII.
In 1943 The World War II Battle of the Bismarck Sea begins as America and Australian warplanes intercept a Japanese convoy that was en-route to Lae, New Guinea.
In 1944 "Casablanca" wins Best Picture, Best Director and Best Screenplay at the Academy Awards in Los Angeles.
In 1949 An American B-50 super fortress, the "Lucky Lady II," lands at Fort Worth, TX, after making the first non-stop around-the-world flight.
In 1949 The first automatic street light operates at New Milford, CT.
In 1951 The East beats the West, 111-94, in the first NBA All-Star Game.
In 1962 Wilt Chamberlain is the first to score 100 points in an NBA game.
In 1965 The movie "The Sound Of Music" opens.
In 1972 Pioneer 10 is launched for a Jupiter flyby and becomes the first man-made object to leave the solar system.
In 1974 First Class postage rises to 10 cents from 8 cents.
In 1977 The U.S. House of Representatives adopts a strict code of ethics that limited outside earnings.
In 1978 Soyuz 28 is launched.
In 1983 Pope John Paul II begins a visit to violence-torn Central America as he arrived in San Jose, Costa Rica.
In 1984 Soviet leader Yuri V. Andropov accuses the U.S. of creating obstacles to peace.
In 1987 People's Temple member Larry Layton is sentenced for the 1978 murder of California state representative Leo Ryan in Guyana.
In 1987 President Reagan withdraws his nomination of acting CIA Director Robert M. Gates to head the agency.
In 1988 The UN General Assembly votes to order the U.S. to submit to binding arbitration its plan to close the observer mission of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
In 1989 Twelve European countries agreed to ban CFC (chlorofluorocarbon) production within 10 years to help save the ozone layer.
In 1990 More than 6,000 drivers go on strike against Greyhound Bus Lines.
In 1990 A grenade attack at a disco in Panama kills U.S. soldier and injured 28 other people.
In 1992 Actress Sandy Dennis dies at age 54 in Westport, Connecticut.
In 1992 A jury was seated in Simi Valley, CA, in the assault trial of four Los Angeles police officers charged with beating motorist Rodney King.
In 1992 The UN General Assembly welcomes eight former Soviet republics and San Marino as its newest members.
In 1993 In the third day of a standoff between federal agents and Branch Davidians near Waco, TX, local radio stations broadcast a taped statement in which the group's leader, David Koresh, promised to surrender. However, the standoff continued.
In 1994 The government of Mexico and Indian rebels reach a tentative accord to end the rebellion.
In 1995 The U.S. Senate, 65-35, rejects the balanced-budget amendment.
In 1995 The last UN peacekeepers in Somalia are evacuated.
In 1997 Parts of Arkansas are declared federal disaster areas after severe storms and tornadoes.
In 1997 The first cargo ship to sail directly from China to Taiwan in nearly 50 years arrives in Kaohsiung.
In 1998 The UN Security Council endorses UN chief Kofi Annan's deal to open Iraq's presidential palaces to arms inspectors.
In 1999 Conservative Pat Buchanan launches a third presidential bid.
In 2002 Eleven Israelis are killed in a Palestinian suicide bombing in Jerusalem's ultra-Orthodox neighborhood.
In 2003 Landlocked Switzerland becomes the first European country to win the America's Cup as "Alinghi" swept Team New Zealand in 5 races.
In 2004 Marge Schott, the controversial former owner of the Cincinnati Reds, dies at age 75.
In 2014 During the 1014 Academy Awards John Travolta introduced Idina Menzel as "Adele Dazeem" before her performance of "Let It Go."