Today In History...
In 1845 Florida became the 27th U.S. state.
In 1849 The Gold Coinage Act passed, allowing gold coins to be minted.
In 1849 The "Home Department," the forerunner of the Interior Department, was established.
In 1851 Congress authorized the smallest U.S. silver coin, the 3-cent piece.
In 1863 The National Academy of Sciences was formed.
In 1875, Congress authorized a 20-cent coin (it only lasts 3 years).
In 1877 Rutherford B. Hayes took the oath of office as the 19th U.S. president in a private ceremony (a public swearing-in took place two days later).
In 1879 Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood was the first woman to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.
In 1885 American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) was incorporated.
In 1885 The post office introduced Special Delivery for first-class mail.
In 1887 Ann Sullivan arrived at the Alabama home of Captain and Mrs. Arthur Keller to become the teacher of their blind and deaf 6-year-old daughter, Helen.
In 1894 British Prime Minister William Gladstone submitted his resignation to Queen Victoria.
In 1918 Germany, Austria and Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which ended Russian participation in World War I.
In 1931 The "Star-Spangled Banner" officially became the United States' national anthem.
In 1969 Apollo IX was launched from Cape Kennedy to test the lunar module.
In 1974 Nearly 350 people died when a Turkish Airlines DC-10 crashed shortly after takeoff from Orly Airport in Paris.
In 1978 The remains of Charlie Chaplin were taken by grave robbers in Switzerland. His body is recovered 11 weeks later near Lake Geneva.
In 1983 President Reagan hosted a state dinner for Britain's Queen Elizabeth II in San Francisco.
In 1984 Peter V. Ueberroth was named baseball commissioner by the 26 major league owners, ending a 15-month search for a successor to Bowie Kuhn.
In 1985 "Moonlighting" with Cybill Sheppard and Bruce Willis premieres on ABC-TV.
In 1985 British coal miners voted to end a year-long strike.
In 1986 The Austrian news magazine Profil linked Kurt Waldheim to Adolf Hitler's infamous "brown shirts," but a spokesman denied the former U.N. Secretary-General had belonged to the Nazi organization.
In 1987 Actor/comedian Danny Kaye dies in Los Angeles at age 74.
In 1988 The U.S. House of Representatives rejected a package of $30 million in non-lethal aid for Nicaraguan Contras.
In 1990 President Bush expressed opposition to the settlement of Soviet Jewish refugees in East Jerusalem.
In 1991 In a case that sparked a national outcry, motorist Rodney King was severely beaten by Los Angeles police officers after a high-speed chase in a scene captured on home video.
In 1991 Twenty-five people were killed when a United Airlines Boeing 737-200 inexplicably crashed while approaching the Colorado Springs airport.
In 1992 An underground coal mine explosion in Koslu, Turkey, claimed 270 lives.
In 1993 Health pioneer Albert Sabin, developer of the oral polio vaccine, dies in Washington, DC, at age 86.
In 1994 President Clinton signed an executive order taking steps toward retaliatory tariffs against Japanese imports.
In 1996 A bus bomb in Jerusalem killed the bomber and at least 18 others and wounded 10 people.
In 1997 Vice President Al Gore, under fire for campaign fund-raising activities, acknowledged soliciting from his White House office but insisted he did not do "anything wrong, much less illegal."
In 1998 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled local lawmaker votes are immune to lawsuits, even if based on illegal or discriminatory motives. Also, the court says bankruptcy filers can avoid damages if they did not intend injury.
In 1998 Presidential confidant Vernon Jordan testifies before the grand jury investigating the Monica Lewinsky matter.
In 1998 Microsoft chairman Bill Gates testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee that his company wasn't a monopoly out to crush rivals in the Internet software market.
In 1998 Larry Doby, the first black player in the American League, was elected to the Baseball Hall.
In 2000 Former dictator General Augusto Pinochet returned to Chile a free man, 16 months after being detained in Britain on torture charges.
In 2001 A plane carrying members of a National Guard engineering crew crashed in heavy rain near Macon, GA, killing all 21 onboard.
In 2001 John Ruiz became the first Hispanic WBA heavyweight champion by defeating Evander Holyfield in a unanimous 12-round decision.
In 2002 Citizens of Switzerland voted to join the United Nations, abandoning almost 200 years of formal neutrality.
In 2003 Malcolm Kilduff, the White House spokesman who announced to a shocked world the death of President Kennedy died at age 75.
In 2004 The first same-sex marriage licenses were issued in Multnomah County, Oregon.
In 2013 two and a half-year-old U.S. girl became the first child born with HIV to be cured.
In 2014 Teresa Giudice and Joe Giudice from the "Real Housewives of New Jersey" pleaded guilty to multiple Fraud Charges.