Today In History...

In 1845 The U.S. Naval academy opens at Annapolis, Maryland.
In 1846 Neptune's moon Triton is discovered by William Lassell.
In 1886 The tuxedo dinner jacket makes its American debut at the autumn ball in Tuxedo Park, New York.
In 1911 Revolutionaries under Sun Yat-sen overthrow China's Manchu Dynasty.
In 1913 Engineers blow up Gamboa Dam, opening the Panama Canal.
In 1933 The first synthetic detergent for home use is marketed.
In 1938 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland.
In 1943 Chiang Kai-shek took the oath of office as president of China.
In 1945 The Detroit Tigers win the World Series, defeating the Chicago Cubs in game seven, 9-3.
In 1963 A treaty banning atmospheric nuclear tests is signed by U.S., England and the USSR.
In 1964 The 18th Summer Olympic Games open in Tokyo, Japan.
In 1968 The Detroit Tigers win the World Series as they defeat the St. Louis Cardinals in game seven, 4-1.
In 1970 Quebec Labor Minister Pierre Laporte is kidnapped by the Quebec Liberation Front, a militant separatist group. Laporte's body is found a week later.
In 1970 Fiji becomes independent after nearly a century of British rule.
In 1973 Vice President Spiro Agnew pleads no contest to one count of federal income tax evasion and resigns his office. (Agnew's successor, appointed by President Nixon, was Michigan Rep. Gerald R. Ford.)
In 1975 Israel formally signs the Sinai accord with Egypt.
In 1978 President Carter signs a bill authorizing the Susan B. Anthony dollar.
In 1980 4,500 people die when a pair of earthquakes strike Algeria.
In 1981 Funeral services are held in Cairo for Egyptian leader Anwar Sadat, who had been assassinated by Muslim extremists.
In 1983 A funeral mass is held in New York for Cardinal Terence Cooke, who had died October 6 at age 62.
In 1985 U.S. fighter jets force an Egyptian plane carrying hijackers of the Italian ship Achille Lauro to land in Italy, where the gunmen were arrested.
In 1985 Actor Yul Brynner dies of lung cancer in New York at age 65.
In 1985 Actor/director Orson Welles dies in Los Angeles at age 70.
In 1986 Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres resigns after 25 months in office so that Yitzhak Shamir could succeed him under the terms of a national unity accord between the Labor Party and Likud bloc.
In 1986 An earthquake measuring 7.5 on the Richter scale strikes San Salvador, El Salvador, killing an estimated 1,500 people.
In 1987 British athelete Tom McClean rowed solo across the Atlantic, setting an west-to-east crossing record of 54 days, 18 hours.
In 1989 South African President F.W. de Klerk announces that eight prominent political prisoners, including African National Congress official Walter Sisulu, would be unconditionally freed, but that Nelson Mandela would remain imprisoned.
In 1990 The Oakland A's sweep the American League pennant and their third straight World Series by defeating the Boston Red Sox, 3-1.
In 1991 The Senate Judiciary Committee prepares to reopen the confirmation hearing of Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas, accused of sexual harassment by a former aide, Anita Hill.
In 1992 Iraq releases U.S. munitions expert Chad Hall, two days after he'd been taken prisoner in the DMZ separating Iraq and Kuwait.
In 1994 Iraq announces it is withdrawing its forces from the Kuwaiti border.
In 1994 Lieutenant General Raoul Cedras resigns as commander-in-chief of Haiti's armed forces and pledged to leave the country.
In 1995 World chess champion Garry Kasparov wins a month-long championship match against Viswanathan Anand.
In 1997 74 are killed in the crash of an Argentine jetliner in Uruguay.
In 1998 Former Defense Secretary and presidential adviser Clark M. Clifford dies at age 91.
In 1999 Portugal's governing Socialist Party is returned to power by a comfortable margin in a general election.
In 1999 6 college students walking along a highway on their way to a fraternity party at Texas A&M are killed by a pickup truck whose driver who had fallen asleep.
In 2000 Jo Myong Rok, the highest-level North Korean official to visit Washington to date, meets with President Clinton at the White House.
In 2001 President Bush unveils a list of the 22 most-wanted terrorists, including Osama bin Laden and associates.
In 2004 Christopher Reeve ("Superman") dies at age 52.


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