Today In History...

In 1810 Columbia gains its independence from Spain.

In 1859 The first admission fee (50 cents) is charged to see a baseball game.

In 1861 The Congress of the Confederate States begin holding sessions in Richmond, Virginia.

In 1871 British Columbia becomes the sixth Canadian province.

In 1876 The first intercollegiate track meet takes place in Saratoga, NY.

In 1881 Sioux Indian leader Sitting Bull, a fugitive since the Battle of the Little Big Horn, surrenders to federal troops.

In 1917 The draft lottery in World War I goes into effect.

In 1942 The first detachment of the Women's Army Corps (WACs) begin basic training at Fort Des Moines, Iowa.

In 1944 A group of German officials attempt to assassinate Adolph Hitler and fail during World War II.

In 1944 U.S. invades Japanese-occupied Guam during World War II.

In 1944 President Franklin D. Roosevelt is nominated for an unprecedented 4th term of office by the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.

In 1949 Israel's 19-month "War of Independence" ends.

In 1951 Jordon's King Abdullah Inb Hussein is assassinated in Jerusalem.

In 1960 The USSR recovers two dogs, the first living organisms to return from space.

In 1960 The USS George Washington off Cape Canaveral, Florida, is the first submerged submarine to fire a Polaris missile.

In 1969 Apollo XI astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin become the first men to walk on the moon. At 10:56pm EDT Armstrong stepped onto the moon from Apollo's lunar module and declared, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."

In 1976 America's Viking I is the first space probe to land on Mars.

In 1977 Voyager II is launched.

In 1977 A flash flood hits Johnstown, Pennsylvania, killing 80 and causing $350 million in damages.

In 1983 ABC news anchorman Frank Reynolds dies at age 59.

In 1984 Uwe Hohn of East Germany throws the javelin a record 104.80 meters.

In 1984 Vanessa Williams, Miss America 1984, is asked by pageant officials to resign because of nude photographs of her that turned up in Penthouse magazine. (Williams relinquished her title 3 days later.)

In 1985 $400 million in treasure is found in a shipwreck off Florida.

In 1985 John Howard sets the bicycle speed record at 152 mph.

In 1987 The UN Security Council votes to approve a U.S.-sponsored resolution demanding an end to the Persian Gulf war between Iraq and Iran, a move supported by Iraq and dismissed by Iran.

In 1988 Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis receives the Democratic presidential nomination at his party's convention in Atlanta.

In 1988 Iranian leader Ayatollah Khomeini accepts a truce with Iraq, even though he said the decision was like drinking poison.

In 1989 President Bush proposes that America build a base on the moon and send a manned mission to Mars.

In 1990 U.S. Supreme Court Justice William Brennan, one of the court's more liberal voices, announces he would step down.

In 1992 Vaclav Havel, the playwright who led the "Velvet Revolution" against Communism, formally steps down as president of Czechoslovakia.

In 1993 White House deputy counsel Vincent Foster Jr. is found shot to death in a park near Washington, DC, an apparent suicide.

In 1993 A day after firing William Sessions as FBI director, President Clinton names federal judge Louis Freeh to replace him.

In 1994 Bosnian Serbs reject an international peace plan sponsored by the U.S. Russia, France, Britain and Germany.

In 1995 Baseball Hall of Famers Duke Snider and Willie McCovey are convicted of tax evasion.

In 1996 At the Atlanta Olympics, Renata Mauer of Poland wins the first gold, in the 10-meter air rifle.

In 1997 Seven people are arrested after New York police found scores of deaf Mexicans kept in slave-like conditions and forced to peddle trinkets for the smugglers who had brought them to the U.S.

In 1998 Russia wins an $11.2 billion loan from International Monetary Fund to help avert the devaluation of its currency.

In 1998 A fire aboard the cruise ship Ecstasy just two miles from the Florida shore forces its return to port.

In 2000 A federal grand jury indicts two former Utah Olympic officials for their alleged roles in paying $1 million to help bring the games to Salt Lake City.

In 2002 29 people die in a blaze started by bartenders who were doing tricks with fire at Utopia, an unlicensed night club in Lima.

In 2003 Ben Curtis, an unknown PGA Tour rookie in his first major championship, wins the British Open.


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