Today In History...
In 1535 Sir Thomas More is executed in England for treason.
In 1699 Pirate Captain William Kidd is taken into custody in Boston.
In 1747 France and Spain break the combined blockade of British fleet and troops of Austria's Maria Theresa at Genoa, Italy.
In 1770 The Russian fleet, with British sailors as officers, defeat the Turkish navy at Tchesme, Turkey.
In 1777 During the American Revolution, British forces capture Fort Ticonderoga.
In 1809 Pope Pius VII, having excommunicated Napoleon Bonaparte, is taken prisoner by the French.
In 1854 The Republican Party is formally established at a convention in Jackson, Michigan.
In 1885 French scientist Louis Pasteur successfully tests an anti-rabies vaccine on a boy who had bitten by an infected dog.
In 1917 During World War I, Arab forces led by T.E. Lawrence capture the port of Aqaba from the Turks.
In 1919 The British dirigible R-34, the first airship to cross Atlantic, lands at New York's Roosevelt Field.
In 1923 The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) is established with the merger of Russia, White Russia, Transcaucasia and the Ukraine.
In 1928 The first all-talking motion picture, "The Lights of New York," is shown.
In 1932 First class postage back up to 3 cents from 2 cents.
In 1933 The first All-Star baseball game is played at Comiskey Park in Chicago, Illinois. The American League defeats the National League, 4-2.
In 1944 168 people die when fire breaks out in the main tent of the Ringling Brothers, Barnum and Bailey Circus in Hartford, Connecticut.
In 1945 Nicaragua becomes the first nation to formally accept a United Nations charter.
In 1945 President Truman signs an executive order establishing the Medal of Freedom.
In 1957 Althea Gibson becomes the first black tennis player to win a Wimbledon singles title, defeating American Darlene Hard 6-3, 6-2.
In 1961 Cecil Francis Poole becomes the first black U.S. attorney.
In 1967 The Biafran War erupts. About 600,000 people died during the two-and-a-half-year war.
In 1972 South Vietnamese capture Communist-occupied Quang Tri city.
In 1976 Soyuz 21 carries 2 cosmonauts to the Salyut 5 space station.
In 1977 A four-year U.S. government study is released calling cocaine "a serious drug of abuse."
In 1983 The U.S. Supreme Court rules retirement plans could not pay smaller monthly benefits to women solely because of their gender, even though women generally live longer than men.
In 1983 Fred Lynn of the California Angels hits the first grand slam in an All-Star game as the American League beats the National League in Chicago, 13-3.
In 1985 Tommy Green sets a world record by eating 6 lbs of oysters (288) in 1 minute and 33 seconds.
In 1986 Two Australians are hanged in Malaysia for drug trafficking.
In 1987 Chrysler is ordered to pay $1.5 million for safety hazards.
In 1987 The first of 3 massacres by Sikh extremists over two days took place in India as gunmen attacked a bus with Hindu passengers. 72 people are killed in the attacks in Punjab and Haryana.
In 1988 Armenian activists claim that paratroopers opened fire on a group of unarmed protesters at Yerevan's airport, killing five.
In 1988 167 North Sea oil workers are killed when a series of explosions and fires destroyed a drilling platform.
In 1989 Oliver North is given 2 years probation and fined $150,000 for his part in the Iran/Contra affair.
In 1989 A Palestinian shouting "The glory of Allah!" grabs the steering wheel of an Israeli bus, causing a crash that claimed 15 lives.
In 1989 The U.S. Army destroys its last Pershing 1-A missiles at an ammunition plant in Karnack, Texas, under terms of the 1987 Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty.
In 1990 NATO allies pledge to reduce both nuclear and conventional forces in Europe in show of friendship to the Soviet Union.
In 1992 The Group of Seven industrial nations open their 18th annual economic summit in Munich, Germany.
In 1994 14 firefighters are killed while battling a blaze on Storm King Mountain in Colorado.
In 1995 The prosecution rests in the O.J. Simpson murder trial.
In 1996 A jet engine of Delta Flight 1288 blows apart and rips into cabin, killing a mother and son and forcing the pilot to abort takeoff from Pensacola, Florida.
In 1996 President Clinton announces the biggest changes in the rules governing meat and poultry safety in 90 years.
In 1996 Steffi Graf wins her 7th Wimbledon title, defeating Arantxa Sanchez Vicario 6-3, 7-5.
In 1997 Mars Sojourner becomes the first mobile vehicle on another planet.
In 1998 Se Ri Pak, a 20-year-old rookie golfer from South Korea, becomes the youngest winner of the U.S. Women's Open, defeating American amateur Jenny Chuasiriporn in sudden death.
In 1998 Roy Rogers dies in Apple Valley, CA, at age 86.
In 1999 Ehud Barak is sworn in as prime minister of Israel, pledging to seek peace with neighboring Arab countries.
In 2000 The body of Cory Erving, the 19-year-old son of basketball great Julius Erving, is pulled from a pond, 5 weeks after he vanished.
In 2002 Gunmen assassinate Afghan Vice President Abdul Qadir.
In 2002 Serena Williams beats older sister Venus 7-6, 6-3, to win her first Wimbledon title and second straight Grand Slam tournament.
In 2003 Roger Federer became the first Swiss man to win a Grand Slam title, defeating Mark Philippoussis in the Wimbledon final.
In 2003 Actor Buddy Ebsen ("The Beverly Hillbillies") dies at age 95.