Today In History...

In 1638 The first earthquake recorded in the U.S. shook Plymouth, MA.
In 1792 Kentucky became the 15th U.S. state.
In 1796 Tennessee became the 16th U.S. state.
In 1813 U.S. Navy gained its motto when the mortally wounded commander of the U.S. frigate Chesapeake, Captain John Lawrence, uttered, "Don't give up the ship."
In 1845 A homing pigeon completed an 11,000 km trip from Namibia to London in 55 days.
In 1868 James Buchanan, the 15th U.S. president, died near Lancaster, PA.
In 1877 U.S. troops are authorized to pursue bandits in Mexico.
In 1888 California received its first seismographs as three of the devices were installed at the Lick Observatory.
In 1925 Lou Gehrig started in the first of 2130 consecutive games.
In 1938 The first "Superman" comic was issued.
In 1939 The first TV heavyweight boxing match -, the first TV heavyweight boxing match was Max Baer vs. Lou Nova.
In 1943 Actor Leslie Howard was killed when the Germans shot down his civilian flight to London during World War II.
In 1944 The British Broadcasting Corporation aired a coded message intended to warn the French resistance that the D-Day invasion was imminent.
In 1949 Newsweek became the first magazine on microfilm offered to readers.
In 1957 Don Bowden was the first U.S. runner to break the 4-minute mile.
In 1958 Charles de Gaulle became the premier of France.
In 1967 2 Sikorsky HH-3E Jolly Green Giants completed the first nonstop transatlantic helicopter flight.
In 1968 Blind and deaf author/lecturer Helen Keller died in Westport, CT.
In 1970 Soyuz 9 was launched into earth orbit for 18 days.
In 1971 The final "Ed Sullivan Show" aired on CBS.
In 1975 Frank Perkins climbed atop a flag pole and stayed for 399 days, the flagpole-sitting world record.
In 1977 The Soviet Union formally charged Jewish human rights activist Anatoly Shcharansky with treason. (Shcharansky was imprisoned, then finally released in 1986.)
In 1979 The nation of Zimbabwe (formally Rhodesia) was formed.
In 1980 CNN signed on as the first all-news national TV service.
In 1983 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin gave assurances his country would not attack Syrian forces in Lebanon in a speech to the Knesset.
In 1984 President Reagan arrived in Ireland, the land of his ancestors.
In 1987 The U.S. Supreme Court upheld Maine's law requiring severance pay for laid-off plant workers.
In 1987 Vice President George Bush addressed the Third International Conference on AIDS in Washington.
In 1988 President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev concluded their Moscow summit.
In 1989, former Sunday school teacher John E. List sought 18 years in the slayings of his mother, wife, and three children in Westfield, New Jersey, and was arrested in Richmond, Virginia.
In 1990 President Bush and Soviet President Gorbachev signed more than a dozen bilateral accords on the second day of their Washington summit.
In 1992 The Pittsburgh Penguins won hockey's Stanley Cup for the second straight year.
In 1992 The U.S. Treasury Department, responding to UN sanctions imposed on Yugoslavia, froze an estimated $200 million in assets of the Serb-led Yugoslav government.
In 1993, a mortar attack on a holiday soccer game in a suburb of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, killed at least 15 people.
In 1993 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a criminal conviction must be overturned if the jury was given a constitutionally flawed definition of "beyond a reasonable doubt."
In 1994 President Clinton began a European trip that included commemorating the 50th anniversary of D-Day.
In 1996 An estimated 200,000 participants, most of them schoolchildren, gathered at the Lincoln Memorial for a rally to protest government cuts to social and educational programs.
In 1997 The soap opera Port Charles debuted as a TV movie (a spin-off of General Hospital) and was then added to the ABC daytime lineup. The 30-minute soap opera was canceled in 2003.
In 1997 Betty Shabazz, widow of Malcolm X, was fatally burned in a fire set by her 12-year-old grandson in her Yonkers, NY, apartment.
In 1998 The FDA approved a urine-only test for the AIDS virus.
In 1998 Black workers alleging discrimination at Goodyear Tire & Rubber sued for more than $124 million.
In 1998 Refugees from Serbia's Kosovo province streamed into Albania.
In 2001 Cartoonist Hank Ketcham died at age 81. He was the creator of Dennis The Menace. Hank was born on March 14, 1920.
In 2002 President Bush told West Point graduates the U.S. would strike pre-emptively against suspected terrorists to deter attacks.
In 2003, leaders of the world's seven wealthiest nations and Russia pledged billions of dollars to fight AIDS and hunger.
In 2007 Jack Kevorkian was released from prison, for good behavior, after serving eight years of his 10-25-year prison term for second-degree murder in the 1998 death of Thomas Youk, 52, of Oakland County, Michigan.
In 2008, a fire at Universal Studios Hollywood's backlot destroyed several icons from movies, such as Courthouse Square, the clock tower from Back to the Future, and the King Kong exhibit on the studio tour.
In 2009 General Motors Corporation filed for bankruptcy. It is the fourth largest United States bankruptcy in history.
In 2014 Ann B. Davis, who was best known for her role as Alice on "The Brady Bunch," died at age 88.

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