Today In History...

In 1621, the Dutch West India Company received a charter for New Netherlands, known as New York.
In 1888 The poem "Casey at the Bat," by Ernest Thayer, was first published by the San Francisco Daily Examiner.
In 1916 The R.O.T.C. program was established by an Act of Congress.
In 1935 The French liner Normandie set a record on its maiden voyage by crossing the Atlantic in just four days, 11 hours, 42 minutes.
In 1937 The Duke of Windsor, who had abdicated the British throne, married Wallis Warfield Simpson in France.
In 1942 Battle of Midway began; Japan's first major defeat in World War II.
In 1948 The 200-inch reflecting telescope in the Palomar Mountain Observatory was dedicated in California.
In 1949 "Dragnet" was the first broadcast on radio (K.F.I. in Los Angeles).
In 1963 Pope John XXIII died at the age of 81.
In 1965 Gemini IV was launched, and Ed White became the first American to walk in space.
In 1972 San Jan Priesand became the first woman rabbi in the U.S.
In 1980 President Jimmy Carter won enough delegates for re-nomination.
In 1980 The crew of Soyuz 36 returned to Earth aboard Soyuz 35.
In 1981 Pope John Paul II was released from the hospital after an attempt on his life failed.
In 1982 Israel's ambassador to Britain was shot and critically wounded outside a London hotel.
In 1983 Militant tax protestor Gordon Kahl, wanted for the slaying of two U.S. marshals in North Dakota, was killed in a gun battle with law enforcement officers near Smithville, Arkansas.
In 1985 Jerry A. Whitworth was arrested by the F.B.I., accused of being part of a spy ring headed by John A. Walker.
In 1986 President Reagan sent a message to Congress appealing to lawmakers to continue financing his proposed Strategic Defense Initiative and improvements in nuclear forces.
In 1987 President Reagan arrived in Italy to prepare for a summit of major industrialized democracies, the 13th gathering of world leaders.
In 1988 President Reagan returned home from the superpower summit in Moscow after a stopover in London.
In 1989 Chinese army troops began their sweep of Beijing to crush student-led pro-democracy demonstrations.
In 1989 Iran's spiritual leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, died.
In 1990 President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev concluded their Washington summit with a joint news conference at the White House.
In 1991 The Mount Unzen volcano in southern Japan erupted, killing about 40 people.
In 1992 Democratic presidential candidate Bill Clinton played his saxophone on the "Arsenio Hall Show."
In 1992 Mad magazine publisher William Gaines dies in New York at age 70.
In 1994 President Clinton, continuing his tour of Italy, visited the graves of American soldiers killed during the Anzio landing during World War II.
In 1994, the U.S. began consultations with South Korea, Japan, and Russia on retaliating for North Korea's removal of vital evidence about its nuclear weapons capability.
In 1996 During joint war games, the Japanese vessel Yuugiri fires upon an American attack plane. Two U.S. Navy aviators eject safely.
In 1996 The F.B.I. cut the electricity at the Freemen ranch in Montana to persuade the occupants to negotiate an end to the 71-day-old standoff.
In 1997 After a bloody coup, 1200 foreigners fled Sierra Leone on an American warship.
In 1997 The government banned most slaughtered-animal parts from U.S. livestock feed because of links to "mad cow disease."
In 2000 President Clinton held talks in Moscow with Russian President Vladimir Putin on topics including missile defense.
In 2000 Former Treasury Secretary and onetime "energy czar" William Simon died in Santa Barbara, CA, at age 72.
In 2001 Alejandro Toledo defeated ex-president Alan Garcia in Peru's presidential election.
In 2001 Actor Anthony Quinn died in Boston at age 86.
In 2003 Arab leaders pledged to renounce terror and help end violence against Israel, standing in solidarity with President Bush at a summit in Egypt.
In 2009 Actor David Carradine was found dead in his hotel room in Bangkok. He was best known for his T.V. series "Kung Fu" and "Kill Bill" movies.
In 2012 Tiger Woods' 73rd P.G.A. tour victory equals Jack Nicklaus's record.
In 2016 After a 32-year battle with Parkinson's disease, three-time World Heavyweight Champion boxer Muhammad Ali died at age 74.

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