Today In History...
In 1814 Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated as emperor of France and was banished to the island of Elba.
In 1876 The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks was organized.
In 1898 President McKinley asked Congress for a declaration of war against Spain.
In 1899 The treaty ending the Spanish-American War was declared in effect.
In 1921 Iowa became the first state to impose a cigarette tax.
In 1945 During World War II, American soldiers liberated Buchenwald, the notorious Nazi concentration camp in eastern Germany.
In 1947 Jackie Robinson became the first black player in major league baseball, playing in an exhibition game between the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Yankees.
In 1951 General Douglas MacArthur was relieved of command in Korea by President Harry Truman for not following orders.
In 1953 Oveta Culp Hobby became the first Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.
In 1957 The Ryan X-13 Vertijet became the first jet to take off and land vertically.
In 1970 Apollo XIII was launched on a mission to the moon that was jeopardized when an explosion crippled the spacecraft; the astronauts managed to return safely to Earth.
In 1979 Idi Amin was deposed as president of Uganda as rebels and exiles backed by Tanzanian forces seized control.
In 1980 The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission issued regulations specifically prohibiting sexual harassment of workers by supervisors.
In 1981 President Ronald Reagan returned to the White House after 12 days of recovery from the Hinckley assassination attempt.
In 1984 Soyuz T-11 returned to Earth.
In 1984 Soviet Communist Party General Secretary Konstantin U. Chernenko was named president of the Soviet Union.
In 1985 Scientists announced that they had measured the exact distance to the moon, give or take an inch.
In 1985 Controversy erupted when President Reagan announced plans to lay a wreath at a cemetery in Bitburg, West Germany, where Nazi SS soldiers were buried.
In 1986 Two FBI agents were killed in a wild shootout in Miami that also resulted in the deaths of two robbery suspects.
In 1986 American sailor Dodge Morgan set the solo around-the-world record at 150 days.
In 1987 South Africa banned protests on behalf of detainees.
In 1988 Pro-Iranian Shiite Muslim hijackers of a Kuwait Airways jetliner killed a second hostage, dumping his body onto the ground in Larnaca, Cyprus.
In 1988 "The Last Emperor" won Best Picture at the 60th Academy Awards. Cher won Best Actress for "Moonstruck," and Michael Douglas was named Best Actor for "Wall Street."
In 1989 Mexican police found the graves of 13 murder victims across the border from Brownsville, TX. The victims had been killed in a ritual as good-luck sacrifices by a drug operation.
In 1990 Funeral services were held in Indianapolis for AIDS patient Ryan White, who had died three days earlier at age 18.
In 1991 The United Nations Security Council formally ended the Persian Gulf War.
In 1991 The space shuttle Atlantis landed safely after an extended 93-orbit mission that included the deployment of an observatory.
In 1992 The Russian Congress rejected an appeal by President Boris Yeltsin for another 6 months to carry out his economic reforms.
In 1993 A deadly riot erupted at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville; one guard and nine inmates were killed during the 11-day siege.
In 1994 The White House disclosed that President and Mrs. Clinton had failed to report $6,498 in income that the first lady made in commodities trading in 1980; the couple wrote checks totaling $14,615 in back taxes and interest.
In 1994 The White House disclosed that President and Mrs. Clinton had failed to report 6,498 dollars in income that the first lady made in commodities trading in 1980; the couple wrote checks totaling $14,615 in back taxes and interest.
In 1996 Jessica Dubroff, a 7-year-old girl who hoped to become the youngest person to fly cross-country, was killed along with her father and flight instructor when her small plane crashed.
In 1997 Fire damaged the 500-year-old San Giovanni Cathedral, home of the Shroud of Turin, which some consider Christ's burial cloth.
In 1998 Northern Ireland's most prominent political party, the Ulster Unionists, backed a historic peace agreement.
In 1999 Jose Maria Olazabal won the Masters by 2 shots over Davis Love III.
In 2000 A French anti-racism group filed suit against Yahoo! Inc., claiming it hosted illegal auctions of Nazi-related paraphernalia.
In 2000 A British judge branded historian David Irving as an anti-Semite racist and an apologist for Adolf Hitler, ruling that an American scholar was justified in calling him a Holocaust denier.
In 2001 Ending a tense 11-day standoff, China agreed to free the 24 crew members of an American spy plane.
In 2001 A stampede at a crowded soccer stadium in Johannesburg, South Africa, killed 43 people.
In 2003 Ten of the main suspects in the 2000 bombing of the USS Cole escaped from prison in Yemen.
In 2023 Barber Shop Quartet Day