Today In History...
In 1789 John Adams was sworn in as the first U.S. vice president.
In 1836 Texas became an independent nation when Sam Houston defeated Santa Ana in the Battle of San Jacinto near present-day Houston.
In 1862 Congress established a U.S. Mint in Denver, Colorado.
In 1910 Author Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) died in Redding, CT.
In 1918 German air ace Manfred Von Richthofen (The Red Baron) was shot out of the sky by Canadian pilot Roy Brown during World War I.
In 1940 The quiz show that asked the "$64 question," "Take It Or Leave It," premiered on CBS Radio.
In 1960 Brazil inaugurated its new capital, Brasilia, transferring the seat of national government from Rio de Janeiro.
In 1962 The World's Fair in Seattle opened.
In 1966, Texas surgeon Michael De Bakey achieved the first artificial heart implant.
In 1967 Svetlana Alliluyeva, the daughter of Soviet dictator Josef Stalin arrived in New York.
In 1972 Apollo XVI astronauts John Young and Charles Duke explored the moon.
In 1975 South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu resigned after ten years in office.
In 1976 Full-scale testing of the swine flu vaccine began in Washington, DC.
In 1977 The musical play "Annie," based on the comic strip "Little Orphan Annie," opened on Broadway.
In 1980 Rosie Ruiz was the first woman to cross the finish line at the Boston Marathon; she was later exposed as a fraud.
In 1983 Soyuz T-8 was launched.
In 1983 Former first lady Betty Ford, undergoing treatment at Long Beach Memorial Naval Hospital in California, disclosed in a statement that she was addicted to alcohol and a drug she had been taking for arthritis.
In 1986 The U.S., Britain, and France vetoed a UN Security Council resolution condemning the U.S. air raid on Libya.
In 1986 A vault in Chicago's Lexington Hotel that was linked to Al Capone was opened during a live TV special hosted by Geraldo Rivera; aside from a few bottles and a sign, the vault was empty.
In 1987 Application of the death penalty was broadened by the U.S. Supreme Court to include accomplices in murder cases.
In 1988 Senator Al Gore pulled out of the race for the Democratic presidential nomination.
In 1990 Pope John Paul II visited Czechoslovakia to help celebrate the nation's peaceful overthrow of communism.
In 1991 U.S. Marines in northern Iraq began building the first safe-haven settlement for Kurdish refugees.
In 1992 California executed Robert Alton Harris in the gas chamber, the state's first execution in 25 years.
In 1995 Timothy McVeigh, 26, a former soldier, was arrested by the FBI at a small-town Oklahoma jail where he had spent two days on minor traffic and weapons charges. He is charged with blowing up the Alfred Murrah Building in Oklahoma City two days earlier.
In 1997 The ashes of "Star Trek" creator Gene Roddenberry were shot into orbit.
In 1997 Police in Franklin, NJ, arrested two teenagers. They say they lured two pizza couriers to an abandoned house before opening fire, killing both men.
In 2001 Western hemisphere leaders meeting in Quebec ratified a plan barring undemocratic nations from a massive free trade zone they hoped would expand prosperity across their 34 countries.
In 2001 The Los Angeles Xtreme beat the San Francisco Demons, 38-6, in the first (and last) XFL championship game.
In 2003 Military officials in Iraq announced the arrest of Muhammad Hamza al-Zubaydi, a key figure in the bloody suppression of the Shiite Muslim uprising of 1991.