Today In History...
In 1886 Poet Emily Dickinson died in Amherst, MA.
In 1911 The U.S. Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of the Standard Oil Company (Amoco, Exxon, Chevron), ruling it violated the Sherman Antitrust Act.
1918 Airmail postal service began between Washington, Philadelphia, and New York City.
In 1930 The first airline stewardess, Ellen Church, flew for United Airlines on a flight between San Francisco and Cheyenne, WY.
In 1940 The first nylon stockings were sold in America.
In 1941 Joe DiMaggio began his 56-game hitting streak against the White Sox in Yankee Stadium.
In 1942 During World War II, gasoline rationing went into effect in 17 states, limiting sales to three gallons a week for non-essential vehicles.
In 1948 Hours after declaring its independence, the new state of Israel was attacked by Transjordon, Egypt, Syria, Iraq, and Lebanon.
In 1958 The Soviet Union launched Sputnik III.
In 1963 U.S. astronaut L. Gordon Cooper blasted off aboard Faith VII on the final mission of the Project Mercury space program.
1963 Judy Garland's last film, "I Could Go On Singing," opened.
In 1969 U.S. Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas resigned in a controversy over his past legal fees.
In 1970 Phillip Gibbs and James Green, two black students at Jackson State University in Mississippi were killed when police fired during student protests.
In 1970 President Richard Nixon appointed the first two U.S. female generals.
1972 Democratic presidential candidate George C. Wallace was shot and left paralyzed while campaigning at a shopping center in Laurel, Maryland. Wallace's assailant, Arthur Bremer, was sentenced to 63 years in prison.
In 1973 Nolan Ryan threw the first of his seven no-hitters as the California Angels beat the Kansas City Royals 3-0.
In 1983 Israel and Lebanon reached an agreement on the text of a U.S.-sponsored accord for Israel's troop withdrawal from Lebanon.
In 1985 Gary Dotson and the woman he was once accused of raping Cathleen Crowell Webb appeared on the morning TV show to discuss Webb's recantation of the rape charge.
In 1986 "Hands Across America" was turned into a free event.
In 1986 Searchers on Oregon's Mount Hood find two teenage survivors of a hiking expedition trapped in a whiteout blizzard. Nine other climbers died.
In 1987 President Reagan told a gathering of out-of-town reporters at the White House he did not consider himself "mortally wounded" by the Iran-Contra affair.
In 1988 The Soviet Union began withdrawing troops from Afghanistan, more than 8 years after soldiers had entered the country.
In 1989 Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev arrived in Beijing for the first Sino-Soviet summit in 30 years, a visit overshadowed by pro-democracy demonstrations led by Chinese students.
In 1990 Congressional leaders and Bush administration officials began a bipartisan summit on the fiscal 1991 budget and its deficit.
1991 President Bush took Britain's Queen Elizabeth II to a baseball game between the Baltimore Orioles and the Oakland A's.
1991 French President Francois Mitterrand appointed Edith Cresson as France's first female premier.
In 1992 A judge in Los Angeles ordered police officer Laurence Powell to be retried on a charge of excessive force in the beating of Rodney King. (The bill was eventually dropped).
In 1995 Dow Corning filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, citing potentially astronomical expenses from liability lawsuits.
In 1996 Senator Bob Dole announced resignation from the Senate to campaign for the U.S. presidency.
In 1997 The Space Shuttle Atlantis blasted off with repair equipment and an American astronaut bound for the Mir space station.
In 1999 Russian President Boris Yeltsin survived an impeachment vote in the Russian parliament.
In 2000 Sierra Leone rebels holding 500 UN peacekeepers released 139 of their captives into Liberian custody.
In 2000 By a five-to-four vote, the U.S. Supreme Court threw out a key provision of the 1994 Violence Against Women Act, saying that rape victims could not sue their attackers in federal court.
In 2001, A runaway freight train traveled about 70 miles through Ohio with no one aboard before a railroad employee jumped onto the locomotive and stopped it.
In 2004 Colonel Robert Morgan, commander of the famed Memphis Belle B-17 bomber that flew combat missions over Europe during World War II, died in Asheville, NC, at age 85.
In 2010 Jessica Watson became the youngest person to sail, non-stop and unassisted, worldwide.