Today In History...
In 1776 Rhode Island declared independence from England, two months before the Declaration of Independence was adopted.
In 1886 A labor demonstration for an eight-hour workday at Haymarket Square in Chicago turned into a riot when a bomb exploded.
In 1916 Responding to a demand from President Wilson, Germany agreed to limit its submarine warfare, thereby averting a diplomatic break with Washington.
In 1927 The Academy of Motion Picture Arts And Sciences was founded.
In 1932 Mobster Al Capone, convicted of income-tax evasion, entered the federal prison in Atlanta.
In 1942 The Battle of the Coral Sea, the first naval clash fought entirely with carrier aircraft, began during World War II.
In 1946 A 2-day riot at Alcatraz prison in San Francisco Bay killed five.
In 1961 The first "Freedom Riders" left Washington, DC, for New Orleans to challenge racial segregation in interstate buses and bus terminals.
In 1970 Ohio National Guardsmen opened fire on a crowd of anti-war protestors at Kent State University, killing four students and wounding nine.
In 1973 Valerie Perrine appeared in the nude on PBS's "Steambath."
In 1976 Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser announced "Waltzing Matilda" would serve as his country's national anthem at the upcoming Olympic Games.
In 1980 The president of Yugoslavia, Marshal Josip Broz Tito, died at age 87.
In 1984 Poland's premier, General Wojciech Jaruzelski, and Soviet President Konstantin Chernenko signed a 15-year economic cooperation agreement in Moscow.
In 1987 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Rotary Clubs must admit women.
In 1987 Conrail engineer Ricky Gates was charged with 16 deaths after his freight train hit an Amtrak passenger train.
In 1987 Pope John Paul II ended a five-day visit to West Germany.
In 1988 A year-long amnesty program for illegal aliens in the United States who met certain conditions ended.
In 1988 Three French hostages, including Marcel Carton, Marcel Fontaine, and Jean-Paul Kauffmann, were released in Beirut by pro-Iranian kidnappers.
In 1989 A jury convicted Oliver North of obstructing Congress, altering documents, and illegally accepting a gratuity.
In 1990 The South African government and the African National Congress concluded historic talks in Cape Town concerning the "existing climate of violence."
In 1992 Democratic presidential candidate Bill Clinton toured riot-ravaged Los Angeles streets, blaming the destruction on 12 years of Republican neglect.
In 1993 The U.S. handed over control of the relief effort in Somalia to the United Nations.
In 1994 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat signed an accord on Palestinian self-rule in Gaza Strip and Jericho.
In 1996 Grindstone won the Kentucky Derby, giving trainer D. Wayne Lukas a sixth straight victory in a Triple Crown race.
In 1998 Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski was given four life sentences plus 30 years by a federal judge in Sacramento, CA, under a plea agreement that spared him the death penalty.
In 2000 The "Love Bug" virus infects computer networks across the globe.
In 2002 A Nigerian airliner crashed in the northern city of Kano just after takeoff, killing 154 people on the plane and the ground.
In 2003 Two American astronauts and one Russian cosmonaut ended up nearly 300 miles off course after returning from the international space station.