Today In History...
In 1588 The Spanish Armada set sail for England; it was soundly defeated by the English fleet the following August.
In 1643 Delegates from four New England colonies met in Boston to form a confederation.
In 1780 The Great Mystery Blackout plunged New England and parts of Canada into near-total darkness as the sun disappeared at midday. (The cause has never been determined.)
In 1906 The Federated Boys' Clubs, the forerunner of the Boys' Clubs of America, was organized.
In 1921 Congress passed the Emergency Quota Act, which established national quotas for immigrants entering the U.S.
In 1926 Thomas Edison spoke on the radio for the first time.
In 1935 T.E. Lawrence, also known as "Lawrence of Arabia," was killed in a motorcycle accident in England.
In 1943 In an address to the U.S. Congress, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill pledged full support in the war against Japan.
In 1958 U.S. and Canada established the North American Air Defense Command.
In 1964 The State Department disclosed that 40 hidden microphones had been found in the U.S. embassy in Moscow.
In 1967 The Soviet Union ratified a treaty with the U.S. and Britain banning nuclear weapons from outer space.
In 1983 About 20,000 people marched in solemn silence to a cemetery in Warsaw, Poland, to mourn a teenager (Gregory Przemyk) who died in police custody.
In 1984 The Edmonton Oilers won their first Stanley Cup, defeating the four-time defending champion New York Islanders in five games.
In 1986 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled government agents in the air do not need search warrants to look down into private areas.
In 1988 Carlos Lehder Rivas, co-founder of Colombia's drug cartel, was 1989 On Wall Street, the Dow Jones Industrial Average passed the 2,500 mark, closing at a record 2,501.10.
In 1990 The U.S. and the Soviet Union signed an agreement to destroy chemical weapons.
In 1991 Martial-law courts in Kuwait began trying people accused of collaborating with Iraqi occupation forces, sentencing one man to life in prison for wearing a Saddam Hussein t-shirt.
In 1992 The 27th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which prohibits Congress from giving itself mid-term pay raises, goes into effect.
In 1992 Vice President Dan Quayle criticized the TV show "Murphy Brown" for having its title character decide to bear a child out of wedlock.
In 1992 Mary Jo Buttafuoco was shot and seriously wounded by teenager Amy Fisher.
In 1993 The White House set off a political storm by abruptly firing the entire staff of its travel office; five of the seven staffers were later reinstated and assigned to other duties.
In 1994 Former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis died of cancer at age 64 in New York.
In 1995 NASA's administrator unveiled plans to slash thousands of aerospace jobs and to overhaul virtually every part of the agency.
In 1996 The space shuttle Endeavour and its crew blasted off and prepared for the release of an inflatable antenna.
In 1997 NBC sportscaster Marv Albert was charged with biting a woman in an Arlington, VA, hotel as many as 15 times and forcing her to perform oral sex. (Albert ended up pleading guilty to assault and battery.)
In 1998 Strikes over unpaid wages broke out across Russia.
In 1998 Bandits stole three of Rome's most important paintings from the National Gallery of Modern Art.
In 1998 Millions of pagers stopped working when a communications satellite, the Galaxy IV, suddenly lost track of Earth.
In 2001 The Arab League called on Arab governments to sever political contacts with Israel until the Jewish state ended military action against Palestinians.
In 2002 Walter Lord, author of "A Night To Remember," a minute-by-minute retelling of the "Titanic" tragedy, died at age 84.
In 2003 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 6-3 that a state may try to force drug companies to lower prices on prescription medications for people with low incomes an2004 Millionaire philanthropist Jack Eckerd, founder of the drugstore empire that bears his name, died at age 91.
In 2016 Morley Safer, a "60 Minutes" correspondent for almost five decades, died at 84 of pneumonia. He had retired from CBS only a week earlier.