Today In History...

In 64, The Great Fire of Rome begins and lasts several days.
In 1536 The Pope's authority was declared void in England.
In 1792 American naval hero John Paul Jones died in Paris at age 45.
In 1872 Britain introduced secret ballot voting.
In 1918 During World War I, American and French forces launched a counter-offensive against the Germans between the Aisne and Marne Rivers in France.
In 1927 Ty Cobb hit safely for the 4,000th time in his career.
In 1931 The first air-conditioned ship, "Mariposa," was launched.
In 1932 U.S. and Canada signed a treaty to develop St. Lawrence Seaway.
In 1936 The Spanish Civil War began as General Francisco Franco led an uprising of army troops based in Spanish North Africa against a socialist coalition government in Madrid.
In 1938 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrived in Ireland after he left New York for California.
In 1940 The Democratic National Convention nominated President Franklin D. Roosevelt for an unprecedented third term in office.
In 1940 The first successful helicopter flight was made in Stratford, CT.
In 1940 "You're In The Army Now" premiered with the most extended on-screen kiss between Jane Wyman and Regis Toomey (3:15).
In 1944 American forces in France captured the Normandy town of St. Lo.
In 1944 Hideki Tojo was removed as Japanese premier and war minister because of setbacks suffered by his country in World War II.
In 1947 President Truman signed the Presidential Succession Act, which designated the Speaker of the House next in line to the presidency after the vice president.
In 1955 A summit opened in Geneva, Switzerland, attended by President Eisenhower, Soviet Premier Nikolai Bulganin, British Prime Minister Anthony Eden, and French Premier Edgar Faure.
In 1962 The communications satellite Telstar relays television across the Atlantic.
In 1963 "The Nutty Professor," starring Jerry Lewis, opened in movie theaters.
In 1966 Gemini X was launched.
In 1969 A car driven by Senator Edward Kennedy, D-MA, plunged off a bridge on Chappaquiddick Island near Martha's Vineyard. His passenger, 28-year-old Mary Jo Kopechne, drowned.
In 1976 Nadia Comaneci scored a perfect 10 at the Summer Olympics and won three gold medals.
In 1981 Jack Henry Abbott, whose writings about his life in prison became a best-selling book, fatally stabs Richard Adan, an aspiring actor working as a waiter, outside a New York City restaurant.
In 1984 A gunman opened fire at McDonald's in San Ysidro, CA, killing 21 people before being shot dead by the police.
In 1984 Walter Mondale won the Democratic presidential nomination in San Francisco.
In 1985 Appearing publicly for the first time since his cancer surgery, President Reagan waved to photographers from a window at Bethesda Naval Hospital, flashing an "okay" sign when asked how he felt.
In 1986, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution researchers released Videotapes showing the Titanic's sunken remains.
In 1986 "Aliens" starring Sigourney Weaver opened in U.S. theaters.
In 1988 Iran accepted terms to end its 8-year war with Iraq.
In 1989 Reversing an earlier decision, Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski declared his candidacy for Poland's presidency, which he won the following day.
In1In 1989, Actress Rebecca Schaeffer, 21, was shot to death at her Los Angeles home by obsessed fan Robert Bardo, who was later sentenced to life in prison.
In 1990 Dr. Karl Menninger, the dominant figure in American psychiatry for six decades, died four days short of his 97th birthday.
In 1991 Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon demanded the release of two Lebanese brothers being held in Germany, warning there could be "grave consequences."
In 1994 A bomb exploded in a Buenos Aires building housing Jewish groups, killing 95 and injuring more than 200.
In 1994 Tutsi rebels declared an end to Rwanda's 14-week-old civil war.
In 1995 Opening statements were presented in the trial of Susan Smith, the South Carolina woman charged with drowning her two young sons.
In1996In 1996, Shaquille O'Neal abandoned the Orlando Magic to sign a seven-year, $120 million deal with the Los Angeles Lakers.
In 1997 Systems on the Russian space station Mir returned to near-normal, almost a day after the already disabled spacecraft lost power.
In 1998 Residents along the northern coast of Papua, New Guinea, are left reeling after a 23-foot-high tidal wave hit the night before, killing 3000.
In 1999 David Cone of the New York Yankees pitched a perfect game against the Montreal Expos, leading his team to a 6-0 victory.
In 2000, Despite President Clinton's veto threat, the U.S. Senate voted 61-to-38 to eliminate the so-called "marriage penalty" by cutting taxes for almost every married couple.
In 2001, President Bush stopped in Britain en route to an economic summit in Italy as he began his second European trip in a month.
In 2003 Basketball star Kobe Bryant was charged with sexually assaulting a 19-year-old woman at a Colorado spa; Bryant denied the charge, saying he was guilty only of adultery.

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