Today In History...

In 1543 England's King Henry VIII married his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr, who outlived him.
In 1690 Protestant forces led by William of Orange defeated the Roman Catholic Army of James II at the Battle of the Boyne, a victory establishing Protestant domination in Northern Ireland.
InInIn 1812 U.S. forces led by General Hull invaded Canada during the War of 1812 against Britain. (Hull retreated shortly after that to Detroit.)
In 1862 Congress created the Medal of Honor, awarding it to Union soldiers who had captured a Confederate railroad train.
In 1933 Congress passed the first minimum wage law (40 cents per hour).
In 1933 The Screen Actors Guild held their first meeting.
In 1951 After a 10-inch rainfall, Kansas City suffered significant floods.
In 1957 Dwight D. Eisenhower was the first president to fly in a helicopter during the first nuclear attack simulation.
In 1960 Echo I, the first passive satellite, was launched.
In 1960 The Soviet Union's Sputnik 5 was launched with 2 dogs.
In 1974 Keith Harraway of Essex, England, set a world record by blowing 169 smoke rings from one puff of a cigarette.
In 1974 John Ehrlichman, a former aid to President Nixon, and three others were convicted of conspiring to violate the civil rights of Daniel Ellsberg's former psychiatrist.
In 1976 "The Family Feud" with host Richard Dawson debuted on ABC-TV.
In 1977 The first free flight test of the Space Shuttle Enterprise took place.
In 1977 President Carter defended the U.S. Supreme Court decision limiting government payments for poor women's abortions, saying, "There are many things in life that are not fair."
In 1981 Israeli jets bombed Palestinian guerrilla targets in Lebanon.
In 1984 Democratic presidential candidate Walter Mondale announced that he had chosen U.S. Rep. Geraldine Ferraro of New York as his running mate. Ferraro was the first woman to run for the U.S. vice presidency on a major-party ticket.
In 1984 New York passed the first mandatory seatbelt law.
In 1984 After 11 years, the sitcom "Happy Days" aired for the last time on ABC-TV.
In 1985 A cancerous growth was discovered in President Ronald Reagan's large intestine, prompting surgery the following day.
In 1988 Democratic presidential candidate Michael S. Dukakis chose Texas Senator Lloyd Bentsen as his running mate.
In 1989 A farmer in eastern France went on a shooting rampage, killing 14 people in two hours before being captured.
In 1989 "When Harry Met Sally," starring Billy Crystal and Meg Ryan, opened in U.S. theatres.
In 1990 Russian republic president Boris Yeltsin shocked the 28th Congress of the Soviet Communist Party by announcing he was resigning his party membership.
In 1991, A Japanese professor who translated Salman Rushdie's "The Satanic Verses" was stabbed 9 days after the novel's Italian translator was attacked in Milan.
In 1992 In an emotional farewell speech, Benjamin Hooks, outgoing executive director of the NAACP, urged the group's convention in Nashville to show the world that it remained vital.
In 1993 196 people were killed when an earthquake measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale struck northern Japan.
In 1994 Germany ruled its combat troops could be sent on U.N. missions abroad with parliamentary approval, reversing a policy in effect since the end of World War II.
In 1994 President Clinton, visiting Germany, went to the eastern sector of Berlin, the first president to do so since Harry Truman.
In 1994 Confirmation hearings began for U.S. Supreme Court nominee Stephen G. Breyer.
In 1995 President Clinton spelled out school-prayer guidelines, asserting the First Amendment already guaranteed adequate freedom of religion.
In 1996 Hurricane Bertha hit North Carolina's Cape Fear before battering several coastal towns.
In 1997 In Spain, kidnapped Basque politician Miguel Angel Blanco was found dead shortly after his militant Basque captors set a deadline.
In 1998 France beat Brazil for its first World Cup soccer championship.
In 2000 In Philadelphia, a video from a TV helicopter shows a dozen men, some police officers, brutalizing a black carjacking suspect.
In 2000 New Hampshire Chief Justice David Brock was impeached by the Legislature, the first such action against an official in the state since 1790. (He was later acquitted in a state Senate trial.)
In 2002, The Senate banned personal loans from companies to their top officials.
In 2003 The USS Ronald Reagan, the first carrier named for a living president, was commissioned in Norfolk, VA.


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