Today In History...

In 1560 Charles IX succeeded as King Of France on the death of Francis II.
In 1776 The first American scholastic fraternity, Phi Beta Kappa, is organized at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, VA.
In 1792 George Washington was re-elected president of the U.S. and John Adams was re-elected vice president.
In 1812 Napoleon Bonaparte left his troops retreating from Russia and set out for Paris.
In 1831 Former President John Quincy Adams took his seat as a member of the U.S. House Of Representatives.
In 1848 In a speech to Congress, President James Polk announced that a significant amount of gold had been discovered in California, giving validity to the California Gold Rush.
In 1876 Daniel C. Stillson patents the pipe wrench.
In 1908 The first numbers were displayed on football uniforms at the University of Pittsburgh.
In 1913 Britain outlawed sending arms to Ireland.
In 1932 German physicist Albert Einstein was granted a visa to the U.S.
In 1933 Prohibition came to an end as Utah became the 36th state to ratify the 21st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, repealing the 18th Amendment.
In 1951 "Dragnet" premiered on television.
In 1955 The boycott of segregated Montgomery city buses began by Dr. Martin Luther King.
In 1955 The AFL and the CIO merged under president George Meany to form the ALF-CIO.
In 1974 The NFL franchise Seattle Seahawks were formed.
In 1977 Eygpt broke diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq, and South Yemen following Sadat's peace overtures with Israel.
In 1978 The American space probe Pioneer Venus I began orbiting Venus, sending back its first information and pictures of the planet.
In 1979 Feminist Sonia Johnson is formally excommunicated by the Morman Church because of her outspoken support for the ERA amendment.
In 1983 More than a dozen people were killed when a car bomb shattered a nine-story apartment building in Beirut, Lebanon.
In 1984 President Reagan pledges $100 million for African drought relief.
In 1985 The Dow Jones average topped 1500 for the first time.
In 1986 The Soviet Union said it would continue to abide by SALT II treaty limits on nuclear weapons despite the U.S. decision to exceed them, but warned that Washington was making a big mistake.
In 1988 A federal grand jury in North Carolina indicted PTL founder Jim Bakker and former aide Richard Dortch on fraud and conspiracy charges. Bakker, convicted on all counts, served 5 years in prison.
In 1989 A high-speed French train travels 229 mph.
In 1989 East Germany's former leaders, including ousted Communist Party chief Erich Honecker, were placed under house arrest.
In 1991 Former hostage Terry Anderson is reunited with sister Peggy Say, who worked tirelessly for his release.
In 1991 Samuel K. Skinner was named White House chief of staff by President Bush, succeeding John H. Sununu.
In 1991 Richard Speck, who murdered eight student nurses in Chicago in 1966, died in prison a day short of his 50th birthday.
In 1993 A Palestinian boarded a bus and opened fire with an assault rifle in the first major attack in Israel since the signing of a peace pact with the PLO.
In 1994 Republicans chose Newt Gingrich to be the first GOP speaker of the House in four decades.
In 1994 President Clinton, on a visit to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Budapest, Hungary, urged European leaders to "prevent future Bosnias."
In 1995 France ends a 29-year boycott of NATO's military institutions.
In 1995 Former South Korean president Roh Tae-woo, four aides, and a dozen top businessmen were indicted in a bribes-for-favors scandal.
In 1995 Former South Korean president Roh Tae-woo, four aides, and a dozen top businessmen were indicted in a bribes-for-favors scandal.
In 1996 President Clinton announced his foreign policy team for a second term, including Madeleine Albright as the first female secretary of state; William Cohen as defense secretary; and Anthony Lake to head the CIA.
In 1997 The European Union banned all tobacco advertising, except at stores that sell cigarettes, after October 2001.
In 1998 Former Senator Albert Gore Sr., father of the vice president, died at his home in Carthage, TN; he was 90.
In 1999 Cuban President Fidel Castro demanded that the U.S. return 5-year-old Elian Gonzalez, who was rescued at sea, to his father in Cuba within 72 hours.
In 2000 The American Medical Association called on the FDA to consider making the "morning-after" pill available over the counter.
In 2001 Afghan leaders signed a pact in Koenigswinter, Germany, to create an interim government.
In 2001 Escaped convict Clayton Lee Waagner, suspected of mailing anthrax hoax letters to abortion clinics, is captured near Cincinnati.
In 2001 The space shuttle Endeavour blasts off under heavy protection on a flight to deliver a new crew to the international space station.
In 2003 The two makers of flu shots in the U.S., Chiron and Aventis Pasteur, said they had run out of vaccine and would not be able to meet a surge in demand.

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