Today In History...

In 1099 The population of Jerusalem was massacred during the First Crusade.
In 1815 Napoleon Bonaparte was captured.
In 1870 Georgia is is the last of the Confederate states to be readmitted to the Union after the Civil War.
In 1916 Boeing Company, originally known as Pacific Aero Products, was founded in Seattle by William Boeing.
In 1918 The Second Battle of the Marne began during World War I.
In 1929 The first airport hotel opened in Oakland, California.
In 1943 Diligenti quintuplets are born in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
In 1944 Greenwich Observatory was damaged by a World War II flying bomb.
In 1946 The comedy team of Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis debuted.
In 1948 President Truman was nominated for another term of office by the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia.
In 1953 "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes," starring Marilyn Monroe, opened in U.S. theaters.
In 1954 The first commercial jet transport airplane built in the U.S. was tested, the Boeing 707.
In 1958 President Eisenhower ordered U.S. troops to Lebanon at the request of that country's president, fearing Muslim rebels.
In 1964 Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona was nominated for president by the Republican National Convention in San Francisco.
In 1965 U.S. scientists displayed close-up photographs of the planet Mars taken by the spacecraft Mariner IV.
In 1968 A Soviet Aeroflot jet landed in New York, NY, marking the beginning of commercial air flights between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.
In 1968 The daytime soap "One Life To Live" debuted on ABC-TV.
In 1971 President Nixon announced he would visit the People's Republic of China to seek "normalization of relations."
In 1975 Apollo XVII and Soyuz 19 were launched for a mission that included a linkup of the two ships in space.
In 1976 3 shooters kidnapped 26 schoolchildren and their bus driver near Chowchilla, California.
In 1978 President Carter presided over a "town meeting" in West Germany.
In 1979 President Carter delivered his now-famous "malaise" speech in which he indicated a "crisis of confidence" in America.
In 1985 Doctors at Bethesda Naval Hospital announced that the growth removed from President Reagan's large intestine was cancerous, but the malignancy had not spread.
In 1985 Rock Hudson appeared at a news conference in Monterey, CA, with Doris Day to promote her cable television program. (It was later revealed Hudson had AIDS.)
In 1987 Former National Security Adviser John Poindexter testified at the Iran-Contra hearings that he had never told President Reagan about using Iranian arms sales money for the Contras to protect the president from possible political embarrassment.
In 1988 "Die Hard" starring Bruce Willis, opened in U.S. theaters.
In 1988 The Teamsters Union chose William J. McCarthy to fill out the remaining term of the late Jackie Presser as president.
In 1989 Leaders of the seven major industrial democracies, meeting in Paris, voiced support for democracy behind the Iron Curtain and condemned repression in China.
In 1990 Tens of thousands marched in Moscow to protest the Communist Party's control of the government, the army, and the KGB.
In 1991 The leaders of the world's wealthiest democracies, the Group of Seven, opened their 17th annual economic summit in London, plunging into the debate over aid to the Soviet Union.
In 1992 Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton claimed the Democratic presidential nomination at the party's convention in New York City.
In 1993 Authorities in Los Angeles announced eight arrests in connection with an alleged plot by white supremacists to ignite a race war by bombing a black church and killing prominent black Americans.
In 1995 A 19-year-old sales clerk was rescued after being buried in the rubble of a collapsed shopping mall in Seoul, South Korea, for 16 days.
In 1996 MSNBC, a 24-hour all-news network, makes its debut on cable and the Internet.
In 1996 MSNBC, a 24-hour all-news network debuted online on the Internet.
In 1997 Fashion designer Gianni Versace is shot to death in Miami. Police suspect serial killer Andrew Phillip Cunanan who is found dead days later.
In 1998 The U.S. Congressional Budget Office estimated federal surpluses to be $1.55 trillion in the next decade.
In 2000 The UN launched a successful military operation to help 222 Indian peacekeepers and 11 military observers break out of a rebel stronghold in Sierra Leone.
In 2000 Lennox Lewis defeated Francois Botha in the second round to retain his WBC and IBF heavyweight titles in London.
In 2001 China's President Jiang Zemin arrived in Russia to sign a friendship treaty, the first between the two countries in more than 50 years.
In 2002 A Pakistani judge convicted four Islamic militants in the kidnap-slaying of Wall Street Journal correspondent Daniel Pearl.
In 2003 Tex Schramm, who turned the Dallas Cowboys into "America's Team," died in Dallas at age 83.

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