Today In History...

In 1810 Columbia gained its independence from Spain.
In 1859 The first admission fee (50 cents) was charged to see a baseball game.
In 1861 The Congress of the Confederate States began holding sessions in Richmond, Virginia.
In 1871 British Columbia became the sixth Canadian province.
In 1876 The first intercollegiate track meet took place in Saratoga, NY.
In 1881 Sioux Indian leader Sitting Bull, a fugitive since the Battle of the Little Big Horn surrenders to federal troops.
In 1917 The draft lottery in World War I went into effect.
In 1942 The first detachment of the Women's Army Corps (WACs) began basic training at Fort Des Moines, Iowa.
In 1944 A group of German officials attempted to assassinate Adolph Hitler and failed during World War II.
In 1944 U.S. invaded Japanese-occupied Guam during World War II.
In 1944 President Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for an unprecedented 4th term of office by the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
In 1949 Israel's 19-month "War of Independence" ended.
In 1951 Jordon's King Abdullah Ibn Hussein was assassinated in Jerusalem.
In 1960 The USSR recovered two dogs, the first living organisms to return from space.
In 1960 The USS George Washington off Cape Canaveral, Florida, was the first submerged submarine to fire a Polaris missile.
In 1969 Apollo XI astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin became the first men to walk on the moon. At 10:56pm EDT, Armstrong stepped onto the moon from Apollo's lunar module and declared, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."
In 1976 America's Viking I was the first space probe to land on Mars.
In 1977 Voyager II was launched.
In 1977 A flash flood hit Johnstown, Pennsylvania, killing 80 and causing $350 million in damages.
In 1983 ABC News anchorman Frank Reynolds died at age 59.
In 1984 Uwe Hohn of East Germany threw the javelin a record 104.80 meters.
In 1984 Vanessa Williams, Miss America 1984, was asked by pageant officials to resign because of nude photographs of her that turned up in Penthouse magazine. (Williams relinquished her title 3 days later.)
In 1985 $400 million in the treasure was found in a shipwreck off Florida.
In 1985 John Howard set the bicycle speed record at 152 mph.
In 1987 The UN Security Council voted to approve a U.S.-sponsored resolution demanding an end to the Persian Gulf war between Iraq and Iran, a move supported by Iraq and dismissed by Iran.
In 1988 Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis received the Democratic presidential nomination at his party's convention in Atlanta.
In 1988 Iranian leader Ayatollah Khomeini accepted a truce with Iraq, even though he said the decision was like drinking poison.
In 1989 President Bush proposed that America build a base on the moon and send a human-crewed mission to Mars.
In 1990 U.S. Supreme Court Justice William Brennan, one of the court's more liberal voices announced he would step down.
In 1992 Vaclav Havel, the playwright who led the "Velvet Revolution" against Communism, formally stepped down as president of Czechoslovakia.
In 1993 White House deputy counsel Vincent Foster Jr. was found shot to death in a park near Washington, DC, in an apparent suicide.
In 1993 A day after firing William Sessions as FBI director, President Clinton named federal judge Louis Freeh to replace him.
In 1994 Bosnian Serbs rejected an international peace plan sponsored by the U.S., Russia, France, Britain, and Germany.
In 1995 Baseball Hall of Famers Duke Snider and Willie McCovey were convicted of tax evasion.
In 1996 At the Atlanta Olympics, Renata Mauer of Poland won the first gold in the 10-meter air rifle.
In 1997 Seven people were arrested after New York police found scores of deaf Mexicans kept in slave-like conditions and forced to peddle trinkets for the smugglers who had brought them to the U.S.
In 1998, Russia won an $11.2 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund to help avert the devaluation of its currency.
In 1998 A fire aboard the cruise ship Ecstasy just two miles from the Florida shore forced its return to port.
In 2000 A federal grand jury indicted two former Utah Olympic officials for their alleged roles in paying $1 million to help bring the games to Salt Lake City.
In 2002 29 people died in a blaze started by bartenders doing tricks with fire at Utopia, an unlicensed nightclub in Lima.
In 2003 Ben Curtis, an unknown PGA Tour rookie in his first major championship, won the British Open.


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