Today In History...

In 1644 Massachusetts established the first two-chamber legislature in the colonies.
In 1778 Captain James Cook first sighted the Oregon coast at Yaquina Bay.
In 1801 Massachusetts enacted the first state voter registration law.
In 1850, in a 3-hour speech before the U.S. Senate, Daniel Webster endorsed the Compromise of 1850 to preserve the Union.
In 1854 Charles Miller patented the first U.S. sewing machine to stitch buttonholes.
In 1876 Alexander Graham Bell received a patent for the telephone.
In 1897 Dr. John Kellogg served the world's first cornflakes to his patients at a mental hospital in Battle Creek, MI.
In 1911 Coin-operated storage lockers were patented.
In 1911 The U.S. sent 20,000 troops to the Mexican border as a precaution in the wake of the Mexican Revolution.
In 1912 Roald Amundsen announced the discovery of the South Pole.
In 1926 The first successful trans-Atlantic radio-telephone conversation occurred between New York and London.
In 1932 Four were killed when 3000 workers struck Ford Motor Co.
In 1933 The board game "Monopoly" was introduced.
In 1936 Adolf Hitler ordered his troops to march into the Rhineland, breaking the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Pact.
In 1945 During World War II, U.S. forces crossed the Rhine River south of Cologne, Germany.
In 1955 Mary Martin as "Peter Pan" was televised for the first time.
In 1962 The U.S. Orbiting Solar Observatory was launched.
In 1965 A march by civil rights demonstrators was broken up in Selma, Alabama, by state troopers and a sheriff's posse.
In 1973 Comet (Lubos) Kohoutek was discovered at Hamburg Observatory.
In 1975 The U.S. Senate revised its filibuster rule, allowing 60 senators to limit debate in most cases instead of the previously required two-thirds of senators present.
In 1977 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin met with President Carter.
In 1981 The anti-government guerrillas in Columbia executed kidnapped American Bible translator Chester Allen Bitterman, whom they accused of being a CIA agent.
In 1983 During a visit to Guatemala, Pope John Paul II appealed to the country's military leader, Efrain Rios Montt, to protect human life and due process of law.
In 1984 Three Israelis were killed when a bomb exploded on a bus in the port city of Ashdod, south of Tel Aviv.
In 1985 President Reagan met at the White House with Soviet official Vladimir Shcherbitsky in a session focused on Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative and the MX missile.
In 1986 TWA flight attendants struck over wages and ground planes.
In 1986 Former Senator Jacob K. Javits died in Palm Beach, FL, at age 81.
In 1986 South Africa lifted a state of emergency imposed the previous July.
In 1988 Three Israelis were killed when three Arab gunmen hijacked a commuter bus in the Negev Desert.
In 1989 The Salman Rushdie affair caused Iran to break diplomatic relations with Britain over his book "The Satanic Verses."
In 1990 Health and Human Services Secretary Louis Sullivan proposed a more informative food-labeling system requiring the disclosure of nearly all packaged foods' fat, fiber, and cholesterol content.
In 1994 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that parodies that poke fun at an original work can be considered "fair use" that doesn't require permission from the copyright holder.
In 1994 The U.S. Navy issued its first permanent orders assigning women to regular duty on a combat ship (the USS Eisenhower).
In 1995 Governor George Pataki signed the death penalty bill into law to make New York the 38th state with capital punishment.
In 1996 Three U.S. service members were convicted of the rape of a 12-year-old Okinawan girl and sentenced by a Japanese court to up to seven years in prison.
In 1998 Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, speaking in Rome, said the U.S. wouldn't no longer tolerate violence in Kosovo.
In 1999 Director Stanley Kubrick, whose films included "Dr. Strangelove," "A Clockwork Orange," and "2001: A Space Odyssey," died at the age of 70.
In 2000 The Nasdaq composite index hit 5,000 for the first time.
In 2001 Ariel Sharon was sworn in as Israel's prime minister.


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