Today In History...

In 1776 The Continental Congress authorizes the term "United States" replacing "United Colonies."
In 1830 Charles Durant flies a balloon from New York City across the Hudson River to Perth Amboy, New Jersey.
In 1839 John Herschel takes the first glass plate photograph.
In 1850 California becomes the 31st U.S. state.
In 1850 The territories of New Mexico and Utah are created.
In 1892 E.E. Barnard discovers Amalthea, the 5th Jupiter moon.
In 1893 Frances Cleveland, wife of President Grover Cleveland, gives birth to a daughter in the White House. It was the first time a president's child was born in the executive mansion.
In 1919 Most of Boston's 1,500-man police force goes on strike.
In 1926 NBC is created by the Radio Corporation of America (RCA).
In 1942 The first bombing on continental U.S. soil at Mount Emily during World War II.
In 1943 Allied forces land at Salerno and Taranto during World War II.
In 1948 The People's Democratic Republic of Korea is created.
In 1957 President Eisenhower signs into law the first civil rights bill to pass Congress since Reconstruction.
In 1963 "The Huntley-Brinkley Report" on NBC expands to 30 minutes.
In 1965 Sandy Koufax of the Los Angeles Dodgers pitches a perfect game against the Chicago Cubs, winning 1-0.
In 1966 The crime drama "The Green Hornet" debuts on ABC-TV.
In 1967 The first successful test flight of a Saturn V rocket.
In 1971 Hockey player Gordie Howe retires after 1767 NHL games.
In 1971 Prisoners seize control of the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, NY, killing a guard and take 38 hostages.
In 1975 Viking II is launched toward orbit around Mars and soft landing.
In 1976 Chinese communist party chairman Mao Tse-tung dies at age 82.
In 1982 "Conestoga I," the first private rocket, is launched.
In 1984 Pope John Paul II becomes the first pontiff to visit Canada.
In 1985 President Reagan abandons his opposition to sanctions against South Africa, ordering implementation of measures against the white-ruled Pretoria government.
In 1986 Frank Reed, director of a private school in Lebanon, is taken hostage. (He is released 44 months later.)
In 1986 Delta and Western Airlines merge.
In 1986 A New York jury indicted Gennadiy Zakharov, a Soviet UN employee, on espionage charges, after the Soviet Union formally charged U.S. News and World Report correspondent Nicholas Daniloff with spying.
In 1987 Surgeon General C. Everett Koop denounces doctors and other health workers who refused to treat AIDS patients, calling them a "fearful and irrational minority."
In 1988 The "Stars and Stripes," a catamaran piloted by Dennis Conner, completes a 2-0 washout of a New Zealand monohull for the America's Cup off San Diego.
In 1990 President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev hold a one-day summit in Helsinki, Finland, after which they joined in condemning Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.
In 1990 Liberian President Samuel K. Doe is reportedly killed after being captured by rebels.
In 1990 Pete Sampras defeats Andre Agassi to win the men's U.S. Open title.
In 1991 Boxer Mike Tyson is indicted in Indianapolis on a charge of raping a beauty pageant contestant. (Tyson was later convicted.)
In 1992 Russian President Boris Yeltsin calls off a trip to Japan in the face of growing pressure to resolve a dispute over four Kuril islands seized by the former Soviet Union in 1945.
In 1993 PLO leaders and Israel agree to recognize each other, clearing the way for a peace accord.
In 1993 Former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos is buried in his homeland, four years after his death in exile.
In 1993 About a hundred Somali gunmen and civilians are killed when U.S. and Pakistani peacekeepers fire on Somalis attacking other peacekeepers.
In 1994 "The Arsenio Hall Show" airs for the last time in syndication.
In 1994 The U.S. agrees to accept at least 20,000 Cuban immigrants a year in return for Cuba's promise to halt the flight of refugees.
In 1994 Prosecutors in Los Angeles say they would not seek the death penalty against O.J. Simpson.
In 1995 Bosnian Serbs blame UN forces for a shell that killed 10 people at a Bosnian Serb hospital the day before.
In 1995 Amtrak's Broadway Limited service between New York and Chicago makes its final run.
In 1996 Promising safer skies, President Clinton issues orders to tighten airport security and challenged Congress to support a $1.1 billion anti-terrorism crackdown.
In 1996 Keeping her word not to cooperate with Whitewater prosecutors, Susan McDougal goes to jail for contempt of court, denying she was trying to protect President Clinton with her silence.
In 1997 Sinn Fein, the IRA's political ally, formally renounces violence as it took its place in talks on Northern Ireland's future.
In 1997 Actor Burgess Meredith ("Rocky") dies in Malibu, CA, at age 89.
In 1998 UN researchers announce that 16.5 percent of Americans live in poverty.
In 2000 President Clinton proposes spending about $1.6 billion to help communities recover from recent Western wildfires.
In 2000 Venus Williams defeats Lindsay Davenport (6-4, 7-5) for the U.S. Open women's singles championship, her first Grand Slam title.
In 2001 Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants hits 3 home runs against the Colorado Rockies to give him 63 for the season, passing Roger Maris' and moving him closer to Mark McGwire's record.
In 2002 Iraq challenges the U.S. to produce "one piece of evidence" that it was producing weapons of mass destruction.
In 2002 An express train traveling from Calcutta to New Delhi, India, derails, killing at least 118 people.
In 2003 The Boston Roman Catholic Archdiocese agrees to pay $85 million to 552 people to settle clergy sex abuse cases.
In 2003 Nuclear scientist Edward Teller dies at age 95.


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