Today In History...
In 1621 The Mayflower sailed from Plymouth, MA, on a return trip to England.
In 1792 George Washington cast the first presidential veto, rejecting a congressional measure for apportioning representatives among states.
In 1887 In Tuscumbia, Alabama, teacher Anne Sullivan achieved a significant breakthrough with her blind and deaf pupil, Helen Keller, by conveying the meaning of the word "water."
In 1887 In a letter to Bishop Mandell Creighton, British historian Lord Acton wrote, "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely."
In 1894 11 strikers were killed in a riot at Connellsville, Pennsylvania.
In 1895 Oscar Wilde lost his criminal libel case against the Marquess of Queensberry, who'd accused the writer of homosexual practices; Wilde was convicted on a morals charge and was sent to prison.
In 1915 Jess Willard defeats Jack Johnson for the heavyweight crown.
In 1923 Firestone put their inflatable tires into production.
In 1951 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were sentenced to death following their conviction on charges of being atomic spies for the Soviet Union.
In 1964 Army General Douglas MacArthur died in Washington at age 84.
In 1965 "My Fair Lady" won the Academy Award for Best Picture, and one of its stars, Rex Harrison, was named Best Actor; Julie Andrews won Best Actress for "Mary Poppins."
In 1971 Fran Phillips was the first woman to reach the North Pole.
In 1972 A tornado killed six and injured 300 in Vancouver, Washington.
In 1973 Pioneer XI was launched toward Jupiter.
In 1974 The World Trade Center opened in New York City.
In 1975 Soyuz 18A tried to lift off.
In 1975 Nationalist Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek died in Taipei at age 87.
In 1976 Reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes diesdied in Houston at age 72.
In 1980 An anonymous party purchased an 1856 British Guiana one-cent magenta stamp at an auction in New York City for $850,000.
In 1983 France expelled about 50 Soviet diplomats and officials, accusing them of trying to steal military secrets.
In 1984 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar of the Los Angeles Lakers became the all-time scoring leader in the NBA, as he reached a career total of 31,421 during a game with the Utah Jazz.
In 1985 Tennis player John McEnroe said, "Any man can beat any woman at any sport, especially tennis."
In 1985 Japan notified the U.S. it would end all commercial whaling by 1988.
In 1986 The boomerang record, 396 feet (throw, return and catch), was set.
In 1986 An American soldier and a Turkish woman were killed in the bombing of a West Berlin discotheque, an incident that prompted the U.S. air raid on Libya more than a week later.
In 1987 The "Tracey Ullman Show" became the first Fox Network series.
In 1988 A 15-day hijacking ordeal began as gunmen forced a Kuwait Airways jumbo jet to land in Iran.
In 1989 Poland approved open elections, the Solidarity labor union was legalized, and the Roman Catholic Church was recognized.
In 1989 Joseph Hazelwood, former captain of the Exxon Valdez supertanker that leaked nearly 11 million gallons of oil into Alaska's Prince William Sound, surrendered to authorities in New York.
In 1990 The U.S. and the Soviet Union announced that President Bush and Soviet President Gorbachev would hold their first full-scale summit in the United States in late May-early June.
In 1991 Former Texas Senator John Tower, his daughter, and 21 other people were killed in a commuter plane crash near Brunswick, Georgia.
In 1992 Peru's President Alberto Fujimori suspended his country's constitution and dissolved Congress.
In 1992, in Washington, DC, authorities estimated a crowd at 500,000 marches supporting abortion rights.
In 1992 Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton died in Little Rock, AR, at age 74.
In 1993, the European Community called for tighter sanctions on Serbia to force Belgrade's allies in Bosnia to accept a peace plan.
In 1994, the longest-serving member of the U.S. Congress, Jamie Whitten, announced his retirement after first being elected in November 1941.
In 1995 The U.S. House of Representatives approved the Republican tax-cut package.
In 1997 Allen Ginsberg, the counterculture guru who shattered conventions as poet laureate of the Beat Generation died at age 70.
In 1998 Environment chiefs from the top eight industrialized nations announced curbs on smuggling hazardous waste, endangered species, and substances that damage the ozone layer.
In 1999 The UN suspended sanctions against Libya after Moammar Gadhafi surrendered two suspected Libyan intelligence agents for trial in the 1988 Pan Am bombing.
In 1999 In Laramie, WY, Russell Henderson pleaded guilty to kidnapping and murder in the death of Matthew Shepard, a gay college student.
In 2004 Flash floods killed some three dozen people in northern Mexico.2022 Traditionally considered the day Noah's Ark reached dry land.