Today In History...
In 1857 Headquarters for the U.S. Army Division of the Pacific are permanently established at the Presidio.
In 1861 Maryland voted against seceding from the Union.
In 1865 New Orleans fell to Union forces during the Civil War.
In 1894, several hundred unemployed men known as "Coxey's Army" arrived in Washington, DC, asking Congress for help.
In 1913 The zipper was patented by Swedish-born engineer Gideon Sundback.
In 1916 Irish nationalists who had seized control of the General Post Office in Dublin surrendered to British authorities.
In 1918 Germany's main offensive on the Western Front in World War, I ended.
In 1945, during World War II, American soldiers liberated 32,000 Nazi victims in Germany's Dachau concentration camp.
In 1946 28 former Japanese leaders were indicted in Tokyo for war crimes.
In 1957 The first military nuclear plant opened in Fort Belvoir, Virginia.
In 1965 Five died when an earthquake hit Seattle, Washington.
In 1974 President Nixon released edited transcripts of secret White House tapes relating to the Watergate scandal.
In 1977 Pope Paul VI and the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. Donal Coggan, participated in a Christian unity service at the Vatican.
In 1978 The California Supreme Court ruled that a host who lets guests get drunk can be sued for acts guests commit elsewhere.
In 1981 Truck driver Peter Sutcliffe admits in a London court to being the Yorkshire Ripper, the killer of 13 women in northern England for five years.
In 1983 Harold Washington was sworn in as the first black mayor of Chicago.
In 1985 Seventeenth Space Shuttle Mission - Challenger 7, was launched.
In 1986, the Soviet Union asked for Western experts' advice on the Chornobyl accident.
In 1987 Ronnie DeSillers, a 7-year-old with liver problems whose story brought support from President Reagan, died at a Pittsburgh hospital while awaiting a fourth transplant.
In 1988 McDonald's announced it would open its first restaurant in Moscow.
In 1990 The space shuttle Discovery landed at Edwards Air Force Base after deploying the Hubble Space Telescope.
In 1990 Wrecking cranes tore down the section of the Berlin Wall surrounding the Brandenburg Gate, the wall's most famous quote.
In 1991 An earthquake measuring over seven on the Richter scale hit Soviet Georgia, killing at least 100 people.
In 1991 U.S. troops continue airlifting Iraqi refugees from a camp in southern Iraq to Saudi Arabia.
In 1992 A jury in Simi Valley, CA, failed to convict four Los Angeles police officers accused in the videotaped beating of Rodney King, providing the spark that set off rioting in South Central Los Angeles.
In 1992 Exxon executive Sidney Reso was kidnapped outside his Morris, NJ, home by Arthur Seale, a former Exxon security official, and Seale's wife, Irene; Reso died in captivity.
In 1993 Britain's Queen Elizabeth II announced that, for the first time, Buckingham Palace would be opened to tourists to help raise money for repairs at fire-damaged Windsor Castle.
In 1995 Rescue workers in Oklahoma City continued the grim task of searching for bodies and pulling debris from the bombed-out Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, where the remains of more than 120 of the 168 victims had been recovered.
In 1996 Former CIA Director William Colby was missing after an apparent boating accident; his body was later recovered.
In 1997 Staff Sgt. Delmar Simpson, a drill instructor at Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland, has been convicted of raping 6 female trainees. He was sentenced to 25 years in prison and dishonorably discharged.
In 1997 Astronaut Jerry Linenger and cosmonaut Vasily Tsibliyev went on the first U.S.-Russian spacewalk.
In 1998 Brazil announced a plan to protect an area of Amazon forest the size of Colorado.
In 1998 U.S., Canada and Mexico ended tariffs on $1 billion in NAFTA trade.
In 1998 Israel marked its 50th anniversary.
In 2000 Cuban-Americans marched peacefully through Miami's Little Havana, protesting the raid in which armed federal agents yanked 6-year-old Elian Gonzalez from relatives' homes.
In 2000 Lennox Lewis knocked out Michael Grant in the second round at Madison Square Garden to retain his WBC and IBF heavyweight titles.
In 2002, a year after losing a seat it had held for over 50 years, the U.S. was elected to the U.N. Human Rights Commission.
In 2003 Pakistani authorities captured Waleed bin Attash, accused of playing a leading role in the September 11 attacks.
In 2004 Oldsmobile built its final car ending 107 years of production.
In 2011 Prince William married Catherine Kate Middleton. The wedding was held at Westminster Abbey in London. Actor Bob Hoskins dies of pneumonia at age 71.