Today In History...

In 1776 American revolutionary Thomas Paine published his influential pamphlet, "Common Sense," in which he argued for American independence from Britain.
In 1840 The Penny Post mail system was started.
In 1861 Florida became the third state to secede from the Union.
In 1863 London's Metropolitan, the world's first underground passenger railway, opened to the public.
In 1870 John D. Rockefeller incorporated Standard Oil.
In 1911 The first photo from an airplane was taken over San Diego.
In 1917 "Buffalo" Bill Cody died at the age of 71.
In 1920 The League of Nations was established as the Treaty of Versailles went into effect.
In 1928 The Soviet Union ordered the exile of Leon Trotsky.
In 1932 Mickey Mouse and Silly Symphony comics began syndication.
In 1944 The first mobile electric power plant was delivered in Philadelphia.
In 1946 The U.N. General Assembly met for the first time in London.
In 1946 U.S. Army established the first radar contact with the moon.
In 1957 Harold Macmillan became Britain's prime minister following Anthony Eden's resignation.
In 1964 "That Was The Week That Was" premieres.
In 1967 Massachusetts Republican Edward W. Brooke, the first black elected to the U.S. Senate by popular vote took his seat.
In 1967 National Educational Television (forerunner of PBS) operated for the first time as a network when it carried President Lyndon Johnson's State of the Union address.
In 1969 USSR's Venera 6 was launched for a parachute landing on Venus.
In 1978 The Soviet Union launched two cosmonauts aboard Soyuz 27 for a rendezvous with the Salyut Six space laboratory, where two other cosmonauts had been living for a month.
In 1980 The record for the fastest trip worldwide on scheduled airline flights was 44 hours.
In 1980 Former AFL-CIO president George Meany died at age 85.
In 1983, President Reagan ordered White House staff members to stay away from the press to stop leaks.
In 1984 The U.S. and the Vatican established diplomatic relations for the first time in more than a century.
In 1985 Daniel Ortega was inaugurated as president of Nicaragua, after which he promptly denounced what he called U.S. aggression against his country.
In 1986 Heavy rain at Cape Canaveral, FL, forced a seventh delay in the flight of the space shuttle Columbia.
In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld states' right to tax long-distance telephone calls.
In 1989 Cuba began withdrawing its troops from Angola, more than 13 years after the first soldiers arrived.
In 1990 Chinese Premier Li Peng lifted Beijing's seven-month-old martial law and said that by crushing pro-democracy protests, the army had saved China from "the abyss of misery."
In 1991, five days before the U.N. deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, peace efforts intensified, with U.N. Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar setting off on a mission to avert war.
In 1992 The Labor Department reported the nation's unemployment rate had climbed to 7.1 percent.
In 1993 An unidentified 62-year-old man at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center underwent the world's second baboon liver transplant. (The man died less than a month later.)
In 1994 In Manassas, VA, Lorena Bobbitt went on trial, charged with malicious wounding of her husband, John (she was acquitted because of temporary insanity).
In 1994 On the first day of a 2-day NATO summit in Belgium, leaders signed a document inviting nations of the former Warsaw Pact to join in a "partnership for peace."
In 1995 Russia announced a 48-hour truce in breakaway Chechnya, but the cease-fire fell apart after only a few hours.
In 1995 President Clinton declared flood-stricken areas of California major disaster areas.
In 1998 Michelle Kwan won the ladies' U.S. Figure Skating Championship in Philadelphia; Tara Lipinski came in second, and Nicole Bobek third.
In 2000 America Online said it would acquire Time Warner in the most significant corporate merger ever.
In 2003 North Korea withdrew from a global treaty barring it from making nuclear weapons.
In 2004 Michelle Kwan won her seventh straight title and eighth overall at the U.S. Figure Skating Championships in Atlanta.


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