Today In History...

In 1519 Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I dies.
In 1773 America's first public museum is opened in Charleston, SC.
In 1820 The Royal Astronomical Society was founded in England.
In 1912 Washta, Idaho recorded the state's low-temperature record of minus 47 degrees.
In 1915 The U.S. House of Representatives reject a proposal to give women the right to vote.
In 1929 America's longest railway tunnel (8 miles) was completed through the Washington Cascades Mountains.
In 1932 Hattie Caraway became the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate.
In 1942 President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the National War Labor Board.
In 1944 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and French General Charles De Gaulle began a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh, Morocco.
In 1945 During World War II, German forces in Belgium retreated in the Battle of the Bulge.
In 1945 Aircraft from the U.S. Navy destroyed 41 Japanese ships in the Battle of the South China Sea.
In 1948 In a case involving the University of Oklahoma, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that states could not discriminate against law-school applicants based on race.
In 1964 Leftist rebels in Zanzibar began their successful revolt against the government.
In 1966 President Lyndon B. Johnson said in his State of the Union address that the U.S. should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression ended.
In 1969 The New York Jets beat the Baltimore Colts, 16-7, in Super BowlIII.
In 1971 The situation comedy "All in the Family" premiered on CBS.
In 1976 Mystery writer Agatha Christie died in Wallingford, England, at age 85.
In 1980 Gold rose past the $700 per ounce mark.
In 1981 Massachusett's all-time low-temperature record of 35 below zero was recorded at Chester.
In 1983 Health & Human Services Secretary Richard S. Schweiker resigned; President Reagan nominated former U.S. Rep Margaret Heckler to take his place.
In 1985 The government of France announced it was sending additional troops to the Pacific island territory of New Caledonia, the scene of an increasingly violent ethnic conflict.
In 1986 The space shuttle Columbia was launched with a crew that included U.S. Rep. Bill Nelson from Florida and the first Hispanic American in Space, Dr. Franklin R. Chang-Diaz.
In 1987 Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite arrives in Lebanon to negotiate the release of hostages and is taken hostage himself.
In 1988 Willie Stargell, a 21-year slugger with the Pittsburgh Pirates was elected to the Baseball Hall Of Fame.
In 1989 President-elect Bush named former Education Secretary William Bennett the first U.S. "drug czar."
In 1990 The astronauts aboard the space shuttle Columbia retrieved an 11-ton floating science laboratory in a rescue mission that kept the satellite from plunging to Earth.
In 1991 A deeply divided Congress gave President Bush the authority to wage war in the Persian Gulf.
In 1992 One day after the surprise resignation of Algeria's president, the army-backed Algerian government cancels parliamentary elections to prevent fundamentalist Muslims from winning power.
In 1994 President Clinton, en route to Russia, negotiated with Ukraine to eliminate the country's nuclear arsenal, the third-largest in the world.
In 1995 An American soldier was killed, and another was wounded during a shootout with a former Haitian army officer in Port-Au-Prince, Haiti.
In 1995 Qubilah Bahiyah Shabazz, the daughter of Malcolm X, was arrested on charges she tried to hire an assassin to kill Louis Farrakhan.
In 1996 Chechen fighters holding more than 100 hostages in the Russian village of Pervomayskaya freed about a dozen of their captives and pledged to release the rest if 4 Russian officials took their place.
In 1998 19 European nations agreed to prohibit human cloning.
In 1998 Linda Tripp provided Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr's office with taped conversations between herself and former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
In 1999 The U.S. Supreme Court limited state regulation of voter initiatives, striking down several methods used by Colorado.
In 1999 Mark McGwire's 70th home run ball was sold at auction in New York for $3 million to an anonymous bidder.
In 2002 Michelle Kwan won her fifth successive U.S. Figure Skating Championships crown and sixth overall.
In 2002 Former Secretary of State Cyrus R. Vance died at age 84.
In 2003 Steve Case announced he was stepping down as chairman of AOL Time Warner, the conglomerate he'd helped to create.
In 2004 President Bush and Mexican President Vicente Fox forged an agreement on immigration and Iraq while meeting in Monterrey.
In 2005 A NASA spacecraft, Deep Impact, blasted off to smash a hole in a comet. (The probe crashed into Comet Tempel 1 on July 3.)
In 2023 National Handwriting Day.
In 2023 Volunteer Fireman Day.

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