Today In History...
In 1877 Asaph Hall discovers the Mars' moon Deimos.
In 1909 The SOS distress signal is first used by an American ship, the Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.
In 1919 The Green Bay Packers football team is established.
In 1929 Babe Ruth hits his 500th home run.
In 1933 A world record is set when the temperature reaches 136 degrees Fahrenheit at San Luis Potosi, Mexico.
In 1934 The first federal prisoners arrive at the island prison Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay.
In 1942 During World War II, Vichy government official Pierre Laval publicly declares that "the hour of liberation for France is the hour when Germany wins the war."
In 1945 During World War II, the Allies respond to Japan's offer of surrender, saying they would determine Emperor Hirohito's future status.
In 1951 The first color baseball game is telecast.
In 1954 A formal peace takes hold in Indochina, ending more than 7 years of fighting between the French and Communist Vietminh.
In 1956 Abstract artist Jackson Pollock dies in an automobile accident in East Hampton, New York.
In 1960 Chad gains independence from France.
In 1962 Andrian G. Nikolayev becomes the third Russian in space.
In 1965 Rioting and looting break out in the predominantly black Watts section of Los Angeles, CA, killing 34 and injuring more than 1000 over a 7-day period.
In 1975 The U.S. vetos the proposed admission of North and South Vietnam to the United Nations, following the Security Council's refusal to consider South Korea's application.
In 1978 Double Age II makes the first transoceanic ballon flight.
In 1978 Chiefs of state and foreign dignitaries arrive in Vatican City for the funeral of Pope Paul VI, who died August 6th.
In 1984 During a voice test for a paid political radio address, President Reagan jokes that he had "signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes."
In 1984 Carl Lewis wins his fourth gold medal of the 1984 Summer Olympics as he helped the U.S. men's 400-meter relay team to victory.
In 1986 American and Soviet delegations meet for eight hours outside Moscow to discuss arms control proposals.
In 1987 Actress Clara Peller, "Where's The Beef!," dies at age 86.
In 1988 The U.S. Senate unanimously confirms Dick Thornburgh to succeed Edwin Meese III as attorney general.
In 1989 Poland's Solidarity-dominated Senate adopts a resolution expressing sorrow over Polish participation in the 1968 Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia.
In 1991 Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon release Edward Tracy, an American held for nearly five years, and Jerome Leyraud, a Frenchman abducted by a rival group 3 days earlier.
In 1991 The space shuttle Atlantis returns safely from a nine-day journey.
In 1992 The Mall of America, the biggest shopping mall in the U.S. (at the time), opens in Bloomington, Minnesota.
In 1993 President Clinton names Army General John Shalikashvili to be the new chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, succeeding the retiring General Colin Powell.
In 1994 A federal jury awards 10,000 commercial fisherman $286.8 million for losses suffered as a result of the 1989 Exxen Valdez oil spill.
In 1995 President Clinton bans all U.S. nuclear tests.
In 1995 A federal criminal investigation is opened into whether senior FBI officials covered up their approval of "shoot-on-sight" orders during a deadly 1992 siege at Ruby Ridge, Idaho.
In 1996 The Reform Party opens the first part of its two-stage convention in
In 1996 Long Beach, CA, with Ross Perot and Richard Lamm battling for the presidential nod.
In 1997 International donors offer the world's second-largest economic rescue plan to Thailand, a $16 billion loan to shore up Thai currency and financial system.
In 1997 President Clinton makes the first use of the line-item veto approved by Congress, rejecting three items in spending and tax bills.
In 1998 British Petroleum becomes #3 among oil companies with its $49 billion purchase of Amoco, the biggest foreign takeover of an U.S. company.
In 2001 President Bush says his decision to restrict but not forbid federal financing of embryonic stem cell research placed him at the crossroads between protecting and enhancing human life.
In 2002 Karrie Webb wins her third Women's British Open title.
In 2003 Herb Brooks, who coached the U.S. Olympic hockey team to the "Miracle on Ice" victory over the Soviet Union in 1980, dies in a car wreck near Minneapolis at age 66.
In 2004 Britain granted its first license for human cloning for the purpose of stem cell research.
In 2014 Legendary comedian Robin Williams dies at age 63.