Today In History...
In 1828 Uruguay is formally proclaimed independent at preliminary peace talks between Brazil and Argentina.
In 1859 The first successful oil well is drilled near Titusville, PA, by Colonel Edwin L. Drake.
In 1881 700 die when a hurricane hits Florida and the Carolinas.
In 1883 Krakatoa volcano erupts killing 36,000 in Java and Sumatra.
In 1894 The U.S. Congress passes the Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, which contained a provision for a graduated income tax. It is later struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court.
In 1912 "Tarzan of the Apes" by Edgar Rice Burroughs appears as a magazine article. The first Tarzan novel is published 2 years later.
In 1913 Lieutenant Peter Nestrov of the Imperial Russian Air Service performs a loop in a monoplane at Kieve, the first aerobatic maneuver in an airplane.
In 1921 The Green Bay Packers are granted a NFL franchise.
In 1928 60 nations agree to outlaw war with the Kellogg-Briand Pact.
In 1932 200,000 English textile workers go on strike.
In 1939 Erich Warsitz makes the first jet-propelled flight.
In 1942 During World War II, Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan and Italy.
In 1945 American troops begin occupying Japan following the surrender of the Japanese government during World War II.
In 1950 U.S. railroads are seized by the Army to prevent a strike.
In 1950 General Foods blacklists Jean Muir as a communist.
In 1955 The Guinness Book of World Records is first published and sold more than 70 million copies.
In 1962 Mariner II is launched to make the first Venus flyby.
In 1964 The Walt Disney movie "Mary Poppins" starring Julie Andrews and Dick Van Dyke is released in the U.S.
In 1965 Hurricane Betsy kills 75 in Southern Florida and Louisiana.
In 1966 Sir Francis Chichester begins the first solo sea voyage around the world.
In 1971 The first speedboat crosses the Atlantic.
In 1972 U.S. warplanes begin bombing Haiphong, North Vietnam's major port.
In 1975 Haile Selassie, the last emperor of Ethiopia's 3,000-year-old monarchy, dies in Addis Ababa at age 83.
In 1979 British war hero Lord Louis Mountbatten is killed off the coast of Ireland in a boat explosion claimed by the Irish Republican Army.
In 1981 Divers off Massachusetts begin work to recover a safe found aboard the remains of the luxury liner Andrea Doria which sank in 1956.
In 1982 Soyuz T-7 returns to Earth.
In 1985 The space shuttle Discovery blasts off from Cape Canaveral, FL, on a 7-day mission that included the launch of three satellites, and the retrieval, repair and redeployment of another.
In 1986 President Reagan's chief spokesman, Larry Speakes, says the administration was worried about new terrorist plots by Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi.
In 1990 52 Americans reach freedom in Turkey after they were allowed to leave Iraq.
In 1990 The U.S. State Department orders the expulsion of 36 Iraqi diplomats from Washington.
In 1991 Warning of impending "catastrophe," Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev threatened to resign unless the Soviet Union's splintering republics could at least preserve a military and economic alliance.
In 1991 In a split vote, the American Bar Association gives Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas a "qualified" rating.
In 1992 President Bush orders federal troops to Florida for emergency relief in the wake of Hurricane Andrew.
In 1992 President Bush warns Saddam Hussein that any Iraqi aircraft entering the new no-fly zone, protecting 7 million Shiites from attack, would be shot down.
In 1995 American and Chinese officials agree to begin planning a fall summit between President Clinton and Chinese President Jiang Zemin.
In 1996 California Governor Pete Wilson signs an executive order aimed at halting state benefits to illegal immigrants.
In 1996 Actor Greg Morris ("Mission Impossible") is found dead at his Las Vegas home; he was 61.
In 1997 Former Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy is charged with seeking and accepting more than $35,000 in trips, sports tickets and favors from companies that did business with his agency.
In 1999 The FCC announces new government wiretapping rules intended to help law enforcement authorities keep pace with advances in phone technology.
In 2000 Fire breaks out in Moscow's landmark Ostankino television tower, killing three.
In 2000 A botched Israeli military raid on an Islamic militant hide-out in the West Bank ends with three Israeli soldiers being accidentally killed by friendly fire.
In 2001 Israeli helicopters fire a pair of rockets through office windows killing senior PLO leader Mustafa Zibri.
In 2001 Peru's Congress lifts the constitutional immunity of former President Alberto Fujimori, so he could be charged with crimes against humanity.
In 2002 A Tokyo court acknowledges for the first time Japan's use of biological weapons before and during World War II.
In 2015 Wes Craven, the prolific horror filmmaker behind "A Nightmare on Elm Street" and the "Scream" movies, dies after a battle with brain cancer. He was 76.