Today In History...

In 1816 A 10-inch snowstorm hit New England, "the year of no summer."
In 1833 Andrew Johnson became the first U.S. president to ride a train.
In 1844 The Young Men's Christian Organization (YMCA) was founded in London.
In 1850 Levi Strauss made his first blue jeans.
In 1882 The electric iron was patented by Henry W. Seely.
In 1918 The World War I Battle of Belleau Wood, which resulted in a U.S. victory over the Germans, began in France.
In 1925 Walter Percy Chrysler founded Chrysler Corporation.
In 1932 U.S. Federal tax was enacted on gasoline.
In 1933 The first drive-in theatre opened in Camden, New Jersey.
In 1934 The Securities And Exchange Commission was established.
In 1936 Aviation gasoline is first produced commercially in Paulsboro, NJ.
In 1942 Adeline Gray made the first nylon parachute jump in Hartford, CT.
In194In 1942 During World War II, Japanese forces retreated in the Battle of Midway.
In 1944 The D-Day invasion of Europe occurred during World War II as Allied forces stormed the beaches of Normandy, France.
In 1946 Henry Morgan was the first to take off his shirt on television.
In 1966 Black activist James Meredith was shot and wounded as he walked along a Mississippi highway to encourage black voter registration.
In 1968 Senator Robert Kennedy died at 1:44am PT at Good Samaritan Hospital in Los Angeles, 25 1/2 hours after he was shot at the Ambassador Hotel by Sirhan Bishara Sirhan. He was 42.
In 1971 Soyuz 11 took 3 cosmonauts to the Salyut 1 space station.
In 1975 British voters decided to remain on the Common Market.
In 1977 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled states could not impose an automatic death sentence for defendants convicted of murdering a police officer.
In 1978 California voters overwhelmingly approved 1982 Israel invaded Lebanon to drive the Palestine Liberation Organization fighters out of the country. The Israelis withdrew in June 1985.
In 1983 A jury in Los Angeles decided in favor of CBS-TV anchorman Dan Rather and a CBS producer in a slander suit brought by a doctor who said he was defamed by a 1979 "60 Minutes" report.
In 1984 Government forces in India stormed the Golden Temple in Amritsar to crush Sikh extremists. At least 1,000 Sikhs and 200 soldiers were killed.
In 1985 Authorities in Embu, Brazil, exhumed a body later identified as the remains of Dr. Josef Mengele, the notorious "Angel of Death" of the Nazi Holocaust.
In 1986 President Reagan asked for $100 million in military and other assistance to rebels fighting the Nicaraguan government.
In 1988 Morton Thiolol Inc., which built the booster rocket involved in the 1986 Challenger explosion, announced it would not bid for the contract to build new rocket motors for the space shuttles.
In 1989 Ayatollah Khomeini was buried after an incident in which a mob of mourners dumped his body onto the ground and ripped souvenirs from his shroud.
In 1991 NATO issued a statement saying it would not accept any "coercion or intimidation" against the emerging democracies of Eastern Europe.
In 1991 NBC announced Jay Leno would replace Johnny Carson on May 25, 1992.
In 1993 The Golden Venture freighter holding 300 illegal aliens ran aground off New York; up to 10 Chinese died after jumping overboard.
In 1994 President Clinton and leaders from other World War II Allied nations celebrated the 50th anniversary of D-Day in Normandy, France.
In 1994 A Chinese passenger jet crashed, killing all 160 people.
In 1995 U.S. astronaut Norman Thagard broke NASA's space endurance record of 84 days, 1 hour, and 16 minutes aboard the Russian space station Mir.
In 1997 Timothy McVeigh's lawyer pleaded with a jury to spare the life of the convicted Oklahoma City bomber. (He was executed on 6-11-2001.)
In 1998 The UN Security Council demanded India and Pakistan refrain from further nuclear tests and sign atomic control agreements.
In 2000 Unilever agreed to buy Bestfoods for $20.3 billion, creating the world's biggest food company.
In 2001 Democrats formally assumed control of the U.S. Senate after Vermont Republican James Jeffords became an independent.
In 2001 A jury in Los Angeles awarded more than $3 billion to lifelong smoker Richard Boeken, saying Philip Morris was responsible for his incurable lung cancer. (The award was reduced to $100 million.)
In 2003 NBC secured the contracts for the 2010 and 2012 Olympics games for $2.2 billion.
In 2004 Phylicia Rashad, who starred in "A Raisin in the Sun," became the first black actress to win a Tony for a leading dramatic role.


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