Today In History...
In 1924 Native Americans are proclaimed U.S. citizens.
In 1940 France surrendered to Hitler during World War II.
In 1944 American forces began their successful invasion of Saipan in the Central Pacific during World War II.
In 1944 B-29 Superfortresses made their first raids on Japan, attacking a plant in Kyushu.
In 1960 The Billy Wilder movie "The Apartment," starring Jack Lemmon and Shirley MacLaine, opened in New York.
In 1967 Governor Ronald Reagan signed a liberalized California abortion bill.
In 1975 Soyuz 19 was launched.
In 1977 Spain held its first free elections since 1936.
In 1978 King Hussein of Jordan married 26-year-old American Elizabeth Halaby and proclaimed his bride Queen Noor al-Hussein.
In 1981 The Agriculture Department announced there would be a shortage of farmland by the year 2000 due to urbanization.
In 1985 On day two of the hijacking of TWA Flight 847, gunmen forced the jetliner to fly from Algeria to Lebanon, where the hijackers killed passenger Robert S. Stethem, a U.S. Navy diver.
In 1987 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled the impact of a murder on the victim's family may not be considered when a convicted killer faces a possible death sentence.
In 1988 Hong Kong announced during recent pro-democracy protests, Three Chinese workers in Shanghai were sentenced to death for helping to set fire to trains a clampdown on "boat people," saying Vietnamese refugees would be returned to Vietnam if they could not prove that they had fled religious or political persecution.
In 1990 The film "Dick Tracy" starring Warren Beatty and Madonna opened nationally.
In 1992 Russian President Boris Yeltsin arrived in the U.S. for a summit with President Bush.
In 1992 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the government may kidnap criminal suspects from a foreign country for prosecution.
In 1992 Vice President Dan Quayle erroneously instructed a Trento, New Jersey, elementary school student to spell "potato" as "potato" during a spelling bee.
In 1992 Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin arrived in the U.S. for a summit with President Bush.
In 1992 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled the government may kidnap criminal
In 1992 suspects were from a foreign country for prosecution.
In 1992 Vice President Dan Quayle, relying on a faulty flash card, erroneously instructed a Trenton, NJ, elementary school student to spell "potato" as "potato" during a spelling bee.
In 1993 Former Texas Governor John Connally, who had been wounded in the gunfire that killed President Kennedy, died at age 76.
In 1994 The most extensive study of breast implants showed no evidence they cause serious illness.
In 1994 Israel and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations.
In 1994 Former President Jimmy Carter arrived in North Korea on a private mission to try to reduce tensions with the communist nation.
In 1995 President Clinton met with Japanese Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama on the opening day of a Group of Seven summit in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
In 1995 At the O.J. Simpson murder trial, Simpson struggled to put on gloves that prosecutors said were worn the night Simpson's ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman, were killed.
In 1996 An Explosives-laden truck blew up in a retail district in central Manchester, England, injuring more than 200. The Irish Republican Army claims responsibility.
In 1996 A truck bomb blew up in a retail district of Manchester, England, injuring more than 200 people in an attack claimed by the Irish Republican Army.
In 1997 Leaders of eight developing Muslim nations inaugurated an economic cooperation group to fight poverty.
In 1997 Israel's Supreme Court rejected an appeal to charge Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu with fraud in an influence-peddling scandal that had threatened to topple his government.
In 1998 Two U.S. fighter jets joined NATO in a show of power to persuade Yugoslav leaders to back down in Kosovo.
In 1998 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that state prison inmates are protected by the Americans with Disabilities Act.
In 1999 Vessels from North Korea and South Korea clashed on the Yellow Sea. About 30 North Korean sailors are believed to have died.
In 1999 A 6.7 earthquake in central Mexico killed at least 17 people.
In 2000 Vice President Al Gore names Commerce Secretary William Daley to take over his presidential campaign.
In 2002 A Houston jury convicted accounting firm Arthur Andersen of obstruction of justice in connection with the collapse of energy trader Enron.
In 2004 Tim Berners-Lee received the $1.2 million Millennium Technology Prize in Helsinki, Finland, for creating the World Wide Web.