Today In History...
In 1693 The first woman's magazine, "The Ladies' Mercury," is Joseph and Hyrum Smiths, was published in London.
In 1844, a mob in Carthage, Illinois, killed a Mormon leader.
In 1847 New York and Boston were linked by telegraph wires.
In 1893 The New York stock market crashed.
In 1934 The Federal Savings And Loan Association was created.
In 1942 The FBI announced the capture of eight Nazi saboteurs who had been put ashore from a submarine off New York's Long Island.
In 1944 During World War II, American forces completed their capture of the French port of Cherbourg from the Germans.
In 1945 The Federal Communications Commission allocated 13 channels for television (channel 1 is reallocated for noncommercial use).
In 1950 President Harry Truman ordered the Air Force and Navy into the Korean conflict following a call from the UN Security Council for member nations to help South Korea repel an invasion from the North.
In 1955 The first seat belt legislation was enacted in Illinois.
In 1957 500 people are killed by Hurricane Audrey in coastal Texas and Louisiana.
In 1966 The sci-fi soap "Dark Shadows" debuted on ABC-TV.
In 1969 Patrons at the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York City's Greenwich Village, clashed with police during a raid, an incident considered a landmark of the gay rights movement.
In 1973 Former White House counsel John W. Dean told the Senate Watergate Committee about the existence of an "enemies list" kept by the White House.
In 1977 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that attorneys may advertise.
In 1978 Soyuz 30 was launched.
In 1980 President Carter signed 1984 The U.S. Supreme Court ended the NCAA monopoly on college football telecasts.
In 1985 The legendary Route 66, which originally stretched from Chicago to Santa Monica, CA, passed into history as officials decertified the road.
In 1986 The International Court of Justice at The Hague ruled that the U.S. had broken international law and violated the sovereignty of Nicaragua by aiding the contras.
In 1986 Ireland voted to retain their law against divorce.
In 1987 U.S. Supreme Court Justice Powell retired.
In 1988 Mike Tyson retained the undisputed heavyweight crown as he knocked out Michael Spinks 91 seconds into the first round in Atlantic City.
In 1988 57 people were killed in the collision of two trains in Paris.
In 1989, President Bush nonsupport a Constitutional Amendment prohibiting he would burn the U.S. Flag.
In 1990 NASA announced that a flaw in the orbiting Hubble Space Telescope prevented the instrument from achieving optimum focus.
In 1991 U.S. Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, the first black to sit on the nation's highest court, announced his retirement.
In 1991 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that juries considering life or death for convicted murderers may consider the victim's character and the suffering of relatives.
In 1992 Authorities found the body of kidnapped Exxon executive Sidney J. Reso buried in a makeshift grave in Bass River State Park in New Jersey.
In 1994 U.S. Coast Guard cutters intercepted 1,330 Haitian boat people on the high seas on one of the busiest days since refugees began leaving Haiti following a 1991 military coup.
1994 President Clinton replaced White House Chief of Staff Mack McLarty with budget director Leon Panetta.
In 1995 The space shuttle Atlantis blasted off on a historic flight to link up with Russia's space station Mir and bring home American astronaut Norman Thagard.
In 1995 The San Francisco Chronicle received a threat from the Unabomber to blow up a plane by the July 4th weekend, prompting tight security measures (the Unabomber later called the threat a prank).
In 1996 A Dallas police officer was charged with trying to hire a hitman to kill Dallas Cowboys wide receiver, Michael Irvin. (Johnnie Hernandez later pleaded guilty to solicitation of capital murder.)
In 1997 The U.S. Supreme Court threw out a portion of the Brady gun-control law, ruling the federal government could not make local police decide whether people are fit to buy handguns. However, the court left intact the 5-day waiting period for gun purchases.
In 1998 An Englishwoman was impregnated with her dead husband's sperm after a 2-year legal battle over her right to the sperm.
In 1998 An earthquake in Ceyhan, Turkey, killed 2001 Actor Jack Lemmon died of cancer in Los Angeles at age 76.
In 2003 More than 735,000 phone numbers were registered on the first day of a national do-not-call list to bloc unwelcome solicitations from telemarketers.