Today In History...
In 1776 George Washington receives an honorary doctor of laws degree from Harvard College.
In 1860 The legendary Pony Express begins service between St. Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, California.
In 1865 During the Civil War, Union Forces occupy the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia.
In 1866 The hat shaping machine is patented by Rudolph Eickemeyer and G. Osterheld.
In 1882 Notorious outlaw Jesse James is shot and killed in St. Joseph, Missouri, by Robert Ford, a member of his own gang.
In 1936 Bruno Hauptmann, convicted for kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby, is executed.
In 1946 Lt. General Masaharu Homma, the Japanese officer responsible for the Bataan Death March during World War II, is executed.
In 1948 President Harry S. Truman signs the Marshall Plan, which allocated more than $5 billion in aid to Europe.
In 1953 TV Guide is founded by Walter Annenberg. Selling for 15 cents a copy, the first cover featured Desi Jr., the son of Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz.
In 1961 Washington, DC, residents are given presidential vote by the 23rd amendment to the U.S. constitution.
In 1964 The United States and Panama agree to resume diplomatic relations.
In 1966 USSR's Luna 10 becomes the first craft to orbit the Moon.
In 1968 North Vietnam meets with the U.S. and agrees to set up preliminary peace talks.
In 1974 Soyuz 14 is launched.
In 1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat meets with President Jimmy Carter.
In 1979 Jane Byrne becomes the first woman to be elected mayor of Chicago, defeating Republican Wallace D. Johnson.
In 1980 The Prime Interest Rate hits 20%.
In 1982 Britain dispatches a naval task force to the south Atlantic to reclaim the disputed Falkland Islands, which had been seized by Argentina.
In 1983 The longest car ramp jump record is set at 232 feet.
In 1983 The cucumber slicing record is set at 244 slices from a foot-long cucumber in 13.4 seconds.
In 1983 Final preparations are made for the maiden launch of the space shuttle Challenger, which was to take four astronauts in orbit.
In 1984 Soyuz T-11 carries 3 cosmonauts to orbiting Salyut 7.
In 1985 The landmark Brown Derby restaurant in Hollywood closes its doors after 56 years in business.
In 1986 President Reagan condemns the previous day's bombing of TWA Flight 840 over Greece that left four Americans dead, calling it a "barbaric, wanton act of international terrorism."
In 1988 Secretary of State George P. Schultz arrives in Israel to launch a fresh U.S. peace initiative.
In 1989 The herring season is cancelled in Alaska when oil from the Exxon Valdez spreads into the Prince William Sound.
In 1990 A delegation from the rebellious republic of Lithuania meets with an adviser to Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev.
In 1990 The U.S. Senate overwhelmingly approves comprehensive clean-air legislation.
In 1991 The UN Security Council passes a cease-fire resolution to end the Persian Gulf War.
In 1991 English novelist Graham Greene dies at age 86.
In 1992 President George Bush, during an appearance in Philadelphia, said members of Congress should shorten their annual sessions and retire after 12 years in office.
In 1993 President Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin open a weekend summit in Vancouver, British Columbia, beginning their talks after a luncheon with Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.
In 1994 In his Easter Sunday address, Pope John Paul II expresses hope that the joy of Christianity would overwhelm violence and hate.
In 1994 A memorial service is held at the site of the Goshen United Methodist Church in Alabama for the 20 people who were killed when a tornado leveled the building a week earlier.
In 1994 Charles Kuralt hosts CBS's "Sunday Morning" for the last time.
In 1995 Baseball players and owners sign an agreement calling for a schedule of at least 144 games.
In 1995 Former United Way of America President William Aramony is convicted of 25 counts of fraud for stealing nearly $600,000 from the nation's biggest charity.
In 1996 An Air Force jetliner carrying U.S. Commerce Secretary Ron Brown and American business executives crashes near Dubrovnik, Croatia, killing all 35 people aboard.
In 1996 Suspected Unabomber Theodore John Kaczynski is arrested at his cabin near Lincoln, MT.
In 1996 Mayor Carl Stokes, the first black elected mayor of a major U.S. city, dies at age 68.
In 1997 About 2000 children in California and Georgia receive hepatitis shots to protect them from a contaminated shipment of frozen strawberries.
In 1999 NATO missiles strike downtown Belgrade for the first time, destroying the headquarters of security forces accused of waging a campaign against Kosovo Albanians.
In 2000 A federal judge finds Microsoft had violated the Sherman Antitrust Act and attempted to monopolize the web browser market.