Today In History...
In 1813 The British burned Buffalo, New York, during the War of 1812.
In 1837 Canadian militiamen destroyed the Caroline, a U.S. steamboat docked at Buffalo, New York.
In 1845 Texas became the 28th U.S. state.
In 1848 Gas lights are installed at the White House for the first time.
In 1851 The first Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) chapter opened in Boston, MA.
In 1890 The Wounded Knee massacre took place in South Dakota. 300 Sioux Indians are killed by U.S. troops sent to disarm them.
In 1913 The first movie serial, "The Adventures of Kathlyn," premiered in Chicago, Illinois.
In 1934 Japan renounced the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.
In 1940 During World War II, Germany began dropping incendiary bombs on London, England.
In 1949 The first UHF TV station began regular operations in Bridgeport, Connecticut.
In 1952 The first transistorized hearing aid was offered for sale in Elmsford, New York.
In 1975 11 were killed, and 75 were hurt when a terrorist bomb exploded at LaGuardia Airport in New York City.
In 1983 The Rev. Jesse Jackson left New York on his successful mission to Syria to secure the release of U.S. Navy pilot Robert O. Goodman Jr., who had been shot down during a raid in Lebanon.
In 1984 Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi claimed victory in parliamentary elections as his Congress Party captured more than a two-thirds majority in the lower house of Parliament.
In 1985 2 days after terrorists murdered 20 civilians at the Rome and Vienna airports in Italy, Libya's Khadafi called them "heroes."
In 1986 Former British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan died at age 92.
In 1987 Cosmonaut Yuri Romanenko ended a record 326 days in space.
In 1987 NASA delayed the planned June launch of the space shuttle -- the first since the Challenger disaster -- because a motor component failed during a test-firing of the redesigned booster rocket.
In 1988 The FAA, responding to the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103, announced tightened security measures for U.S. air carriers at 103 airports in the Middle East and Western Europe.
In 1989 Playwright Vaclav Havel was elected president of Czechoslovakia by the country's Federal Assembly, becoming the first non-communist to hold the post in over forty years.
In 1991 Following the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian President Boris Yeltsin announced that Russia would create its own army.
In 1992 Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello resigned.
In 1992 New York Governor Mario Cuomo commuted the sentence of Jean Harris, the convicted killer of "Scarsdale Diet" author Herman Tarnower.
In 1992 David and Sharon Schoo of St. Charles, IL, were arrested at O'Hare International Airport as they returned from vacation for leaving their young daughters at home alone.
In 1992 The United States and Russia announced an agreement on a nuclear arms reduction treaty.
In 1994 U.S. officials confirmed the release in North Korea of Army helicopter pilot Bobby Hall, 12 days after he was captured in a shootdown in which co-pilot David Hileman was killed.
In 1995 Japan's finance minister announced the resignation of the deputy finance minister over several scandals, including the ministry's cover-up of trading losses at Daiwa Bank's New York office.
In 1996 Government leaders in Guatemala signed an accord ending 36 years of civil conflict.
In 1996 North Korea apologized for sending a spy submarine into South Korean waters.
In 1997 Hong Kong began killing 1.4 million chickens to stem the spread of the mysterious bird flu that had already killed four people.
In 2001 A fire sparked by a fireworks explosion in downtown Lima, Peru, killed 274 people.
In 2003 Actor Earl Hindman, who'd played the primarily unseen neighbor Wilson on "Home Improvement," died at age 61.