Today In History...
In 1642 The English civil war began with King Charles I branding Parliament and its soldiers as traitors.
In 1654 Jacob Barsimson, said to be the first Jewish immigrant to America, landed in New Amsterdam.
In 1692 Eight accused "witches" were executed in Salem, Massachusetts.
In1762In 1762, Ann Franklin became the first female editor of an American newspaper, the Newport, RI, Mercury.
In 1775 England's King George III proclaimed the American colonies in a state of open rebellion.
In 1787 Inventor John Fitch demonstrated his steamboat on the Delaware River to delegates of the Continental Congress.
In 1846 The U.S. annexed New Mexico.
In 1851 Goldfields are discovered in Australia.
In 1851 The schooner America outraced the Aurora off the English coast to win a trophy that came to be known as the America's Cup.
In 1864 The Geneva Convention was signed by 12 nations.
In 1902 President Theodore Roosevelt became the first U.S. chief executive to ride in an automobile in Hartford, CT.
In 1906 The mechanical Victrola phonograph was patented.
In 1910 Japan formally annexed Korea.
In 1941 Nazi troops reached the outskirts of the Soviet city of Leningrad during World War II.
In 1956 President Eisenhower and Vice President Nixon were nominated for second terms in office by the Republican national convention in San Francisco.
In 1963 NASA's X-15 attained an altitude of 67 miles.
In 1965 Romania became a Soviet Socialist Republic under the virtual dictatorship of Nicolae Ceausescu.
In 1968 Pope Paul VI arrived in Bogota, Colombia, for the start of the first papal visit to Latin America.
In1972In 1972, Rhodesia was asked to withdraw from the 20th Olympic Summer Games because of its racial policies.
In 1980 The record for coconut tree climbing was set when 17-year-old Fuatai Solo ascended a 29.5-foot tree barefoot in 4.88 seconds.
In 1984 President Ronald Reagan and Vice President George Bush were renominated at the Republican national convention.
In 1985 21 workers at a Mount Vernon, NY, printing plant won a whopping $41 million in the lottery.
In 1986, Kerr-McGee Corp. agreed to pay the late Karen Silkwood's estate $1.38 million, settling a 10-year-old nuclear contamination lawsuit.
In 1987, Federal judges ruled that Tennessee parents can not keep children out of public school over objectable textbook material.
In 1988 "Later with Bob Costas" debuts on NBC-TV.
In 1989 Colombia's foreign minister discouraged any military intervention by the U.S. in the struggle against that country's drug barons.
In 1989 Black Panther co-founder Huey P. Newton was shot to death on a street in Oakland, CA. The gunman, Tyrone Robinson, was later sentenced to 32 years to life in prison.
In 1990 Scores of angry smokers blocked the street near Moscow's Red Square for hours in protest of a summer-long cigarette shortage.
In 1990 President Bush signed an order calling up reservists to bolster the U.S. military buildup in the Persian Gulf.
In 1991 Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev returned to Moscow following the collapse of the hard-liners' coup.
In 1992 Canadian leaders agreed on a package of constitutional reforms for the most fundamental overhaul in the Confederation's history.
In 1993 NASA engineers continued trying, without success, to re-establish contact with the Mars Observer a day after losing connection.
In 1994 Ernesto Zedillo of Mexico's ruling party declared his victory as president a day after his leading opponents charged the election was unfair.
In 1995 Congressman Mel Reynolds was convicted on charges of criminal sexual assault, sexual abuse, child pornography, and obstruction of justice for having sex with a former campaign worker while she was underage. (Reynolds was sentenced to five years in prison.)
In 1996 President Clinton signed a welfare reform bill ending guaranteed cash payments to people experiencing poverty and demanding work from recipients.
In 1997 A federal official threw out the Teamsters election over alleged campaign fundraising abuses, forcing union President Ron Carey into another race against James P. Hoffa.
In 1998 President Clinton signed an executive order putting Osama bin Laden's Islamic Army on a list of terrorist groups.
In 1999 Hurricane "Bret" hit the Texas Gulf Coast with winds over 100 mph.
In 1999 A China Airlines jet burst into flames at Hong Kong's new airport, killing three and injuring more than 200.
In 2000 Publishers Clearing House agreed to pay $18 million to 24 states to settle allegations it used deceptive promotions in its mailings.
In 2001 Republican North Carolina Senator Jesse Helms announced he would not seek re-election the following year.
In 2001 Space Shuttle Discovery landed, returning three who had spent nearly six months aboard the international space station.
In 2003 Alabama's chief justice, Roy Moore, was suspended for his refusal to obey a federal court order to remove his Ten Commandments monument from the dome of his courthouse.
In 2003 In Brazil, a rocket exploded on its launch pad during tests just days before liftoff, killing 21 people.
In 2004 As shocked spectators watched, armed thieves stole one of four versions of the Edvard Munch masterpiece "The Scream" and a second Munch painting, "Madonna," from the Munch Museum in Oslo, Norway.