Today In History...
In 1678 Robert LaSalle built the first ship in America, the "Griffon."
In 1894 Workers at the Pullman Palace Car Co., their strike broken, ended their walkout.
In 1914 Germany declared war on France.
In 1921 Baseball commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis refused to reinstate the former Chicago White Sox players implicated in the "Black Sox" scandal, even though they were acquitted by a jury.
In 1923 Calvin Coolidge was sworn in as the 30th U.S. president following the death of Warren G. Harding.
In 1936 The U.S. State Department urged Americans in Spain to leave because of that country's civil war.
In 1943 During World War II, General George S. Patton slapped a soldier at an Army hospital in Sicily, accusing him of cowardice. Patton was later ordered to apologize by General Dwight D. Eisenhower.
In 1948 Whittaker Chambers, a former Communist, publicly accused former State Department official Alger Hiss of having been a part of a Communist underground, a charge Hiss denied.
In 1949 The National Basketball Association was formed by a merger of the Basketball Association of America and the National Basketball League.
In 1958, The U.S.S. Nautilus became the first underwater vessel to cross the North Pole.
In 1966 Comedian Lenny Bruce died of a morphine overdose.
In 1970 Hurricane Celia produced wind gusts of 180mph near Corpus Christi, Texas, killing eleven.
In 1975 The New Orleans Superdome officially opened.
In 1980 Closing ceremonies were held in Moscow for the 1980 Summer Olympic Games, which were boycotted by dozens of countries, including the United States.
In 1981 Air traffic controllers went on strike, despite a warning from President Reagan that they would be fired.
In 1983 John Sain of South Bend, Indiana, built a 3.91m house out of cards.
In 1983 President Reagan apologized in person to a professional women's group for a canceled White House tour.
In 1984 365.7 million shares are traded on the New York Stock Exchange.
In 1984 At the Los Angeles Summer Olympics, Mary Lou Retton won the gold medal in the individual all-around event in women's gymnastics by scoring a perfect 10 on the vault in her final routine.
In 1987 A record heat wave caused 100 deaths in the Midwest and East.
In 1987 The Iran-Contra hearings ended, with none of the 29 witnesses tying President Reagan directly to the diversion of arms-sales profits to Nicaraguan rebels.
In 1988 The Soviet Union released Mathias Rust, the young West German pilot who landed a light plane in Moscow's Red Square.
In 1989 Hashemi Rafsanjani was sworn in as president of Iran.
In 1989 Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon suspended their threat to execute another American hostage 3 days after the hanging of Lt. Col. William R. Higgins.
In 1990 A day after Iraq invaded Kuwait, thousands of Iraqi soldiers pushed within a few miles of the border of Saudi Arabia.
In 1992 The U.S. Senate voted to sharply restrict and eventually end U.S. testing of nuclear weapons.
In 1993 The Senate voted 96-3 to confirm Supreme Court nominee Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
In 1993 The body of basketball star Michael Jordan's father, James Jordan, was found in a South Carolina creek 11 days after he was slain; his remains weren't identified until August 13.
In 1994 Arkansas carried out the nation's first triple execution in 32 years.
In 1994 Stephen G. Breyer was sworn in as the U.S. Supreme Court's newest justice.
In 1995 Palestinian Eyad Ismoil was flown to the U.S. from Jordan to face charges he'd driven a bomb-laden van into New York's World Trade Center. (Ismoil is now serving a life sentence.)
In 1996 At the Atlanta Olympics, the U.S. men's 400-meter relay, without Carl Lewis, failed to win the gold medal, finishing behind Canada. The American women's 400 and 1,600 relay teams and the men's 1,600 beat gold.
In 1997 The Teamsters struck against UPS after talks broke down with the nation's largest package delivery service.
In 1999 Arbitrators ruled the government had to pay the heirs of Dallas dressmaker Abraham Zapruder $16 million for his movie film that captured the assassination of President Kennedy.
In 2000 George W. Bush accepted the presidential nomination at the Republican convention.
In 2002 Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian declared Taiwan an independent country separate from China.
In 2003 Annika Sorenstam completed a career Grand Slam at the Women's British Open, beating Se Ri Pak.
In200In 2004, The Statue of Liberty pedestal in New York City reopens to the public for the first time since the September 11 attacks.