Today In History...

In 1639 Jonas Bronck settled in what is now Bronx, New York.
In 1778 Captain Cook passed through the Bering Strait.
In 1790 The Columbia returned to Boston Harbor after a 3-year voyage, becoming the first ship to carry the American flag worldwide.
In 1842, the Webster-Ashburton Treaty resolved A border dispute between the U.S. and Canada.
In 1848, The Free-Soil Party nominated Martin Van Buren for president at its Buffalo, New York convention.
In 1854 Henry David Thoreau published "Walden," in which he described his experiences while living in a small cabin near Walden Pond in Massachusetts.
In 1902 Edward VII was crowned King of England following the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
In 1930 The cartoon character Betty Boop debuted in Max Fleischer's animated short "Dizzy Dishes."
In 1936 Jesse Owens won his fourth gold medal in the Berlin Olympics as the U.S. took first place in the 400-meter relay.
In1942In 1942, Britain arrested Indian nationalist Mohandas K. Gandhi; he was not released until 1944.
In 1944 258 black American sailors based at Port Chicago, CA, refused to load a munitions ship three weeks after another vessel exploded, killing 320 men, two-thirds of them black.
In 1945 An American B-25 dropped the second atomic bomb on Japan, destroying part of Nagasaki and killing an estimated 74,000 people.
In 1956 South African women demonstrated against passing laws.
In 1965 Singapore gained its independence from Malaysia (National Day).
In 1965 A missle silo explosion kills 53 at Searcy, Arkansas.
In 1969 Actress Sharon Tate and four other people were found brutally murdered in Tate's Los Angeles home. Cult leader Charles Manson and his young disciples were convicted of the crime.
In 1973 The USSR launched Mars 7.
In 1974 President Richard Nixon's resignation took effect, and Gerald R. Ford became the 38th U.S. president.
In 1978 After 11 years, "The Carol Burnett Show" aired for the last time on CBS TV.
In 1985 A federal judge in Norfolk, VA, found retired Navy officer Arthur J. Walker guilty of seven counts of spying for the Soviet Union.
In 1988 President Reagan nominated Lauro Cavazos to be U.S. Secretary of Education, the first Hispanic to serve in the Cabinet.
In 1988 Hockey star Wayne Gretzky of the Edmonton Oilers is traded, at his request, to the Los Angeles Kings.
In 1989 President Bush signed a Savings And Loan rescue bill estimated to cost $166 billion over 10 years to clean up the S&L mess.
In 1989 Toshiki Kaifu was elected prime minister of Japan, succeeding Sousuke Uno.
In 1989 In Mexico, a train fell into the San Rafael River after a bridge collapsed, killing 112 people.
In 1990 A week after Iraq invaded Kuwait, Western European diplomats and Arab witnesses reported that Iraq had virtually sealed its borders, preventing thousands of foreigners from leaving Iraq or Kuwait.
In 1991 In South Africa, hundreds of police battled neo-Nazis as extremists tried to stop a speech by President F.W. de Klerk.
In 1992 Closing ceremonies were held for the Barcelona Summer Olympics, with the Unified Team of former Soviet Republics winning 112 medals, the U.S. 108.
In 1993 Reputed "Hollywood Madam" Heidi Fleiss, accused of running a high-priced prostitution ring, pleaded innocent in a Los Angeles courtroom. (Fleiss eventually claimed guilty to attempted pandering.)
In 1994 A divided U.S. Senate opened a formal debate on legislation to provide health insurance for millions of Americans without it.
In 1997 An Amtrak train with nearly 350 people aboard derailed on a bridge near Kingman, AZ; more than 100 were injured.
In 1998 Engineers dynamite levees along the Yangtze River to ease the worst floods in 44 years that killed more than 2,000 Chinese.
In 1999 Russian President Boris Yeltsin dismissed Prime Minister Sergei Stepashin and the entire Cabinet, marking the fourth time in 17 months he had fired the government.
In2000In 2000 Bridgestone/Firestone announced a voluntary safety recall of 6.5 million tires implicated in at least 46 deaths.
In 2002 Oscar-winner Charlton Heston, 78, revealed that doctors had told him he had symptoms consistent with Alzheimer's.
In 2002 Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants hit his 600th homer, becoming the fourth major leaguer to reach the mark.
In 2003 Dancer/actor Gregory Hines died at age 57.
In 2004 Oklahoma City bombing conspirator Terry Nichols, addressing a court for the first time, asked victims of the blast for forgiveness as a judge sentenced him to 161 consecutive life sentences.


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