Today In History...
In 1838, One of the first colleges for women, Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in South Hadley, MA, graduated its first students.
In 1889, The first ship-to-shore wireless message was received.
In 1914, Japan declared war on Germany during World War I.
1919,1919 1919 The comic strip "Gasoline Alley" premieres in the Chicago Tribune.
In 1926, Silent film star Rudolph Valentino died in New York at age 31.
In 1927, Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were executed in Boston for the murders of two men during a 1920 payroll robbery in a case that had drawn widespread controversy.
In 1939 Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed a non-aggression treaty.
In1942InIn 1942, Some 600 Luftwaffe bombers killed 40,000 at Stalingrad during World War II.
In 1944, Romanian Prime Minister Ion Antonescu was overthrown, paving the way for his country to abandon the Axis in favor of the Allies.
In 1955, 1955 1955 1955 The first one-day round-trip between New York and London was made.
In 1960, Broadway librettist Oscar Hammerstein II died in Doylestown, PA.
In the 1966 Lunar Orbiter, I took the first photograph of planet Earth from the moon.
In 1972, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew was nominated for a second term at the Republican National Convention in Miami, Florida.
In 1973, The Intelsat communications satellite was launched.
In 1977, The first man-powered airplane, the Gossamer Condor, made its historic 1.4-mile flight.
In 1979, Soviet dancer Alexander Godunov defected in New York.
In 1982, Lebanon's parliament elected Christian militia leader Bashir Gemayel president. (Gemayel was assassinated 3 weeks later.)
In 1984, President Reagan accepted the nomination of the Republican National Convention in Dallas.
In 1985, The head of West German counter-espionage, Hans Joachim Tiedge, defects to East Germany.
In 1986, Sylvia Brett, 80, became the world's oldest parachute jumper.
In 1986, Gennadiy Zakharov, a physicist assigned to the United Nations, was arrested by the FBI and charged with espionage.
In 1988, Striking workers in Poland ended a walkout that had begun a week earlier. However, about 125 miners barricaded themselves in an underground shaft, vowing to stay until they'd won their demands.
In 1989, In a case that raised racial tensions, Yusuf Hawkins, a 16-year-old black youth, was shot to death after he and his friends were confronted by a gang of white children in Brooklyn, New York.
In 1990, Iraqi state television showed President Saddam Hussein meeting with a group of about 20 Western detainees, telling them that they were being held "to prevent the scourge of war."
In 1991, In the wake of the failed hard-liner coup, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin acted to strip the Communist Party of its power.
In 1992, Hurricane Andrew slammed into the Bahamas with 120 mph winds.
In 1992, Secretary of State James A. Baker III resigned to become White House chief of staff.
In 1993, Former Detroit police officers Larry Nevers and Walter Budzyn were convicted of second-degree murder in the fatal beating of black motorist Malice Green; both received prison terms.
In 1995, Life magazine photographer Alfred Eisenstaedt died at age 96.
In 1996, New FDA regulations declared nicotine an addictive drug. That same day, an Indianapolis jury found cigarette companies were not responsible for the lung cancer death of a 52-year-old lawyer who began smoking at age 5.
In 1998, Boris Yeltsin again dismissed the Russian government, replacing his prime minister, Sergei Kiriyenko, with Viktor Chernomyrdin, the Soviet-style leader he'd fired 5 months earlier.
In 1999, The Dow Jones industrial average soared 199.15 to a new record of 11,209.84.
In 1999, 50 years after the German government moved to the capital of Bonn, Berlin reclaimed its role as a center of power in Germany with the arrival of Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder.
In 2000, A Gulf Air Airbus crashed into the Persian Gulf near Bahrain, killing all 143 people aboard.
In 2000, Verizon and more than 35,000 telephone workers reached a tentative agreement, ending an 18-day strike.
In 2002, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il made his second visit to Russia in a year, meeting with President Vladimir Putin.
In 2002, New York publicist Lizzie Grubman pleaded guilty to a hit-and-run crash that injured 16 people outside a Hamptons nightclub.
In 2003, Former priest John Geoghan, the convicted child molester whose prosecution sparked the sex abuse scandal that shook the Roman Catholic Church, died after another inmate attacked him.
In 2004, In Athens, Jeremy Wariner became the sixth consecutive American to win the Olympic title in the 400 meters, leading a U.S. sweep of the medals.