Today In History...
In 1892 William "Pudge" Heffelfinger becomes the first professional football player when he is paid $25 for expenses and a cash bonus of $500.
In 1906 Crafton, California, sets the U.S. November high temperature record of 105 degrees.
In 1920 Judge Kennesaw Landis is elected the first baseball commissioner of both the American and National Leagues.
In 1921 Representatives of nine nations gather in the nation's capital for the start of the Washington Conference for Limitation of Armaments.
In 1927 Josef Stalin becomes the undisputed ruler of the Soviet Union as Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Communist Party.
In 1933 The first Sunday football game in Philadelphia (previously illegal).
In 1933 First purported photo of the Loch Ness monster "Nessie," is taken.
In 1942 The naval Battle of Guadalcanal begins during World War II as the U.S. won a major victory over the Japanese.
In 1944 German battleship Tirpitz is sunk off Norway during World War II.
In 1946 The "autobank" (banking by car) is established in Chicago.
In 1946 First artificial snow for skiing is made at Mount Greylock, MA.
In 1946 Walt Disney's feature film "Song Of The South" is released.
In 1948 Former Japanese premier Hideki Tojo and several other World War II Japanese leaders are sentenced to death by a war crimes tribunal.
In 1954 Ellis Island, the immigration station in New York Harbour, closes after processing more than 20 million immigrants since 1892.
In 1975 U.S. Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas retires due to failing health ending a record 36 1/2-year term.
In 1977 New Orleans elects its first black mayor, Ernest "Dutch" Morial.
In 1980 U.S. space probe Voyager I approaches 77,000 miles of Saturn.
In 1980 Shuttle Columbia is the first spacecraft to be launched twice.
In 1982 Yuri V. Andropov succeeds the late Leonid Brezhnev as general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee.
In 1983 Pope John Paul II urges world scientists to stop weapons research.
In 1984 Space shuttle Discovery astronauts Dale Gardner and Joe Allen catch a wandering satellite, producing history's first space salvage.
In 1985 Arthur James Walker, a retired Navy lieutenant commander, is sentenced in Norfolk, VA, to life in prison for his role in a spy ring run by his brother, John A. Walker Jr.
In 1985 Xavier Suarez is elected Miami's first Cuban-American mayor.
In 1986 Iran's UN ambassador, Said Rajaie-Khorassani, denies his government had arranged for the release of hostages in Lebanon in exchange for U.S.-made arms.
In 1987 The American Medical Association issues a policy statement saying it is unethical for a doctor to refuse to treat someone solely because that person has AIDS.
In 1990 Actress Eve Arden dies at the age of 82.
In 1990 Japanese Emperor Akihito formally assumes the Chrysanthemum Throne.
In 1991 Robert Gates is sworn in as the Director of the CIA.
In 1992 In his first formal post-election news conference, President-elect Clinton presents a blueprint for action once he took office.
In 1994 The U.S. says it will no longer enforce arms embargo against the Bosnian government.
In 1994 Olympic track-and-field gold medalist Wilma Rudolph dies at age 54.
In 1995 Israel's ruling Labor Party unanimously approves Shimon Peres as its new leader, replacing slain Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.
In 1995 The space shuttle Atlantis blasts off on a mission to dock with the Russian space station Mir.
In 1996 A Saudi Boeing 747 jetliner collides shortly after takeoff from New Delhi, India, with a Kazak Ilyushin-76 cargo plane, killing 349.
In 1996 Jonathan Schmitz, a guest on "The Jenny Jones Show," is convicted of second-degree murder for shooting Scott Amedure, a gay man who'd revealed a crush on Schmitz during a taping of the program.
In 1997 Ramzi Yousef is found guilty of masterminding the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center.
In 1999 President Clinton signs a measure allowing banks, investment firms and insurance companies to sell each other's products.
In 1999 An earthquake strikes western Turkey, killing at least 834 people.
In 2000 Leah Rabin, an outspoken campaigner for Mideast peace following the 1995 assassination of her husband, former Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, dies at age 72.
In 2001 An American Airlines Airbus A300-600, en route from New York's JFK International Airport to the Dominican Republic, crashes 103seconds after takeoff, killing 265 people.
In 2002 Former FBI Director William Webster resigns under pressure as head of a special accounting oversight board created by Congress to rebuild public confidence shaken by a cascade of business scandals.