Today In History...
In 1752 The first U.S. fire insurance policy is issued, in Philadelphia.
In 1858 Minnesota becomes the 32nd U.S. state.
In 1910 Glacier National Park in Montana is established.
In 1929 The first regularly scheduled TV broadcasts begin (3 nights per week).
In 1943 During World War II, American forces land on Japanese-held Attu island in the Aleutians.
In 1946 The World War II relief agency Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe had its start as the first "CARE" package arrived in Europe.
In 1947 B.F. Goodrich announces the development of the tubeless tire.
In 1949 Israel is admitted to the United Nations as the 59th member.
In 1949 Siam changes its name to Thailand.
In 1951 Jay Forrester patents computer core memory.
In 1953 A tornado kills 114 in Waco, Texas.
In 1970 Two tornados kill 28 in Lubbock, Texas.
In 1973 Charges against Daniel Ellsberg for his role in the "Pentagon Papers" case is dismissed by a judge who cited misconduct.
In 1975 Israel signs an agreement with The European Economic Market.
In 1980 Wayne Newton buys the Aladdin Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada.
In 1982 Abigail Van Buren admits to re-using letters in her column.
In 1983 Secretary of State George P. Shultz returns to Washington from the Mideast, expressing confidence Syria would withdraw its troops from Lebanon along with Israeli forces.
In 1984 Eight teen-agers are killed when fire broke out inside the Haunted Castle attraction at the Six Flags Great Adventure Park in Jackson Township, New Jersey.
In 1985 A flash-fire at a soccer stadium in Bradford, England, kills 56.
In 1986 The unofficial bicycle speed record of is set at 65 mph.
In 1987 In a medical first, doctors in Baltimore, MD, transplant the heart and lungs of an auto accident victim to patient who gives up his own heart to a second recipient.
In 1987 Former National Security Adviser Robert C. McFarlane begins testifying at the Iran-Contra hearings.
In 1987 The trial of former Gestapo official Klaus Barbie begins in Lyons, France.
In 1988 Spy Harold "Kim" Philby, the notorious "Third Man" of a British espionage ring, dies in the Soviet Union at age 76.
In 1989 Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev proposes that each side reduce strength in Europe by a million men.
In 1989 Kenya said it would seek a worldwide ban on the trade of ivory to preserve its fast-dwindling elephant herds.
In 1992 Twelve European countries recall their ambassadors from Serb-dominated Yugoslavia to protest Serb involvement in Bosina's ethnic war.
In 1993 The Senate approves the so-called "motor voter" bill, designed to make voter registration easier.
In 1993 ValuJet Flight 592 reports smoke in the cockpit shortly after takeoff for Atlanta and attempts to turn around but crashes into the Everglades, killing 104 passengers and five crew members.
In 1994 Arkansas puts to death two convicted murderers; it was the first time a state executed two people on the same day since the U.S. Supreme Court allowed states to restore the death penalty in 1976.
In 1995 A UN conference indefinitely extends the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which was originally set to expire after 25 years.
In 1996 An Atlanta-bound ValuJet DC-9 catches fire shortly after takeoff from Miami and crashes into the Florida Everglades, killing all 110 people on board.
In 1997 IBM computer "Deep Blue" defeats world chess champion Garry Kasparov in six-game chess match.
In 1998 India conducts its first nuclear tests in 24 years.
In 1998 A French mint produces the first coins of Europe's single currency, the euro.
In 1999 Stung by an espionage scandal, Energy Secretary Bill Richardson said he would halt the Clinton administration's aggressive declassification of Cold War-era nuclear documents.
In 2002 Notorious gangster Joseph Bonanno, aka "Joe Bananas," dies at 97.
In 2003 Lithuania becomes the first ex-Soviet republic to approve entry into the European Union.
In 2004 NBA star Kobe Bryant pleads not guilty in a Colorado court to a rape charge. (Prosecutors later dropped the case.)