Today In History...

In 1159 Adrian IV, the only English pope (1154-59), dies.

In 1807 Former vice president Aaron Burr is found innocent of treason.

In 1859 The first pullman railroad sleeping car goes into service.

In 1878 Emma Nutt, the first woman telephone operator in the U.S., begins

work at the Telephone Dispatch Company of Boston.

In 1890 The first baseball tripleheader, Boston vs Pittsburgh, is played.

In 1894 A raging forest fire destroys Hinckley, MN, and about a dozen other towns, killing more than 400 people.

In 1905 Alberta and Saskatchewan become the eight and ninth provinces of  Canada.

In 1914 Martha, the last known passenger pigeon, dies at the Cincinnati Zoo.

In 1923 An earthquake strikes the Japanese cities of Tokyo and Yokohama killing an estimated 150,000 people.

In 1932 New York City Mayor James J. "Gentlemen Jimmy" Walker resigns following charges of graft and corruption in his administration.

In 1939 World War II begins as Germany invades Poland. Great Britain and France declare war on Germany two days later.

In 1942 A federal judge in Sacramento, CA, upholds wartime detention of Japanese-Americans as well as Japanese nationals, striking down a challenge from the American Civil Liberties Union.

In 1945 Americans receive word of Japan's formal surrender ending World War II.

In 1949 The first network dectective series, "Private Eyes," premieres.

In 1951 Australia, New Zealand and the United States sign a mutual defense pact that came to be known as the "ANZUS" treaty.

In 1953 DuPont begins producing Teflon.

In 1961 The minimum wage is raised to $1.15.

In 1961 The Soviet Union ends a moratorium on atomic testing with an above-ground nuclear explosion in central Asia.

In 1962 The United Nations announces that the world population had grown to 3 billion.

In 1969 A coup in Libya brings Moammar Gadhafi to power.

In 1972 American Bobby Fischer wins the international chess crown in Reykjavik, Iceland, by defeating Soviet player Boris Spassky in their final match.

In 1973 George Foreman knocks out Jose Roman in the first round to retain the heavyweight title.

In 1975 The long-running TV series "Gunsmoke" goes off the air.

In 1976 U.S. Representative Wayne L. Hays (D-OH) resigns in the wake of a scandal in which he admitted having an affair with secretary Elizabeth Ray.

In 1979 Pioneer XI makes the first fly-by of Saturn, discovering a new moon and rings.

In 1979 A Los Angeles court orders Clayton Moore, who played TV's "The Lone Ranger," to stop wearing the Lone Ranger mask.

In 1981 Albert Speer, a close associate of Adolf Hitler who ran the Nazi war machine, dies at a London hospital at age 76.

In 1983 269 are killed when a Korean Air Lines Boeing 747 is shot down by a Soviet jet fighter after the airliner entered Soviet air space.

In 1983 30-year U.S. Senate veteran, Henry "Scoop" Jackson dies at age 71.

In 1984 The astronauts aboard the shuttle Discovery launch their third commercial satellite in three days, sending Telstar III into space.

In 1985 The sunken Titanic is found by French and American scientists at a depth of 12,000 feet.

In 1987 Peace demonstrator S. Brian Willson loses his legs when he was hit by a train at the Concord Naval Weapons Station in California while protesting weapons shipments to Central America.

In 1988 Shipyard workers at Gdansk, Poland, end an 11-day strike, acting with some reluctance on the advice of Solidarity leader Lech Wałęsa.

In 1989 Baseball Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti dies of a heart attack at age 51.

In 1989 Princess Anne and Mark Phillips announce their separation.

In 1990 President Bush announces that he and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev would meet in Helsinki, Finland, for a 1-day summit.

In 1992 Defying a U.S. government warning, Bobby Fischer announces he would play his onetime rival, Boris Spassky, in a $5 million chess match in Yugoslavia despite UN-imposed sanctions.

In 1993 Louis Freeh is sworn in as director of the FBI.

In 1994 Morocco establishes low-level diplomatic relations with Israel.

In 1996 A day after Iraqi forces move into a Kurdish safe haven, U.S. officials warned the Baghdad government that the incursion would not go unpunished.

In 1997 The federal minimum wage increases to $5.15 an hour in the second phase of increase approved by Congress.

In 1997 Physicists at Brookhaven National Laboratory announce evidence of new subatomic particle, an "exotic meson," that may help explain how universe is constructed.

In 1997 Armed robbers posing as postal workers steal more than $37 million from Zurich post office.

In 1998 Vietnam releases 5000 prisoners, including political dissidents, on National Day.

In 1998 Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hits his 56th and 57th home runs, breaking the one-season record set by Hack Wilson in 1930.

In 2001 An explosion and fire at a gambling parlor in Tokyo kills 44 people.

In 2002 Typhoon Rusa, the worst to hit South Korea in 40 years, leaves more than 240 people dead or missing.

In 2003 Actor Rand Brooks, who played Scarlett O'Hara's first husband in "Gone With the Wind," dies at age 84.

In 2004 More than 1000 people are taken hostage by heavily armed Chechen militants at a school in Beslan in southern Russia; more than 330, mostly children, were eventually killed in the 3-day ordeal.


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