Today In History...

In 1776 British forces occupy New York City during the American Revolution.

In 1789 The U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs is renamed the Department of State.

In 1821 Independence is proclaimed for Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador.

In 1887 The city of Philadelphia launches a 3-day celebration of the 100th anniversary of the U.S. Constitution.

In 1917 Russia is proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky, the head of the provisional government that came to power following the abdication of Czar Nicholas II.

In 1935 The Nuremberg Laws deprive German Jews of their citizenship and make the swastika the official symbol of Nazi Germany.

In 1940 During the Battle of Britain in World War II, the tide turns as the Luftwaffe sustains heavy losses inflicted by the Royal Air Force.

In 1947 The first 4-engine jet-propelled fighter plane is tested.

In 1949 "The Lone Ranger," based on the radio show of the same name, makes its televison debut on ABC with Clayton Moore as the masked hero and Jay Silverheels as Tonto.

In 1950 During the Korean conflict, U.N. Forces land at Inchon in the south and begin their drive toward Seoul.

In 1957 "Bachelor Father" with John Forsythe premieres on CBS-TV.

In 1959 Soviet Premier Khrushchev arrives for a 13-day visit in the U.S.

In 1963 4 children are killed in bombing of a black Baptist church in Birmingham, Alabama. The church had been a rallying point for civil rights demonstrations.

In 1965 "Lost in Space" premieres on CBS-TV.

In 1966 Gemini XI returns to Earth.

In 1976 Soyuz 22 carries two cosmonauts into earth orbit for 8 days.

In 1978 Muhammad Ali wins his third heavyweight crown by defeating Leon Spinks.

In 1981 The Senate Judiciary Committee votes unanimously to apporve the nomination of Sandra Day O'Connor to the U.S. Supreme Court.

In 1982 Iran's former foreign minister, Sadegh Ghotbzadeh, is executed after convicted of plotting against the government.

In 1983 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin submits his formal resignation to President Chaim Herzog.

In 1984 Sharlene Wells of Utah is crowned Miss America 1985 succeeding Suzette Charles, who had replaced Vanessa Williams as Miss America 1984.

In 1986 Leard Woedruff sets the dominos stacking record at 242.

In 1986 Philippines President Corazon Aquino arrives in the U.S. for a 9-day visit aimed at winning political and economic support.

In 1986 A bomb explodes in a crowded waiting room at Paris police headquarters, killing one and injuring 50 others.

In 1987 Pope John Paul II visits Los Angeles, California.

In 1988 Coastal residents from Mexico to Louisiana flee to higher ground, a day after Hurricane Gilbert pounded the Yucatan Peninsula.

In 1989 Pulitzer Prize-winning author Robert Penn Warren, the first poet laureate of the U.S., dies in Stratton, VT, at age 84.

In 1991 U.S. Senator Tom Harkin of Iowa enters the Democratic presidential race, promising to "take back government from the privileged few."

In 1992 FBI Director William Sessions promises a new national campaign to stem a recent wave of carjackings.

In 1993 Former 1960's radical Katherine Ann Power, who'd spent 23 years in hiding, surrenders to authorities to face charges stemming from a 1970 bank robbery in which Boston police officer Walter Schroeder Sr. was killed.

In 1993 Former 1960's radical Katherine Ann Power, who spent 23 years in hiding, surrenders to authorities to face charges stemming from a 1970 bank robbery in which Boston police officer was killed.

In 1994 President Clinton tells Haiti's military leaders in a primetime television address: "Your time is up. Leave now or we will force you from power."

In 1995 Hurricane Marilyn, the third major storm to batter the Caribbean in less than a month, hits the Virgin Islands with heavy rains and 100 mph winds.

In 1995 The UN's Fourth World Conference on Women adjourns in Beijing after approving a wide-ranging platform running the gamut from promoting inheritance rights to condemning rape in wartime.

In 1997 The popular diet drugs dexfenfluramine and fenfluramine are pulled off the market when evidence shows they could seriously damage a patient's hearts.

In 1998 The U.S. House Judiciary Committee votes to release the videotape of President Clinton's grand jury testimony, plus 2,800 pages.

In 1998 AIDS patients get an easier-to-swallow drug as the FDA approves a medication taken only once a day.

In 1998 Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit his record-setting 63rd home run of the season.

In 2000 The 2000 Summer Olympic Games open in Sydney.

In 2001 President Bush orders U.S. troops to get ready for war and braced Americans for a long, difficult assault against terrorists to avenge the September 11 attacks.

In 2001 Fred De Cordova, executive producer of "The Tonight Show starring Johnny Carson," dies at age 90.

In 2002 Opposition parties sweep Macedonia's ruling coalition from power in the nation's first elections since the 2001 armed uprising.

In 2003 The WUSA soccer league shuts down.


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