Today In History...
In 1780 British spy John Andre is hanged in Tappan, New York.
In 1835 The first battle of the Texas Revolution takes place as American settlers defeat a Mexican cavalry near the Guadalupe River.
In 1862 Tin cans with key openers are patented.
In 1870 Rome is made the Italian capital when Italy annexes Rome and the Papal States.
In 1889 The first International Conference of American States is convened in Washington, DC, with representatives from most Latin-American countries present.
In 1919 President Woodrow Wilson suffers a stroke that leaves him partially paralyzed.
In 1936 The first alcohol power plant is established at Atchison, Kansas.
In 1941 During World War II, the German armies begin Operation Typhoon, an all-out drive against Moscow.
In 1944 During World War II, Nazi troops crush the two-month-old Warsaw Uprising, during which 250,000 Poles were killed.
In 1946 "Faraway Hill" on Dumont-TV is the first network soap opera.
In 1950 Charles Schulz's "Peanuts" comic strip debuts in 9 newspapers.
In 1955 "Alfred Hitchcock Presents" premieres on CBS-TV.
In 1956 The first atomic power clock is exhibited in New York City.
In 1958 The former French colony of Guinea gains its independence.
In 1959 "The Twilight Zone" premieres on CBS-TV.
In 1961 "Ben Casey" starring Vince Edwards premieres on ABC-TV.
In 1967 Thurgood Marshall becomes the first black U.S. Supreme Court Justice.
In 1975 President Ford welcomes Japan's Emperor Hirohito to the U.S.
In 1980 U.S. Rep. Michael "Ozzie" Myers (D-CT) convicted of accepting a bribe in the FBI's ABSCAM sting operation, is expelled from the House.
In 1981 President Reagan announces plans to resume construction on the B1 bomber, which had been scrapped by President Carter.
In 1984 Three cosmonauts return after a record 237 days in orbit.
In 1984 Richard W. Miller becomes the first FBI agent to be arrested and charged with espionage. Miller was tried three times; he was sentenced to 20 years in prison, but was released after nine years.
In 1985 Actor Rock Hudson dies at age 59 from reported AIDS.
In 1986 The Senate joins the House in voting to override President Reagan's veto of stiff economic sanctions against South Africa.
In 1989 Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev warns that the Soviet economy is on the brink of collapse.
In 1989 Nearly 10,000 people march through Leipzig, East Germany, demanding legalization of opposition groups and adoption of democratic reforms in the country's largest protest since 1953.
In 1990 The U.S. Senate votes, 90-9, to confirm the nomination of Judge David H. Souter to the Supreme Court.
In 1991 Ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide asks the Organization of American States in Washington to send a delegation to his homeland to demand that the newly installed military junta surrender power immediately.
In 1992 The campaigns of President Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton agree to hold three presidential debates and one vice presidential debate.
In 1993 Hundreds of opponents of Russian President Boris Yeltsin battle police in Moscow and set up burning barricades in the biggest clash of Russia's 12-day-old political crisis.
In 1994 U.S. soldiers in Haiti detain several leaders of the country's pro-army militias as part of an effort to dismantle armed opposition to restoration of elected rule.
In 1994 Actress Harriet Nelson ("The Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet") dies at age 85.
In 1995 O.J. Simpson's jurors stun the courtroom and the nation by reaching verdicts in the sensational 8-month murder trial in less than four hours. (The decision was kept secret until the next day.)
In 1996 Mark Fuhrman is given three years' probation and fined $200 after pleading no contest to perjury for denying at O.J. Simpson's trial that he had used a certain racial slur in the past decade.
In 1996 Canada's auto workers union begin strike against General Motors in Canada.
In 1996 An AeroPeru Boeing 757 crashes into the Pacific Ocean, killing all 61 passengers and nine crew members on board.
In 1998 About 10,000 Turkish soldiers cross into northern Iraq and attack Kurdish rebels.
In 1999 The Brooklyn Museum of Art opened its much-hyped "Sensation" exhibit which had drawn controversy because of New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani's move to cut off city funding to the museum.
In 2000 In his first public address since a disputed election, Yugoslav President Milosevic branded his opponents puppets of the West.
In 2001 Acting Massachusetts Governor Jane Swift unveils security measures at Logan International Airport, where hijackers boarded the two planes that crashed into the World Trade Center.