Today In History...

In 1683 13 families from Krefeld, Germany, arrive in present-day Philadelphia to begin Germantown, one of America's oldest settlements.
In 1783 The first self-winding clock is patented.
In 1863 Dr. Charles H. Sheppard opens the first public bath in Brooklyn, NY.
In 1884 The Naval War College is established in Newport, Rhode Island.
In 1889 Thomas Edison shows his first motion picture.
In 1889 The Moulin Rouge in Paris first opens its doors to the public.
In 1891 Charles Stewart Parnell, the "Uncrowned King of Ireland," dies in Brighton, England.
In 1892 Poet Alfred Lord Tennyson dies in Haslemere, England, at age 83.
In 1927 "The Jazz Singer" starring Al Jolson, the first movie with a soundtrack, premieres.
In 1939 In an address to the Reichstag, Adolf Hitler denies having any intention of war against France and Britain.
In 1949 President Truman signs the Mutual Defense Assistance Act, totaling $1.3 billion in military aid to NATO countries.
In 1949 American-born Iva Toguri D'Aquino, convicted of being Japanese wartime broadcaster "Tokyo Rose," is sentenced in San Francisco to 10 years in prison and a $10,000 fine.
In 1959 Soviet Luna 3, the first successful photographic spacecraft, impacts on the moon.
In 1973 Egypt and Syria invade Israel beginning The Yom Kippur War.
In 1976 In his second debate with Jimmy Carter, President Ford asserts that there was "no Soviet domination of eastern Europe." Ford later conceded he had misspoke.
In 1979 Pope John Paul II, on a week-long U.S. tour, becomes the first pontiff to visit the White House.
In 1981 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat is shot to death by Muslim fundamentalists while reviewing a military parade.
In 1983 Cardinal Terence Cooke, the spiritual head of the Archdiocese of New York, dies at age 62.
In 1984 Astronaut Sally K. Ride, aboard the space shuttle Challenger, secures a balky antenna with the craft's robot arm.
In 1986 A crippled Soviet nuclear submarine sinks in the Atlantic Ocean about 1,200 miles east of New York.
In 1987 The Dow Jones average drops 91 points, at the time the biggest loss ever.
In 1987 The Senate Judiciary Committee votes, 9-5, against the nomination of Robert H. Bork to the U.S. Supreme Court, and both supporters and opponents predicted rejection by the full Senate.
In 1989 Actress Bette Davis dies in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, at age 81.
In 1991 Reports surfaced that a former personal assistant to Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas, University of Oklahoma law professor Anita Hill, had accused Thomas of sexually harassing her.
In 1991 CNN obtains and airs a videotape made in Beirut, Lebanon, of American hostage Terry Anderson, who quoted his captors as saying they would have "very good news."
In 1992 Ross Perot appears in a paid, 30-minute broadcast on CBS-TV in which he appealed for Americans to join his independent bit for president.
In 1992 The UN Security Council votes unanimously to establish a war crimes commission for Bosnia-Herzegovina.
In 1992 President Bush appoints Mary Fisher to the National Commission on AIDS, replacing Magic Johnson.
In 1993 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chief Yasser Arafat hold their first official meeting in Cairo, Egypt, to begin work on realizing terms of the Israeli-PLO accord.
In 1993 Basketball superstar Michael Jordan announces his retirement from the Bulls. (He returned to the Bulls in 1995.)
In 1995 Boeing Co.'s largest group of union workers strikes after voting down a new three-year contract offer.
In 1996 President Clinton and Senator Bob Dole meet in Hartford, CT, for the first presidential debate.
In 1997 American Dr. Stanley B. Prusiner wins the Nobel Peace Prize in medicine for discovering new type of germ.
In 1997 The space shuttle Atlantis returns to Earth, bringing home American astronaut Michael Foale after more than four months aboard the Russian space station Mir.
In 2000 Slobodan Milosevic concedes defeat in Yugoslavia.
In 2001 Cal Ripken plays his last game in the major leagues.
In 2002 Pope John Paul II elevates to sainthood Josemaria Escriva de Balaguer, the Spanish priest who founded the conservative Catholic organization Opus Dei.
In 2002 Prince Claus, the German-born husband of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, dies in Amsterdam at age 76.
In 2003 American Paul Lauterbur & Briton Peter Mansfield win the Nobel Prize for medicine for discoveries that led to magnetic resonance imaging.

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