Today In History...
In 1566 Mary, Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiring against Queen Elizabeth I. (She was beheaded the following February.)
In 1884 George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film.
In 1912 President Theodore Roosevelt is shot in the chest in Milwaukee while campaigning for President with the Bull Moose Party. Despite the wound, he went ahead with a scheduled speech.
In 1922 The first automated telephones are installed in the Pennsylvania exchange in New York City.
In 1933 Nazi Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
In 1943 The Radio Corporation of America (RCA) completes the sale of the NBC Blue radio network to businessman Edward J. Noble for $8 million. The network was renamed the American Broadcasting Company (ABC).
In 1944 German Field Marshall Erwin Rommel commits suicide rather than face trial for his part in an attempt to overthrow Hitler.
In 1947 U.S. Air Force Captain Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager becomes the first person to fly faster than the speed of sound as he tests a Bell X-1 rocket-powered plane over Muroc, California.
In 1949 14 U.S. Communist Party leaders are convicted of sedition.
In 1959 Actor, Errol Flynn dies.
In 1960 Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy suggests the idea for the Peace Corps before an audience of students at the University of Michigan.
In 1961 Alvin and the Chipmunks begin their first TV show.
In 1964 Civil rights leader Martin Luther King wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1968 The scuba depth record is set at 437 feet.
In 1968 The first live telecast from a manned U.S. spacecraft is transmitted from Apollo XII.
In 1975 President Ford narrowly escapes injury when his limousine is struck broadside in Hartford, CT.
In 1976 Soyuz 23 launched to Salyut 6, but returns without docking.
In 1977 Actor, Bing Crosby dies of a heart attack after a game of golf in Madrid, Spain, at the age of 73.
In 1978 First TV movie from a TV series - "Rescue from Gilligan's Island."
In 1980 Republican presidential nominee Ronald Reagan promises that, if elected, he would name a woman to the U.S. Supreme Court.
In 1981 The new president of Egypt, Hosni Mubarak, is sworn in to succeed the assassinated Anwar Sadat.
In 1983 Japanese astronomers release photographic proof of two rings around the sun.
In 1983 Sgt. Allen Soifert, a member of the U.S. Marine peacekeeping force in Lebanon, is killed by sniper fire from Shiite Muslim areas near Beirut International Airport.
In 1986 Following the stalemate at the Reykjavik summit, Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev charges that the U.S. wanted to "bleed the Soviet Union white economically" with an expensive arms race in space.
In 1987 18-month-old Jessica McClure falls 22 feet down an abandoned well in Midland, Texas. (Hundreds of rescuers worked 58 hours to free her.)
In 1992 Russia's worst serial killer, Andrei Chikatilo, is convicted of killing 52 women and children (he was executed in 1994).
In 1993 U.S. helicopter pilot Michael Durant and a Nigerian peacekeeper are freed by Somali fighters loyal to Mohamed Farrah Aidid.
In 1995 An armed gunman seizes a bus carrying South Korean tourists in Moscow's Red Square (commandos stormed the bus the next day, killing the gunman and freeing the four remaining hostages).
In 1996 Archer Daniels Midland Co. says it will plead guilty to two charges and pay $100 million to settle federal price-fixing case.
In 1996 The Dow Jones industrial average closes above the 6,000 mark for the first time, less than a year after it cleared the 5,000 barrier.
In 1997 Novelist Harold Robbins dies in Palm Springs, CA, at age 81.
In 1998 The Federal Reserve approves the merger of Wells Fargo and Norwest Corp., creating nation's seventh largest bank.
In 1998 Federal authorities charge Eric Robert Rudolph, one of FBI's 10 most-wanted fugitives, with the bombing at 1996 Summer Olympics.
In 2000 Two hijackers seize a London-bound Saudi Arabian Airlines jet carrying more than 100 people, taking it first to Syria and then to Baghdad, Iraq, where the hijackers surrendered peacefully.
In 2000 A mudslide caused by heavy rains sweeps through the Swiss Alpine village of Gondo, destroying buildings and killing 13 people.
In 2001 President George W. Bush rejects a offer by the Taliban in Afghanistan to discuss handing over Osama bin Laden to a third country.