Today In History...
In 1770 The Boston Massacre takes place when British soldiers taunted by a crowd of colonists open fire, killing several people.
In 1845 Congress appropriates $30,000 to ship camels to the western U.S.
In 1867 An abortive Fenian uprising against English rule takes place in Ireland.
In 1868 The U.S. Senate is organized into a Court of Impeachment to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson.
In 1927 U.S. marines land in China to protect American property.
In 1933 In German parliamentary elections, the Nazi Party wins 44 percent of the vote, enabling it to join with the Nationalists to gain a slender majority in the Reichstag.
In 1936 Director John Ford receives his first Oscar for "The Informer."
In 1946 Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, in an address at Westminster College in Fulton, MO, speaks of an "Iron Curtain" stretching from the Baltic to the Adriatic.
In 1953 Soviet leader, Josef V. Stalin dies at age 73, after 29 years in power.
In 1956 The movie "King Kong" is first televised.
In 1969 The price of gold reaches a then record high of $47 per ounce.
In 1970 A nuclear non-proliferation treaty goes into effect after 43 nations ratify it.
In 1976 The British pound falls below the equivalent of $2.00 for the first time.
In 1977 President Carter takes questions from 42 telephone callers in 26 states on a network radio call-in show moderated by Walter Cronkite.
In 1979 Voyager I flies past Jupiter and sends back photos.
In 1980 The world record for jumping over the most barrels by a woman on ice skates is set by Janet Hainstock at over 11 barrels.
In 1982 Actor/comedian John Belushi is found dead of a cocaine overdose at a rented Hollywood bungalow at age 33.
In 1983 Bob Hawke and his opposition Labor Party defeat Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser's conservative coalition.
In 1984 The U.S. Supreme Court rules, 5-4, that a city could use public funds to build a Nativity scene as part of a public display without violating the Constitution's separation of church and state.
In 1985 The Pentagon suspends part of its huge annual payment to General Dynamics Corp., citing evidence that the defense contractor had billed the government for unauthorized expenses.
In 1986 In Lebanon, Islamic Jihad issues a statement saying it had executed French hostage Michel Seurat, who had been abducted almost a year earlier.
In 1986 Former U.N. Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim denies any part in Nazi war crimes in the wake of stories raising questions about his World War II service in a German army unit.
In 1987 President Reagan calls on Congress to approve the final installment of a $100 million aid package for Nicaraguan Contra rebels.
In 1990 Workers in Bucharest, Romania, succeed in removing a 25-foot, 7-ton bronze statue of Vladimir Lenin.
In 1990 Republican national chairman Lee Atwater suffers a seizure caused by a brain tumor.
In 1991 Iraq repeals its annexation of Kuwait. The Iraqis turned over 35 prisoners of war, including 15 Americans, to the Red Cross.
In 1992 Nebraska Senator Bob Kerry drops out of the race for the Democratic presidential nomination.
In 1992 The trial of four Los Angeles police officers charged with beating motorist Rodney King opens in Simi Valley, California.
In 1994 The record for the largest milkshake is set at 1,955 gallons in Nelspruit, South Africa.
In 1994 White House Counsel Bernard Nussbaum resigns in the wake of turmoil over the Clinton administration's handling of questions related to Whitewater.
In 1994 A jury in Pensacola, FL, convicts anti-abortion activist Michael F. Griffin of first-degree murder in the shooting death of Dr. David Gunn. Griffin was sentenced to life in prison.
In 1995 An Australian yacht breaks in two and sinks in heavy rain and fierce winds off the Southern California coast, the first sinking in the history of America's Cup racing; all 17 crew members were rescued.
In 1996 Rep. Enid Greene Waldholtz (R-UT) tangled in a financial mess that she blamed on her estranged husband, announced she would not seek a second term.
In 1997 The Ohio River at its highest level in a generation, floods the Louisville, KY, area.
In 1997 North and South Korea meet for first time in 25 years to talk peace.
In 1997 Tommy Lasorda, Nellie Fox and Willie Wells Sr. are elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame.
In 1998 NASA says that an orbiting craft found enough water on the moon to support a human colony and rocket fueling station.
In 1999 Italian Prime Minister Massimo D'Alema meets with President Clinton, a day after a military jury in North Carolina acquitted a Marine pilot in the Italian cable car accident that killed 20 people.
In 1999 Actor Richard Kiley dies in Warwick, NY, at age 76.
In 2001 Vice President Dick Cheney undergoes an angioplasty for a partially blocked artery after going to a hospital with chest pains.
In 2001 Two students at Santana High School in Santee, CA, are shot to death, and 13 other people were wounded. A student, Charles "Andy" Williams, was charged in the shootings.
In 2002 President Bush places tariffs of 8 to 30 percent on several types of imported steel in an effort to aid the ailing U.S. industry.
In 2002 "The Osbournes" reality series debuts on MTV.