Today In History...

In 1519, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I died.
In 1773, America's first public museum was opened in Charleston, SC.
In 1820, The Royal Astronomical Society was founded in England.
In 1912, Washta, Idaho, recorded the state's low temperature minus 47 degrees.
In 1915, The U.S. House of Representatives rejected a proposal to give women the right to vote.
In 1929, America's longest railway tunnel (8 miles) was completed through the Washington Cascade Mountains.
In 1932, Hattie Caraway became the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate.
In 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the National War Labor Board.
1944 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and French General Charles De Gaulle began a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh, Morocco.
In 1945, During World War II, German forces in Belgium retreated in the Battle of the Bulge.
In 1945, Aircraft from the U.S. Navy destroyed 41 Japanese ships in the Battle of the South China Sea.
In 1948, In a case involving the University of Oklahoma, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that states could not discriminate against law school applicants based on race.
In 1964, Leftist rebels in Zanzibar began their successful revolt against the government.
In 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson said in his State of the Union address that the U.S. should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression there ended.
In 1969, The New York Jets beat the Baltimore Colts, 16-7, in Super BowlIII.
1971 The situation comedy "All in the Family" premieres on CBS.
In 1976, mystery writer Agatha Christie died in Wallingford, England, at 85.
In 1980, gold rose past the $700 per ounce mark.
In 1981, Massachusetts's all-time low-temperature record of 35 below zero was recorded at Chester.
In 1983, Health & Human Services Secretary Richard S. Schweiker resigned; President Reagan nominated former U.S. Rep Margaret Heckler to take his place.
In 1985, The government of France announced it was sending additional troops to the Pacific island territory of New Caledonia, the scene of an increasingly violent ethnic conflict.
In 1986, The space shuttle Columbia was launched with a crew that included U.S. Rep. Bill Nelson from Florida and the first Hispanic American in Space, Dr. Franklin R. Chang-Diaz.
In 1987, Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite arrived in Lebanon to negotiate the release of hostages and was taken hostage himself.
In 1988, Willie Stargell, a 21-year slugger with the Pittsburgh Pirates, was elected to the Baseball Hall Of Fame.
In 1989, President-elect Bush named former Education Secretary William Bennett the first U.S. "drug czar."
In 1990, The astronauts aboard the space shuttle Columbia retrieved an 11-ton floating science laboratory in a rescue mission that kept the satellite from plunging to Earth.
In 1991, A deeply divided Congress gave President Bush the authority to wage war in the Persian Gulf.
In 1992, One day after the surprise resignation of Algeria's president, the army-backed Algerian government canceled parliamentary elections to prevent fundamentalist Muslims from winning power.
In 1994, President Clinton, en route to Russia, worked out an agreement with Ukraine to eliminate the country's nuclear arsenal, the third-largest in the world.
In 1995, An American soldier was killed, and another was wounded during a shootout with a former Haitian army officer in Port-Au-Prince, Haiti.
In 1995, Bahiyah Shabazz, the daughter of Malcolm X, was arrested on charges she tried to hire a hitman to kill Louis Farrakhan.
In 1996, Chechen fighters holding more than 100 hostages in the Russian village of Pervomayskaya freed about a dozen of their captives. They pledged to release the rest if 4 Russian officials took their place.
In 1998, 19 European nations agreed to prohibit human cloning.
In 1998, Linda Tripp provided Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr's office with taped conversations between herself and former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
In 1999, The U.S. Supreme Court limited state regulation of voter initiatives, striking down several methods used by Colorado.
In 1999, an anonymous bidder sold Mark McGwire's 70th home run ball at auction in New York for $3 million.
2002 Michelle Kwan won her fifth U.S. Figure Skating Championships crown and sixth overall.
In 2002, former Secretary of State Cyrus R. Vance died at 84.
In 2003, Steve Case announced he was stepping down as chairman of AOL Time Warner, the conglomerate he'd helped to create.
In 2004, President Bush and Mexican President Vicente Fox forged an agreement on immigration and Iraq while meeting in Monterrey.
In 2005, A NASA spacecraft, Deep Impact, blasted off to smash a hole in a comet. (The probe crashed into Comet Tempel 1 on July 3.)
In 2024, National Handwriting Day.
In 2024, Volunteer Fireman Day.

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