Today In History...

In 1556, A deadly earthquake killed 830,000 in Shensi Province, China.
In 1742, Charles VII, king of Germany, was elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire during the War of the Austrian Succession.
In 1848, James W. Marshall found a gold nugget at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California, leading to the gold rush of 1849.
In 1861, The arsenal at Augusta, Georgia, was seized by the Confederacy.
In 1899, Humphrey O'Sullivan patented the rubber heel.
In 1908, Sir Robert Baden-Powell organized England's first Boy Scout troops.
In 1916, The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that federal income tax is constitutional.
1922 Christian K. Nelson of Onawa, Iowa, patents the Eskimo Pie.
In 1924, The Soviet Union renamed the city of Petrograd to Leningrad.
In 1935, Beer was first sold in cans in Richmond, Virginia.
In 1942, A special court of inquiry into America's lack of preparedness for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor places much of the blame on the Navy's Rear Admiral, Husband E. Kimmel, and the Army's General Walter C. Short.
1943 President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill concluded a wartime conference in Casablanca, Morocco.
In 1945, The New York Yankees were sold for $3 million.
In 1965, former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill died in London at 90.
In 1972, The U.S. Supreme Court struck down laws that denied welfare benefits to people who had resided in a state for less than a year.
In 1978 A crippled, nuclear-powered Soviet satellite plunged through Earth's atmosphere and disintegrated, scattering radioactive debris over parts of northern Canada.
In 1982, the San Francisco 49ers won their first Super Bowl, 26-21, over the Cincinnati Bengals.
In 1983, A jury in Italy sentenced 32 members of the Red Brigades to life imprisonment for the kidnapping and murder of former Prime Minister Aldo Moro.
In 1984, The personal Apple Macintosh Computer was introduced.
In 1985, The space shuttle Discovery was launched from Cape Canaveral, FL, on the first secret, all-military shuttle mission.
In 1985, A federal jury in New York decided that Time magazine did not libel former Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon by linking him to a 1982 massacre of Palestinians.
In 1986, The Voyager II space probe made the first fly-by of Uranus and discovered new moons.
In 1987, 20,000 civil rights demonstrators marched through nearly all-white Forsyth County, Georgia, a week after Ku Klux Klan members disrupted a smaller march.
In 1987, Gunmen kidnapped 3 American teachers and an Indian educator from Beirut University College in Lebanon. (All were later released.)
In 1988, The government of Haiti declared Leslie Manigat the winner of that country's presidential election.
In 1989, After ten years on death row, Ted Bundy was executed in Florida for murdering two college co-eds and a 12-year-old girl.
In 1990, The U.S. House of Representatives voted 390-25 to override President Bush's veto of legislation protecting Chinese students from being deported. (Bush prevails the next day in a Senate vote).
In 1992, The state of Arkansas executed convicted cop-killer Ricky RayRector by lethal injection.
In 1992, A judge in El Salvador sentenced an army colonel and a lieutenant to 30 years in prison for their part in the 1989 massacre of six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper, and her daughter.
In 1993, Retired U.S. Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall died at age 84. President Clinton picks William Perry to succeed Les Aspin as U.S. Defense Secretary.
In 1994, The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that protesters who block access to abortion clinics may be sued under federal anti-racketeering laws.
In 1995, Opening statements began in the O.J. Simpson murder trial.
In 1995, President Clinton froze Mideast terrorists' assets held in American banks.
In 1996, The FDA approved Olestra, a zero-calorie artificial fat.
In 1996, Michael New was discharged from the U.S. Army after a court-martial jury convicted him for refusing to wear a U.N. beret for a peacekeeping mission in the former Yugoslavia.
In 1997, Publix Super Markets agreed to pay $81.5 million to settle a class-action lawsuit.
In 1998, Pope John Paul II, during his visit to Cuba, called for releasing "prisoners of conscience" and respecting freedom of expression, initiative, and association.
In 1999, Olympic leaders recommended expulsing six International Olympic Committee members in response to allegations of payoffs.
In 2001, The last two of seven escaped convicts from Texas were captured in Colorado after 42 days on the run.
In 2003, The new Department of Homeland Security officially opened as its head, Tom Ridge, was sworn in.
2003, Connecticut became the first state to inoculate 500,000 healthcare workers against smallpox.
In 2004, NASA's Opportunity rover landed on Mars.

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