Today In History...

1589 Catherine de Medici, Queen of France, died at 69.

In 1781, Benedict Arnold's British naval force burned Richmond, Virginia.

In 1895, French Captain Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, was publicly stripped of his rank. (He is later declared innocent.)

In 1896, German physicist Wilhelm Roentgen first described X-rays in the Austrian newspaper "Wiener Presse."

In 1905, Perrine announced the discovery of Jupiter's 7th satellite, Elara.

In 1914, Henry Ford announced a minimum wage of $5.00 for an eight-hour day.

In 1922, Sir Ernest Shackleton, an Antarctic explorer, died aboard his ship.

In 1925, Nellie T. Ross of Wyoming became the first U.S. female governor as she finished the term of her late husband.

In 1933, the 30th U.S. president, Calvin Coolidge, died at 60.

In 1943, educator and scientist George Washington Carver died at age 81.

1948 Alfred Kinsey's "Sexual Behavior in the Human Male" was published.

1949 In his State of the Union address, President Truman labels his administration the "Fair Deal."

In 1964, Pope Paul VI visited Jordan and Israel.

In 1969, the USSR launched Venera 5, the first flourishing planet landing on Venus.

In 1970, Joseph A. Yablonski, an unsuccessful candidate for the presidency of the United Mine Workers, was found murdered with his wife & daughter at their home in Clarksville, Pennsylvania.

In 1972, President Richard Nixon committed America to design a reusable space vehicle and signed a $5.5 billion Space Shuttle bill.

In 1981, Police in England arrested Peter Sutcliffe, a truck driver later convicted of the "Yorkshire Ripper" murders of 13 women.

In 1983, President Reagan announced he would nominate Elizabeth Dole to succeed Drew Lewis as secretary of transportation, making her the first woman to head the department.

In 1984, In a Voice of America radio address, President Reagan told Cubans they were being systematically denied access to the truth about their country.

In 1985, Soviet President Konstantin U. Chernenko said the Soviet Union was ready for "urgent and effective measures" to curb the arms race.

1987, the surrogate "Baby M." case began in Hackensack, New Jersey.

In 1988, Radon, an odorless gas, was linked to 13,000 cancer deaths each year.

In 1988, Former NBA leading scorer "Pistol Pete" Maravich died of a heart attack at age 40 during a pickup game in Pasadena, California.

In 1988, The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously to ask Israel not to deport Palestinians from the occupied territories in the first council vote against Israel since 1981.

In 1989, Lawrence E. Walsh, the special prosecutor in the Iran-Contra case, asked for a dismissal of 2 charges against Oliver North, citing the Reagan administration's refusal to release material sought by North.

In 1990, President Bush said the U.S. had a strong case against deposed Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega and that he was convinced Noriega would receive a fair trial on drug trafficking charges.

In 1992, President Bush arrived in Seoul, South Korea, on the third stop of a 12-day tour focusing on international trade issues.

In 1993, The state of Washington executed Westley Allan Dodd, an admitted child sex killer, in America's first legal hanging since 1965.

In 1993, A Liberian-registered tanker ran aground in Scotland's Shetland Islands, spilling more than 24 million gallons of light crude oil.

In 1994, North Korea said it would allow renewed access by international inspectors to seven declared nuclear sites.

In 1994, Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill, a former U.S. House of Representatives speaker, died in Boston at 81.

In 1994, North Korea agreed to allow renewed international inspections of seven nuclear sites.

In 1997, Blowing snow closed major highways in the upper Midwest.

In 1997, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat held a secret summit. Still, they fell short of agreement on the issues delaying an Israeli troop withdrawal from Hebron.

In 2000, Four U.S. Air Force and Navy jets fired at four Iraqi MiGs testing the "no-fly" zone over southern Iraq.

In 2002, Charles Bishop, a 15-year-old student pilot, deliberately crashed a small plane into a skyscraper in Tampa, FL, killing himself.

In 2003, The Chinese media reported that an unmanned Chinese space capsule had returned safely to Earth.

In 2004, Foreigners arriving at U.S. airports were photographed. They had their fingerprints scanned at the start of a government effort to keep terrorists out of the country.

In 2004, after 14 years of denial, Pete Rose publicly admitted that he'd bet on baseball while managing the Cincinnati Reds


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