Today In History...

In 1492, The leader of the last Arab stronghold in Spain surrendered to Spanish forces loyal to King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella I.
In 1776, The first revolutionary flag was displayed.
In 1788, Georgia became the 4th U.S. state.
1893 The U.S. Postal Service issued its first adhesive commemorative stamps to honor Christopher Columbus' voyage.
1900 U.S. Secretary of State John Hay announced the "Open Door Policy" to facilitate trade with China.
In 1921, Religious services were broadcast for the first time when KDKA in Pittsburgh aired the regular Sunday services of the city's Calvary Episcopal Church.
In 1929, The U.S. and Canada reached an agreement to preserve Niagara Falls.
In 1935, Bruno Hauptmann went on trial in Flemington, NJ, on charges of kidnapping and murdering the infant son of Charles A. Lindbergh. Hauptmann was later found guilty and executed.
1939 Time Magazine named German Chancellor Adolf Hitler Man of the Year.
In 1942, The Philippine capital of Manila was captured by Japanese forces during World War II.
In 1942, The film "Yankee Doodle Dandy" starring Jimmy Cagney opened.
In 1952, Libya became an independent constitutional monarchy.
In 1955, President Jose Antonio Remon of Panama was assassinated.
In 1959, the USSR launched Mechta, the first lunar probe, and missed the moon.
In 1960, Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
1965 The New York Jets signed University of Alabama quarterback Joe Namath for a reported $400,000.
In 1968, Dr. Christian Barnard performed their first successful heart transplant.
In 1972, Mariner IX began mapping Mars.
1974, President Nixon signed legislation requiring states to limit highway speeds to 55 mph.
In 1983, The musical play "Annie," based on the "Little Orphan Annie" comic strip, closed on Broadway after 2,377 performances.
In 1984, W. Wilson Goode, the son of a sharecropper, was sworn in as Philadelphia's first black mayor.
In 1985, President Ronald Reagan condemned abortion clinic arson attacks.
In 1985, Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone visited President Reagan in Los Angeles, discussing ways to open Japanese markets to U.S. goods.
In 1986, baseball owner Bill Veeck died in Chicago at 71.
In 1988, millions of ounces of oil spilled into the Monongahela River about 20 miles upstream from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
In 1988, 21 were killed, and 14 were wounded in sea and air strikes by Israeli forces at Palestinian targets in Lebanon.
In 1988, President Reagan and Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney signed an agreement to lift trade restrictions between the two countries.
1990 The Dow Jones Industrial Average ends the day above 2,800 for the first time, at 2,810.15.
In 1991, European, Soviet, and Arab officials pushed for talks to avert war with Iraq.
In 1991, Sharon Pratt Dixon was sworn in as mayor of Washington, DC, becoming the first black woman to head a city of Washington's size.
In 1992, Russian President Boris Yeltsin lifted price controls to stimulate production.
In 1992, Croatia's military commanders agreed to a cease-fire accord, the 15th attempt at a truce.
1993, President Bush arrived in Moscow to sign a strategic arms treaty with President Boris Yeltsin.
In 1995, The U.S. boosted to $9 billion the line of credit it was providing Mexico to defend the peso against further devaluation.
In 1995, Marion Barry was inaugurated as mayor of Washington, DC, four years after leaving the office in disgrace to serve a six-month sentence for misdemeanor drug possession.
In 1996, Former U.S. Interior Secretary James Watt pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor count of attempting to sway a grand jury investigating 1980s influence-peddling at the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
1996, AT&T announced it would eliminate 40,000 jobs, mainly through layoffs.
In 1997, Rain and melting snow swamped the West, trapping visitors in Yosemite National Park, closing Reno's casinos, and forcing the evacuation of 50,000 Californians.
In 1998, Russia circulated new rubles to check inflation and promote confidence.
In 1999, A UN-chartered cargo plane carrying nine people was downed in Angola's central highland war zone; there were no survivors.
In 2000, Retired Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt Jr., known early in his career for modernizing the Navy and later for ordering the spraying of Agent Orange in Vietnam, died at age 79.
2001 President-elect Bush named Democrat Norman Y. Mineta his transportation secretary and Spencer Abraham energy secretary.
In 2001, ships made the first legal and direct crossing between China and Taiwan in over 50 years.
In 2002, Eduardo Duhalde was sworn in as Argentina's president.
In 2004, The NASA spacecraft Stardust flew through the halo of the distant comet Wild 2.


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